Simple Past tense Use The past simple is
- Slides: 17
Simple Past tense
Use: The past simple is used to express a finished action in the past. Examples: We played tennis last Sunday. I worked in London from 1984 to 1989. John left two minutes ago. The past tense is often used with time past expressions like: last year, last month, five years ago, yesterday morning, in 1945.
Form. The form of the past simple is the same for all persons. Positive: The positive of regular verbs end in ed. Examples: live - lived want - wanted walk - walked use - used n
There are many common irregular verbs: Examples: be hit eat grow make break go take see is are begin bring fall - hit ate grew made broke went took saw was were began brought fell
build - built buy - bought fly - flew find - found drink - drank feel - felt give - gave hurt - hurt leave - left read - read run - ran sing - sang swim - swam teach - taught win - won write - wrote
Negative: The negative of the Past Simple is formed with didn’t. Example: He walked. He didn’t walk. I did my homework. I didn’t do my homework.
Questions: The question in the Past Simple is formed with did. Example: Did you go to work yesterday? Yes, I did. No, I didn’t When did she arrive? She arrived yesterday
Exercises Complete the sentences. Use the past tense of the verbs. Dinosaurs ____ (walk) the earth for over 165 million years during the Mesozoic Era. There were lots of different kind of dinosaurs that ____ (live) at different times. Most dinosaurs were plant eaters. They _______ (eat) plants. Some dinosaurs _______ (have) horns, crests or spikes. The dinosaurs ______ (go) extinct about 65 million years ago.
Write negative sentences. Some dinosaurs ate plants. ________________ Triceratops walked on two legs. ________________ Dinosaurs lived during the Cenozoic Era. ________________ Apatosaurus had a big head. ________________ Tyrannosaurus rex used its long teeth to eat plants. ________________ Some dinosaurs grew to be bigger than houses. ________________
Finish the story. go take see take say look live Some people say that Loch Ness, a lake in Scotland, has dinosaurs living in it. One man ______ a walk by the lake. Suddenly, a large brown animal appeared in the water. As it ______ under the water, he ______ a hump on its back. Other people also saw the monster in the lake. It ______ like a dinosaur with big fins. Some people ______ the monster was a plesiosaurus. Plesiosauruses last ______ on Earth 150 million years ago! Nobody really knows what is in the lake. But people wonder, could it be a dinosaur?
Read. (comp) 1. 2. 3. 4. Tyrannosaurus rex used its long, sharp teeth to ate other dinosaurs. T Rex was big, but Apatosaurus grew even bigger. (15 meters long; died out 64 million years ago). Apatosaurus was longer and taller than most other dinosaurs. Its huge size protected it as it ate plants and tree leaves. (21 meters long; died out 138 million years ago) The stegosaurus protected itself with spikes on its tail and large bony plates on its back. Stegosaurus had small teeth and ate only plants. (6 meters long; died out 140 million years ago) Triceratops protected itself with three sharp horns o its head. Like the Apatosaurus, it ate plants. It was smaller than T-rex but bigger than Stegosaurus. (9 meters long; died out 64 million years ago)
List the dinosaurs in order of size, from smallest to tallest. 1. ___________ 2. ___________ 3. ___________ 4. ___________ Listen. Fill in the blanks. Bill and Dean just saw the movie Dinosaur Park. Write about the dinosaur. Dinosaur How long it was What it ate When it How it died out protected itself
Question words n n n n Where when what Why Where: Is used to ask a question about a place When Is used to ask a question about time What Is used to ask a question about a thing How long helps you ask about the legth of something. How much helps us about the weight of something Why is used to ask about a reason
Examples: n n What does the panda eat? The panda eats bamboo. When did dinosaurs live? Dinosaurs lived more than 65 million years ago Where does the panda live? The panda lives in China How long is a blue whale? A blue whale is longer than any dinosaur
Write questions _________________ Leatherback turtles come on land to lay their eggs n _________________ Today Przewalski’s horses live only in zoos. n _________________ The giant armadillo grows up to 5 feet (1. 5 m) in lenght and weighs up to 121 pounds (55 kg) n
Examples: Why did Pyrenean ibex die out? They died out because people hunted them too much n Why are Asian lions endangered? They’re endangered because people are moving into their habitat. n
Write answers Why did dinosaurs die out? _________________ n Why are Komodo dragons endangered? _________________ n Why are giant pandas endangered? _________________ n