- Slides: 13
SOCIAL , POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC IMPACT THE SOCIAL , POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC IMPACT OF IMMIGRATION , ASSIMILATION AND MULTICULTURALISM
SOCIAL , POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC IMPACTS • Topic to be covered over two lessons • Learning Intentions • Describe how governmental policies impact multiculturalism in Australia society • Explain the difference between policies of assimilation and multiculturalism
TYPES OF POLICIES THAT GOVERN AUSTRALIA • Assimilation Policy • Multiculturalism Policy Old & New • Migration Program • Humanitarian Program • Special Humanitarian Program ( Onshore and Offshore) • Australian Migration Act 1958 • Immigration Policy
HISTORICAL GOVERNMENT POLICIES ON IMMIGRATION ASSIMILATION POLICY • Assimilation - To ensure this was achieved the government established programs to help migrants find work , accommodation and to learn the English language. • Ethnicity was discouraged within the workplace and the local community • The focus was placed on absorbing students into Australia culture • Migrants were encouraged to marry Australians to address the issues of loneliness and isolation.
BONEGILLA MIGRANT RECEPTION CENTRE
WHY THE MULTICULTURALISM POLICY WAS FORMED • The Multiculturalism policy occurred due to the continued segregation migrants were facing in society this included within the workplace. • In time the multiculturalism policy was updated to reflect the changing face of Australia’s population. • Australia was becoming populated with all types of migrants and being filled with different cultures. • Eventually the government updated the policy to reflect what we know of it today.
CURRENT MULTICULTURALISM POLICY • RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES • Citizens to Australia pledge their loyalty to Australia and its people , uphold the laws and democracy and respect the rights and liberties of others. These rights and liberties include the right to celebrate , practice and maintain their cultural heritage , traditions , and language within the law and free from discrimination.
AUSTRALIA’S TYPES OF IMMIGRATION PROGRAMS • Migration program • The migration program accepts skilled migrants to live in Australia • The migrants are selected under the program in three ways • Skilled in a profession or trade • Family in Australia or who are Australian • Special eligibility • Humanitarian program • This program offers resettlement to refugees and to “others in humanitarian need • These individuals must have suffered discrimination or a serious violation of their basic human right • The humanitarian program is divided into streams onshore or off shore
SPECIAL HUMANITARIAN PROGRAM • Onshore • Offshore • Onshore refugees are already residing in Australia when they apply for protection ( e. g asylum seekers who arrive by plane or boat) • Offshore refugees must be living outside their country and have a prosperer in Australia who covers their material needs. • They are not technically refugees , however, they have had similar experiences to the onshore refugees
AUSTRALIAN MIGRATION ACT 1958 AND TODAY • Asylum seekers who are also known as onshore refugees are usually detained in centers in the remote parts of Australia. • Spending months sometimes years in these centers before their status is established • These people do not have the visas for them to arrive or stay in Australia • Refugees that arrive by plane are 30 -40 % more likely in their application for protection that those who arrive by boats where 90 -95 % are usually rejected.
OPERATION SOVEREIGN BORDERS In 2013 the Liberal government introduced an immigration policy known as Operation Sovereign Borders with it’s aim to stop Asylum seekers from reaching Australia by boat. Boats that were intercepted are turned back. This policy may have been in response to the Tampa Saga In 2001 a boat carrying 343 people started to sink. The asylum seekers were rescued by a Norwegian freightliner HMV Tampa. Prime Minister John Howard at the time famously said “ we will decide who arrives in this country and how they arrive”. These famous words led to the coalition winning the election in 2001.
ACTIVITY 1 – WATCH VIDEO OF THE TAMPA SAGA • Why the Australian government said “no “ to the arrival of the Tampa ? • https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=3 c_ph. Jsx 1 NE
RESULTS OF THE TAMPA SAGA • https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=1 EDjr. NOEC 20 • What happened to the Asylum seekers who were denied entry in Australia ? • What did they do with their lives ? • Where did they go? • How did they resettle? • When did they finally settle? • Why do they feel such gratitude to their new home ? • In your opinion what message does this portray to the world about Australia and it’s government ? • In your opinion was this the right decision for the Australian Government?