- Slides: 8
Soft Tissue Injuries
What are Soft Tissues? • Soft tissues are the layers that protect underlying body structures. • Types of soft tissues: – Skin • Epidermis • Dermis • Hypodermis – Fatty Tissue – Muscle
Types of Soft Tissue Injuries • Burns – First Degree (Affect only outer layer of skin). – Second and Third Degree (Damage all layers of skin). • Closed Wounds – Bruises and Contusions • Open Wound – Abrasion – Laceration – Avulsion – Puncture
Caring for a Soft Tissue Injury • Preventing Infection – For minor wounds wash with soap and water. – Peroxide and Iodine – Immunization • Control Bleeding – http: //www. instructorscorner. org/media/videos/k 31. html • Dressings – Occlusive Dressing • Bandages – Pressure – Adhesive Compress – Roller – Elastic Roller – Triangular – http: //www. instructorscorner. org/media/videos/k 32. html
Caring for Wounds • • Care for a Closed Wound – Elevate injury. – Apply cold. Care for a Open Wound – Put on gloves. – Control bleeding. – Apply a dressing and bandage. – Get victim to hospital. Prevent infection. Minimize shock by keeping the victim from getting chilled or overheated. Get the victim to a hospital. http: //www. instructorscorner. org/media/videos/k 29. html http: //www. instructorscorner. org/media/videos/k 28. html
Caring for a Burn • Burns can be very dangerous – Heat, chemicals and electricity will cause burns. • Cool the burned are to stop the burning. • Cover the burned area. • Get the victim to a hospital. http: //www. instructorscorner. org/media/videos/k 30. html
Special Situations • Chemical Burns – Remove the chemicals from the body ASAP. – Call EMS • Electrical Burns – The human body is a good conductor of electricity. – Electricity can make the heart and respiration stop. – Get victim to a hospital.
Summary • Caring for Wounds – Wear gloves. – Control Bleeding and minimize risk of infection. – Get victim to hospital. • Caring for Burns – Heat, chemicals and electricity will cause burns. – Wear gloves, provide initial care, get victim to a hospital.