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Simple present / Present simple
e present or Present simple. Simpl � The simple present or present simple is one of the verb forms associated with the present tense in modern English. � It is called "simple" because its basic form consists of a single word (like write or writes), in contrast with other present tense forms such as the present progressive (is writing) and present perfect (has written). For nearly all English verbs the simple present is identical to the base form (dictionary form) of the verb, except when the subject is third-person singular, in which case the ending -(e)s is added.
�There a few verbs with irregular forms, the most notable is “be”, which has the simple present forms am, is and are. When do we use it?
�First, we use the Present Simple when something is generally true: The sun rises in the east. People need food. It snows in winter. The sky isn't green. Plants die without water. Two and two make four.
�The next use is for habits or things that we do regularly. We often use adverbs of frequency in this case. I play tennis every Tuesday. We often go to the cinema. She gets up at seven o'clock every day. At the weekend, we usually go to the market. How often do you study English? I don't travel very often.
�we use the simple present to talk about what happens in books, plays, or films: -The hero dies at the end of the film. -A young woman travels through Europe, where she meets different people, and finally falls in love. -In this book, an army invades Britain. -The main character is very pretty and works in a bookshop.
�We use it in the first and the zero conditionals: -If it rains, I won't come. -If you heat water to 100 degrees, it boils.
�Strangely, we can use this tense to talk about the future. When you are discussing a timetable or a fixed plan, you can use this tense. Usually, the timetable is fixed by an organization, not by us: -School begins at nine tomorrow. -Our train leaves at eleven. -What time does the film start? -The plane doesn't arrive at seven, it arrives at seven thirty. -When does the class finish?
�We also use it to talk about the future after words like ' 'when', 'until', 'after', 'before' and 'as soon as' in a future sentence: -I won't go out until it stops raining. -She'll come as soon as her babysitter arrives. -I'm going to make dinner after I watch the news. -I'll give you the book before you go.
Simple Present through situations.
What am I doing now? -Reading. a) I am reading a book at the moment. b) I read a book every week.
Simple present or present simple, and present continuous or progressive What's the difference between the Present Simple / Present Continuous and how to use them.
We use the present simple tense when we want to talk about fixed habits or routines – things that don’t change. We use the present continuous to talk about actions which are happening at the present moment, but will soon finish.
- I surf. - I’m surfing
(present simple) I play tennis. (present continuous) I am playing tennis.
(present simple/ simple present) ‘I play tennis’ tells us that playing tennis is something the speaker always does. It is part of a routine or habit. We can call this a permanent situation. (present continuous/ progressive) ‘I am playing tennis’ tells us that the speaker is playing tennis right now. Soon the game will be over. We call this a temporary situation.
With the present simple we use frequency adverbs: Adverbs of frequency tell us how often something happens. There are lots of them. Here are some examples: Always Usually Occasionally Infrequently Mostly Typically Constantly Sporadically Never Normally Predominantly Intermittently Sometimes Commonly Largely Chiefly Often Generally Regularly Spasmodically Rarely Habitually Seldom Yearly
Frequency adverbs we use with simple presentences. Notice that the adverb usually, comes before the main verb in the sentence: If the sentence has one verb in it, we usually put the adverb in the middle of the sentence, after the subject and before the verb: a) ‘Her sister often comes shopping with us. ’ b) ‘Michael frequently visits his family. ’ c) ‘You sometimes go to the gym, don’t you? ’ d) ‘Japanese people never wear shoes inside. ’ e) ‘They seldom ask for help. ’
When using adverbs of frequency in the question form, put the adverb before the main verb. Auxiliary verb Subject Adverb Verb Predicate Do you often go To the cinema? When using adverbs of frequency in the negative form, put the adverb before the main verb. Subject Auxiliary verb Adverb Verb Predicate They Don’t often go To the cinema
Exceptions: When the adverb doesn’t go before the verb and it goes after the verb. The adverb usually comes after the verb "be": Subject Verb Adverb Predicate Tom is often late. Anne Isn’t usually late. This is not the case if we put the adverb at the beginning or end of the sentence for emphasis. Speaker A: Is she usually on time? Speaker A: Yes, she usually is.
The rule is broken in other cases too If the sentence has more than one verb in it, we usually put the adverb after the first part of the verb: Subject Verb 1 Adverb Verb 2 Predicate I can never remember his name. The children have often complained Exception: In sentences with "have to“ Subject Adverb Verb 1 Verb 2 Predicate We often Have to wait for the bus.
For emphasis we can put the adverb at the beginning or end of the sentence. At the end is unusual - we usually only put it there when we have forgotten to put it in earlier. Adverb Subject Verb Predicate Sometimes we go to school by bus. Subject Verb Predicate Adverb We go to chool by bus, sometimes.
Conclusion When teaching the Present Simple the ultimate goal is to make sure your students understand that it’s used to describe routines, habits, daily activities, and general truths. Also important is the contrast between the Present Simple and the Present Progressive.