- Slides: 63
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SOL VS. 3
SOL VS. 3 Why did the King of England want an American colony?
SOL VS. 3 Some European countries, including England, were in competition to increase their wealth and power by expanding their empires to America.
SOL VS. 3 England wanted to establish an American colony to increase her wealth and power.
SOL VS. 3 England hoped to find gold and silver in America, as the Spanish had done in Mexico and South America.
Each dot on this map of England shows SOL VS. 3 a place where a Jamestown settler came from. Historians have read the 400 -year -old records of Jamestown to find where the settlers came from. Why did the Jamestown settlers come to America?
SOL VS. 3 Jamestown was founded in 1607 as an economic venture. What are these people doing? Where are they? What year is it?
SOL VS. 3 An American settlement would furnish raw materials that could not be grown or obtained in England. What raw materials do you see here?
SOL VS. 3 An American settlement would open new markets for trade.
SOL VS. 3 An An American settlement would open new markets for trade. • England needed raw materials, materials such as lumber and tobacco. • Virginia needed manufactured goods, goods such as furniture, tools, needles, and muskets. Sewing with needles from England
SOL VS. 3 Coat of arms of the Virginia Company of London Jamestown was established (started) by the Virginia Company of London as an economic venture. The Virginia Company hoped to make a huge profit on their investment.
SOL VS. 3 The Virginia Company was a group of people who got others to invest their money. Seal of the Virginia Company
SOL VS. 3 After the Jamestown settlement made money, the investors were supposed to get a profit from their money.
SOL VS. 3 Jamestown was the first permanent English settlement in America.
Where is Jamestown located? SOL VS. 3 Jamestown
SOL VS. 3 When the settlers chose the location in 1607, Jamestown was located on a narrow peninsula bordered on three sides by the James River. the peninsula the James River
SOL VS. 3 Today, Jamestown is located on an island in the James River. This is an aerial view of part of Jamestown fort.
SOL VS. 3 Why did the settlers choose the site at Jamestown? This is one of the very first maps of Virginia. Can you find the Chesapeake Bay?
SOL VS. 3 The location could be easily defended from attack by sea. The English feared a sea attack by the Spanish.
SOL VS. 3 The water along the shore was deep enough for ships to dock. harbor
SOL VS. 3 The English believed they had a good supply of fresh water.
SOL VS. 3 What was the importance of the charters of the Virginia Company of London to the Jamestown settlement?
SOL VS. 3 The King of England granted charters to the Virginia Company of London in the 1600 s
SOL VS. 3 The charters gave the Virginia Company the right to establish a settlement in North America.
SOL VS. 3 The first charter of the Virginia Company of London established companies to begin colonies in the New World.
SOL VS. 3 The charters extended English rights to the colonists. The Houses of Parliament, where English laws were made The Capitol at Williamsburg, where the House of Burgesses met to make Virginia’s laws
SOL VS. 3 As Jamestown grew, the system of government evolved.
SOL VS. 3 What was this system of government called? Houses in Jamestown looked like English houses.
SOL VS. 3 In 1619, the governor of Virginia called a meeting of the Virginia Assembly. The Assembly included two citizen representatives, called “burgesses. ”
SOL VS. 3 The burgesses came from each of the divisions of Virginia.
SOL VS. 3 The Assembly also included the governor’s council and the governor. John Smith was an early governor of Virginia.
At that time, only adult men were considered citizens. SOL VS. 3
SOL VS. 3 By the 1640 s, the burgesses became a separate legislative body, called the Virginia House of Burgesses. Patrick Henry speaks in the Virginia House of Burgesses.
The government of the Virginia colony was based on the English model of a representative government. SOL VS. 3 This is the church in Jamestown where the House of Burgesses first met.
The House of Burgesses was modeled after the English Parliament. SOL VS. 3
SOL VS. 3 The House of Burgesses was the first elected legislative body in America, giving settlers the opportunity to control their own government. This is an old engraving showing colonial Virginia men voting.
SOL VS. 3 An 1800 s drawing of the General Assembly building in Richmond Today it is called the General Assembly and is the oldest legislative body in the western hemisphere.
SOL VS. 3 The House of Burgesses became the Virginia General Assembly, which continues to this day. the state capitol building in Richmond, where the Virginia General Assembly meets to make our laws
SOL VS. 3 Jamestown became a more diverse colony by 1620.
What was the impact of the arrival of women on the Jamestown settlement? SOL VS. 3
SOL VS. 3 In 1620, the Virginia Company of London sent a ship with 90 young women to Jamestown. A man who wanted to marry one of these women, had to pay 120 pounds of tobacco to the ship’s captain for her trip to Jamestown.
SOL VS. 3 The arrival of women in 1620 made it possible for the settlers to establish families and a more permanent settlement at 1600 s drawings of children at Jamestown. play
SOL VS. 3 What was the impact of the arrival of Africans on the Jamestown settlement? African Americans re-enact slaves listening to a slave preacher on a plantation.
SOL VS. 3 Africans arrived in Jamestown against their will. It is believed that they arrived as baptized Christians and therefore were labeled indentured servants for a period of 5 to 7 years.
SOL VS. 3 But Virginia planters soon saw that they would need a cheap supply of labor for a long time. Tidewater plantations were expanding because people could make so much money from tobacco.
SOL VS. 3 The arrival of Africans made it possible to expand the tobacco economy.
SOL VS. 3 How did the Powhatan people and the English settlers interact? This is a 1600 s drawing of Powhatan Indians smoking fish over a fire.
SOL VS. 3 1600 s drawing of a Powhatan village The Powhatan people and the English settlers at Jamestown established trading relationships and for a while had positive interactions.
SOL VS. 3 Captain John Smith initiated (started) trading relationships with the Powhatans.
SOL VS. 3 The Powhatans traded food, furs, and leather with the English in exchange for tools, pots, guns, and other goods. Powhatan shelter and cooking fire at Jamestown
SOL VS. 3 Modern drawing of a Powhatan man 1600 s drawing of a Powhatan warrior The Powhatan people contributed to the survival of the Jamestown settlers in several ways. Powhatan style reed and grass shelter Cooking pot found at Jamestown
Pocahontas, daughter of Chief Powhatan, believed the English and American Indians (First Americans) could live in harmony. SOL VS. 3 different portraits of Pocahontas
SOL VS. 3 Pocahontas began a friendship with the colonists that helped them survive. Powhatan Indian building a dugout canoe
SOL VS. 3 The Powhatans introduced new crops to the English, including corn and tobacco.
SOL VS. 3 Why did the relationship between the Jamestown settlers and the Powhatans change? Powhatan shelter at Jamestown
SOL VS. 3 blacksmith at work in Jamestown The Powhatan people realized the English settlement would continue to grow.
SOL VS. 3 The Powhatans saw the colonists as invaders that would take over their land. armour from the 1600 s cannon at Jamestown fort
SOL VS. 3 William and Mary College in the 1600 s So we see that from 1607, Jamestown, the first permanent English settlement in America, changed forever how Virginia looked and worked.
SOL VS. 3 The English brought with them English laws and customs, which were influenced by their relationship with the Powhatans.
SOL VS. 3 The English also began the terrible institution of slavery in Virginia, which lasted a long time, because of its dependence on a tobacco economy.
SOL VS. 3 But Virginia grew into a culture very different from that of England, because of the influence of Africans and the Powhatan.
SOL VS. 3 How does your life today show the influence of the English, the Africans, and the Powhatan? Let us always be grateful the lives of those who we before us.