- Slides: 108
SLAVERY IN THE COLONIES
AMERICAN ARRIVAL When African slaves were brought to North America ( aka…the Original 13 British colonies) , they were: 1. broken apart from their families & members of the same tribe. 2. given Christian/English names 3. prepared for sale and auctioned off.
YOUTUBE Slavery Slave Auction………. . 4: 27 Roots Auction…………. . 2: 09 Roots: how slaves were named? ……. 1: 03
AMERICAN ARRIVAL The African slaves were then sent to various parts of the colonies to perform hard manual labor. Work and treatment varied according to where the slaves were sent.
SOUTHERN REGION Georgia * South Carolina North Carolina Virginia Maryland
SOUTHERN REGION More slaves lived in the South than in any other region. Slaves worked on farming estates called plantations. Slaves lived in overcrowded cabins.
SOUTHERN REGION Owners hired “overseers” to mange slave production. They were often poor white immigrants. The major cash crops were: cotton, rice, tobacco, and indigo.
SOUTHERN REGION Slaves were often: Whipped Raped Castrated/maimed as a means of control
YOUTube Clip from Roots: Breaking Kunta Kinte …… 2: 03 Field Slaves (Uncensored)……… 3: 20
SOUTHERN REGION The majority of slaves worked in the fields but SOME worked in the house for the slave-owner. THIS CAUSED MUCH TENSION & ANIMOSITY BETWEEN THE SLAVES
house slave vs field slave Worked as nannies to raise the children worked for up to 18 hours in the fields Worked as maids and cooks for the master often had no shoes Worked as butlers to serve guest Had to provide evidence of how much work was done
Southern region. . MYTH…. All house slaves were light skin and all field slaves were darkskin.
You. TUBE VERY FUNNYSamuel L Jackson in Django Unchained………. 2: 20
Slave food? While house slaves mainly ate leftovers from the master ; the field slaves created dishes from the leftover scraps of the animals used.
SOUTHERN REGION THESE DISHES ARE STILL VERY POPULAR WITHIN THE AFRICAN AMERICAN CULTURE THE Y CALL IT “SOUL FOOD”
SOUTHERN REGION FOOD PIG/HOG
SOUTHERN REGION FOOD CHICKEN (Scraps)
SOUTHERN REGION FOOD COW/OX (scraps)
Southern Slave Culture ALL OF THESE DISHES (and several MORE unhealthy eating practices) WERE PASSED DOWN THROUGH FAMILY GENERATIONS FROM THE AFRICAN SLAVES UP TO TODAY.
MESSAGE !!!!!!!! Distribute handout
SLAVE MARRIAGE Slaves were encouraged to be married because it would make them less likely to run away. Slave marriages however WERE NOT official or legal. They were more so committed relationships. The traditional “broom jumping” is STILL practiced by African Americans to THIS very day.
NO LITERACY!!!! SLAVES were not permitted to know how to read and write. If they were caught trying to learn, they could be severely punished. However, some found ways to LEARN anyway!!!
FREDERICK DOUGLASS Born into slavery, but managed to become literate on his own and wrote THREE autobiographies.
FREDERICK DOUGLASS CHOSE his OWN birthday because it was unknown to him; as well as all other slaves. He CHOSE the NAME Douglass after a character in a book he read while he was free.
FREDERICK DOUGLASS ABOLITIONIST INFORMED NORTHERNERS ON HOW WICKED SLAVERY REALLY WAS IN THE SOUTH. BECAME SUCH A GOOD ORATOR THAT MANY DOUBTED THAT HE WAS A SLAVE AT ALL
FREDERICK DOUGLASS Not only fought for equal rights of African Americans, but was also very active in supporting women’s suffrage.
FREDERICK DOUGLASS QUOTE # 1 “I WOULD UNITE WITH ANYBODY TO DO RIGHT AND WITH NOBODY TO DO WRONG. ”
FREDERICK DOUGLASS QUOTE # 2 If there is no struggle, there is no progress.
YOUR STRUGGLE WHAT ARE YOU HAVING A DIFFICULT TIME WITH IN YOUR LIFE? WHAT ISSUE HAVE YOU OVERCOME OR GOTTEN PAST IN YOUR LIFE ?
STRUGGLES WEIGHT ISSUES RELATIONSHIP ISSUES FAMILY PROBLEMS MONEY PROBLEMS DEATH OF A VERY CLOSE ONE GRADES OR ACADEMICS ABUSE/NEGLECT HOMELESSNESS LONELINESS/ DEPRESSION
MIDDLE COLONIES Delaware Pennsylvania New Jersey New York
MIDDLE COLONIES Slaves in this region were skilled in various trades. Slaves worked in factories and did construction instead of being in fields. Slaves had more rights than those in the South and some were set free after serving a certain time.
MIDDLE COLONIES Skilled slaves in the middle colonies worked in masonry Masonry- shaping and placing stones for buildings
MIDDLE COLONIES Skilled slaves in the middle colonies worked as glaziers- shapes and places glass foe windows on buildings
MIDDLE COLONIES Skilled slaves in the middle colonies worked as shipwrights. Shipwrights – build ships
GOLDSMITHS Slaves in the middle colonies worked as goldsmiths- shape and cut gold for jewelry.
MIDDLE COLONIES Even though slaves in the middle colonies did not work in the fields and face brutal beatings as the slaves in the south; they were STILL mistreated and worked very hard.
MIDDLE COLONIES In 1991 skeletal remains of slaves were found deep under the ground in New York City by construction workers. Forensic scientists concluded that the slaves had been worked to death.
Read the articles about the African Burial Ground.
NEW ENGLAND COLONIES
NEW ENGLAND COLONIES New Hampshire Massachusetts (in 2 areas) Rhode Island Connecticut
NEW ENGLAND COLONIES Blacks had more rights and were able to move about freely and participate in community events.
NEW ENGLAND COLONIES White abolitionists, Pilgrims/Quakers were sympathetic to the black slaves and gave help by providing hiding places and writing anti-slavery articles & books.
WILLIAM LLOYD GARRISON From Massachusetts called for the IMMEDIATE emancipation of slaves founder of American Anti-Slavery Society Editor of newspaper called The Liberator
HARRIET BEECHER STOWE From Connecticut Author of the popular book Uncle Tom’s Cabin which revealed the brutality of slavery. Her book was hated by slave-owners and banned in the South
JOHN BROWN From Connecticut Called for the abolishment of slavery through violence and killing of slave-owners. Was hanged to death after leading an unsuccessful raid.
FUGITIVE SLAVE LAW Blacks were NOT COMPLETELY SAFE in the New England Colonies. Federal Law required ANY runaway slave (found in northern states) BE RETURNED to the south and placed back into slavery.
JUST IMAGINE…. Suppose you were mistreated, abused, and held captive by your guardian BUT you managed to runaway to an area that they can’t find you. BUT… People around you want to take you back, so they can get reward money.
OR IMAGINE you were already living as a FREE Black man/woman in the North BUT…… Someone wants to earn reward money and kidnaps you in hopes to hand you over to the law