- Slides: 6
Sexually Transmitted Diseases Presented by the Oklahoma State Department of Health
What is an STD? an infection that can be transmitted through sexual contact with an infected individual. They are sometimes called sexually transmitted infections (STIs). 1 STDs can be transmitted many different ways, but most can be passed by: • • • Vaginal sex Anal sex Oral sex Skin-to-skin contact Infected Mother to child
Why Is This Important? Often no signs or symptoms 20 million new infections every year in the United States. 2 People are unaware of infection, and don’t receive treatment. Long-term damage More than 1/2 of all people will have an STD at some point in their lifetime. 3 May have passed infection to others
Why is this Important TO YOU? Young people are heavily affected by STDs. Youth & Chlamydia in the U. S. (2013) 4 Youth & Gonorrhea in the U. S. (2013) 5 22% 33% 28% 15 -19 yrs. 20 -24 yrs. 39% Other 44% 15 -19 yrs. 20 -24 yrs. 34% Other
Are STDs curable? Curable Not Curable Antibiotics can cure bacterial STDs: Treatment can improve the lives of many people living with viral STDs: § Chlamydia § Gonorrhea* § Syphilis § Trichomoniasis § HIV § Herpes § HPV § Hepatitis B
Antibiotics can cure bacterial STDs… but not always the long-term damage.