Socialization Students will be able to define socialization

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Socialization

Socialization

§ Students will be able to: § define socialization and personality and understand explain

§ Students will be able to: § define socialization and personality and understand explain the significance of social experience to the development of personality. § define nature theory and nurture theory (inclusive f Aim: behaviorism) and explain what these theories convey about a human’s biological evolution. § explain the impact of isolation on socialization. § Explain Freud’s theory of human development, including: § Elements of Personality (basic needs – Eros & Thanatos) § Model of Personality (Id, Ego, and Superego) § Personality Development and Sublimation

§ Socialization = The lifelong social experience through which human beings develop their human

§ Socialization = The lifelong social experience through which human beings develop their human potential and learn culture; the process by which people are taught to be proficient members of a society § Human beings need to socialize (social experiences) to learn their culture and to survive § Social experiences are the foundation of personality Socialization and Personality § Helps people understand: § Non-material Culture - a society’s values, beliefs, expectations, and norms § Material Culture – the tangible objects a culture uses § Personality = a person’s pattern of acting, thinking, and feeling § Our internalization of external experiences helps personality to develop

§ Darwin’s study of evolution led to the belief that human behavior was a

§ Darwin’s study of evolution led to the belief that human behavior was a result of instinct (nature): § Genetic; determined by one’s biology § Nature Theory: Nature § Argues that people’s temperament, interests, and aptitudes are ingrained prior to birth § Ignored the impact of culture on a person’s development § Led to the belief that simple societies are less biologically evolved § Became a justification of colonialism

§ Watson’s theory of behaviorism held that behavior is learned, not instinctive § Humans

§ Watson’s theory of behaviorism held that behavior is learned, not instinctive § Humans differ not in how biologically evolved they are, Nurture but in their cultural patterns and in how they were nurtured § Nurture Theory: § How a person is cared for § The environment a person exists in § The experiences a person has

§ Certain biological traits are inherited from parents § Our personalities are mostly created

§ Certain biological traits are inherited from parents § Our personalities are mostly created by learned behaviors Nature and Nurture § How a person is raised determines whether or not inherited potential is achieved § People can recover from short-term isolation but there is a point at which isolation causes permanent and irreversible damage

Understanding Socialization Important Contributions

Understanding Socialization Important Contributions

§ 1856 -1939 § Vienna § Social belief = human behavior was biologically fixed

§ 1856 -1939 § Vienna § Social belief = human behavior was biologically fixed § Neurologist Freud § Studied personalities and personality disorders § Founder of psychoanalysis § Psychology § Conscious vs unconscious § Repressed fears § Free association/dream interpretation

§ Biology is important to human development in terms of basic needs (not instinct)

§ Biology is important to human development in terms of basic needs (not instinct) § Humans have 2 basic needs: (1) Eros (life instinct) – sexual bonding and emotional bonding (2) Thanatos (death instinct) – aggressive drive Elements of Personality § These needs demand immediate satisfaction § These needs exist on an unconscious level § These needs are in competition with one another; there is tension between the two

§ Id: Humans’ basic drive for pleasure/positive physical sensations § Manifests in self-centeredness §

§ Id: Humans’ basic drive for pleasure/positive physical sensations § Manifests in self-centeredness § Biological need § Present at birth Model of Personality § Inconsistent with the demands of society § In direct conflict with the superego § Ego: Humans’ conscious effort to balance innate, pleasure-seeking drives with the demands of society § Attempts to avoid frustration § Comes with self-awareness and understanding that we can’t always have what we want

§ Superego: The cultural values and norms internalized by individuals § Acts as a

§ Superego: The cultural values and norms internalized by individuals § Acts as a “conscience; ” reminds us why we cannot have it all § Learns morality (right vs. wrong) Model of Personality, continued … § In conflict with the Id § The journey from Id to Superego takes a person from feeling good/bad physically to feeling good/bad morally § Feeling good morally requires judging one’s behavior against social norms

§ Unresolved childhood conflicts result in personality Personality Development disorders § Sublimation – redirects

§ Unresolved childhood conflicts result in personality Personality Development disorders § Sublimation – redirects selfish drives into socially acceptable behavior

§ Reflection: § What social experiences shaped the development of your personality? Homework §

§ Reflection: § What social experiences shaped the development of your personality? Homework § What biological traits have you inherited from your parents? § Describe one instance that occurred today during which your Id was in direct conflict with your Superego.