Soft stuff hard stuff and invisible elephants Jon

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Soft stuff, hard stuff and invisible elephants Jon Dron Elephant image by Adolf Oberländer,

Soft stuff, hard stuff and invisible elephants Jon Dron Elephant image by Adolf Oberländer, from http: //de. wikisource. org/wiki/Lustige_Naturgeschichte_oder_Zoologia_comica

Questions y g o l o n w h o c h e t

Questions y g o l o n w h o c h e t d g n n a i * n r s t a n e l ? a r p s e i t t h y e c h W ch su o it b d r How should w a e e w s e d n esign re a c learning techn ologies? What are l e a rning technolo gies any way? * Brit. informal rubbish; nonsense : he thought we were going to be absolute pants.

a technology? • • • • paint stirrer murder weapon tin opener back scratcher

a technology? • • • • paint stirrer murder weapon tin opener back scratcher door-stop chisel beard curler hole punch i. Pad stand sink unblocker door handle tyre lever plant aerator paint scraper screw tightener etc. . .

a learning technology? suggestions?

a learning technology? suggestions?

do people learn better with screwdrivers or without screwdrivers?

do people learn better with screwdrivers or without screwdrivers?

do people learn better s r e t u p with screwdrivers or com

do people learn better s r e t u p with screwdrivers or com s r e t u p without screwdrivers? com

It depends on your point of view

It depends on your point of view

it ain’t what you do. . . ss/ ry_of_congre ra ib /l s to

it ain’t what you do. . . ss/ ry_of_congre ra ib /l s to o h /p kr. com / http: //www. flic /photostream n /i /o s e iz /s 6 2 21637822 /p. com r k c i l w. f //ww : p t t h h un rnell o c / otos 8 ary/3 r b i l ity ivers 554 21 set-7 / n i / 5 7301 5762 446 2140 726/ http: //c o File: AH mmons. wiki media W. org haeikir _Prof_Morit z_Vog /wiki/ che_L el eipzig_ um_19 _Matt 20. jpg . . . it’s the way that you do it

technology “the orchestration of phenomena for some use” (W. Brian Arthur) http: //www. amazon.

technology “the orchestration of phenomena for some use” (W. Brian Arthur) http: //www. amazon. com/Elephant-Orchestra-David-Soldier. Richard/dp/B 00005 B 19 H

pedagogies are technologies

pedagogies are technologies

http: //www. nosignificantdifference. org/ http: //4. bp. blogspot. com/_s. GYULzo. QCg. A/SA 6 HEWNCB

http: //www. nosignificantdifference. org/ http: //4. bp. blogspot. com/_s. GYULzo. QCg. A/SA 6 HEWNCB 5 I/AAAABe. A/FTk qbq. Dd 9 do/s 1600 -h/1964 -worlds-fair-schoolmarm. jpg http: //commons. wikimedia. org/wiki/File: AHW _Prof_Moritz_Vogel_Matthaeikirche_Leipzig _um_1920. jpg

assemblies

assemblies

Soft technologies Active orchestration of phenomena by people

Soft technologies Active orchestration of phenomena by people

Hard technologies Orchestration of phenomena embedded in the technology

Hard technologies Orchestration of phenomena embedded in the technology

Not just about machines: hard technologies can be human -embodied too http: //upload. wikimedia.

Not just about machines: hard technologies can be human -embodied too http: //upload. wikimedia. org/wikipedia/commons/4/4 f/Judge_Thumb. jpg

Hard is easy

Hard is easy

Hard is complete http: //commons. wikimedia. org/wiki/File: Linkware. jpg

Hard is complete http: //commons. wikimedia. org/wiki/File: Linkware. jpg

Hard is brittle

Hard is brittle

Soft is hard

Soft is hard

Soft is incomplete http: //commons. wikimedia. org/wiki/File: Jigsaw. svg

Soft is incomplete http: //commons. wikimedia. org/wiki/File: Jigsaw. svg

Soft is flexible

Soft is flexible

a continuum

a continuum

a dance http: //antiqueclipart. com/image. php/elephant-dancing-with-doll. html

a dance http: //antiqueclipart. com/image. php/elephant-dancing-with-doll. html

a tug-of-war http: //blog. modernmechanix. com/2008/10/24/tractor-out-pulls-elephant-in-tug-of-war/

a tug-of-war http: //blog. modernmechanix. com/2008/10/24/tractor-out-pulls-elephant-in-tug-of-war/

poor compatibility http: //www. flickr. com/photos/nationaalarchief/2948560477/sizes/o /

poor compatibility http: //www. flickr. com/photos/nationaalarchief/2948560477/sizes/o /

incompatibility

incompatibility

http: //upload. wikimedia. org/wikipedia/commons/e/ea/Filter. Funnel. Apparatus. png

http: //upload. wikimedia. org/wikipedia/commons/e/ea/Filter. Funnel. Apparatus. png

balance http: //www. flickr. com/photos/photonquantique/2596581870/sizes/l/in/photostream/

balance http: //www. flickr. com/photos/photonquantique/2596581870/sizes/l/in/photostream/

not too hard. . . not too soft. . . just right

not too hard. . . not too soft. . . just right

assembly http: //commons. wikimedia. org/wiki/File: Building-bricks_hg. jpg

assembly http: //commons. wikimedia. org/wiki/File: Building-bricks_hg. jpg

Design patterns Soft • Adapt • Aggregate • Recommend • Extend Hard • Automate

Design patterns Soft • Adapt • Aggregate • Recommend • Extend Hard • Automate • Replace • Filter • Limit

aggregating

aggregating

http: //jondron. athabascau. ca jond@athabascau. ca

http: //jondron. athabascau. ca [email protected] ca