SOCIAL SCIENCE III FEUDALISM FEUDALISM BACKGROUND SOCIAL PYRAMID

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SOCIAL SCIENCE III FEUDALISM

SOCIAL SCIENCE III FEUDALISM

FEUDALISM �BACKGROUND �SOCIAL PYRAMID �MANORIALISM �KNIGHTS AND CHIVALRY

FEUDALISM �BACKGROUND �SOCIAL PYRAMID �MANORIALISM �KNIGHTS AND CHIVALRY

BACKGROUND � Widespread disorder � Suffering � Western Europeans VIKINGS MUSLIMS MAGYARS MEDIEVAL EUROPE

BACKGROUND � Widespread disorder � Suffering � Western Europeans VIKINGS MUSLIMS MAGYARS MEDIEVAL EUROPE lived in constant danger � People no longer trusted a central ruler for security. Leaders who could fight the invaders attracted followers and gained political strength

FEUDALISM � ROLLO � CHARLES THE SIMPLE Head of a Viking Army King of

FEUDALISM � ROLLO � CHARLES THE SIMPLE Head of a Viking Army King of France Plundered the rich Seine Held little power. River valley for years.

FEUDALISM �Feudalism is a system of governing and landholding that emerged in Europe, China,

FEUDALISM �Feudalism is a system of governing and landholding that emerged in Europe, China, and Japan. China – Zhou dynasty Japan- 1192 until the end of the 19 th century. �Depended on the control of the land. �Feudalism is based primarily on mutual obligations. Lord, fief, vassal

FEUDAL SOCIETY PYRAMID

FEUDAL SOCIETY PYRAMID

MANOR

MANOR

FEUDALISM: ECONOMIC SIDE �Manors Lords’s estates Self-sufficient communities Rested on the set of rights

FEUDALISM: ECONOMIC SIDE �Manors Lords’s estates Self-sufficient communities Rested on the set of rights and obligations between a lord and his serfs. ▪ ▪ ▪ HOUSING GIVING OF STRIPS OF FARMLAND PROTECTION TENDED THE LANDS CARED FOR THE ANIMALS PERFORMED TASKS TO MAINTAIN THE ESTATE

HARSH LIFE IN THE MANOR Pliers Plowman by William Langland 1362 �Serfs endured the

HARSH LIFE IN THE MANOR Pliers Plowman by William Langland 1362 �Serfs endured the harshness of their condition for they believed that God determined a person’s place in society.

HARSH LIFE IN THE MANOR Pliers Plowman by William Langland 1362 � “What by

HARSH LIFE IN THE MANOR Pliers Plowman by William Langland 1362 � “What by spinning they save, they spend it in house-hire, � Both in milk and in meal to make a mess of porridge, � To cheer up their children who chafe for their food, � And they themselves suffer surely much hunger, � And woe in the winter, with waking at nights � And rising to rock an oft restless cradle. ” � Serfs endured the harshness of their condition for they believed that God determined a person’s place in society.

KNIGHTS AND CHIVALRY �BACKGROUND: Western Europe saw a number of warring nobles vying for

KNIGHTS AND CHIVALRY �BACKGROUND: Western Europe saw a number of warring nobles vying for power or supremacy. Feudal Lords + private armies = PROTECTION Knights were rewarded with fiefs in exchange of the protection

HOW TO BECOME A KNIGHT � FIRST : PAGE Starts usually at the age

HOW TO BECOME A KNIGHT � FIRST : PAGE Starts usually at the age 0 f 7 Parents sending him off to the � castle of another lord Waited on his hosts; learned courtly manners Learn war strategies Develop fighting skills: SWORDPLAY/SWORD FIGHTING SECOND: SQUIRE Acted as a servant to a knight Normally starts at the age of 14 Took care of the weapons, armor, warhorse, Escorted knights to battles � THIRD: KNIGHT At around 21 “In the name of God, St. Michael, and St. George, I dub thee knight. Be valiant!”

WHAT IS CHIVALRY? �Chivalry A complex set of ideals which demanded the knight to

WHAT IS CHIVALRY? �Chivalry A complex set of ideals which demanded the knight to BRAVELY DEFEND HIS THREE MASTERS (feudal lord, heavenly Lord, chosen lady). Being loyal, brave, and courteous Cowardly knight – faced public shame (a mock funeral service usually was done to these knights)

IN SUMMARY…

IN SUMMARY…

ASSIGNMENT �Write a 5 -line song on either of the following themes: happiness, heartbreaks,

ASSIGNMENT �Write a 5 -line song on either of the following themes: happiness, heartbreaks, devoted or unfaithful lovers, trust, and jealousy. Random calling. Be prepared to share in class.