Seven Deadly Sins By C. Wallace
Seven Deadly Sins n n n Also known as the capital vices or cardinal sins They were enumerated in their present form by Thomas Aquinas in the 13 th century. They were first derived from the eight evil thoughts as described by Greek monastic theologian Evagrius of Pontus.
Eight Thoughts of Evil n n n n Gluttony Fornication Love of Money Discontent Anger Despondency Vainglory Pride
From Eight to Seven n n St. John Cassian in his “Conferences” describes the eight principal vices as gluttony, fornication, avarice, anger, sadness, acedia (anxiety), vainglory, and pride. It was not until the 6 th century that St. Gregory the Great (then Pope Gregory I) described the seven sins in his Moralia in Job.
Ranking of Sins n n St. Gregory the Great ranked the sins in seriousness based on the degree from which they offended against love. It was from least serious to most: Lust n Gluttony n Sadness (would later be replaced by sloth) n Avarice n Anger n Envy n Pride n
The Seven Deadly Sins (present day) n n n n Lust Gluttony Greed Sloth Wrath Envy Pride (the worst)
Each sin… n n Is a particular way of failing to love God with all one’s resources and to love fellows as much as self. In 1589, Peter Binsfeld paired each of the deadly sins with a demon who tempted people by means of the associated sin.
Lust n n Deals with fornication Unlawful sexual desire Desiring relations with someone outside of marriage. Demon: Asmodeus
Gluttony n n n Wasting of food either through overindulgence in food, drink or intoxicants Misplaced desire for food for its sensuality Withholding food from the needy Dante: Excessive love of pleasure Demon: Beelzebub (lord of flies)
Greed n n A desire to possess more than one has need or use for (avarice) Demon: Mammon
Sloth n n n Laziness Idleness and wastefulness of time allotted It is condemned because Others have to work harder n You are putting off what God wants you to do or not doing it at all n It is disadvantageous for oneself because useful work does not get done n It is like gluttony, a sin of waste n Demon: Belphegor n
Wrath n n n Inappropriate (unrighteous) feelings of hatred, revenge or even denial, as well as punitive desires outside of justice Anger and hate Demon: Satan
Envy n n n Jealousy Resentment of others for their possessions Demon: Leviathan
Pride n n Vanity, Narcissism A desire to be important or attractive to others or excessive love of self Demon: Lucifer The worst of the 7 sins
Opposite of the Sins: 7 Virtues n Chastity Moderation Charity Zeal Meekness Generosity Humility n Source Information: http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Seven_deadly_sins n n n