Settlements GRADE 8 SS Settlements What is a

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Settlements GRADE 8 SS

Settlements GRADE 8 SS

Settlements • What is a settlement? • A settlement is a place where people

Settlements • What is a settlement? • A settlement is a place where people live. A settlement could be anything from an isolated farmhouse to a mega city (settlement with over 10 million people). • Settlements can either be temporary or permanent. Temporary settlements include things such as refugee camps. Some temporary settlements have become permanent over time such as the Rochina, the largest favela in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. • The reason why a settlement developed in the first place is said to be its function. For example the function of Liverpool was as a port.

Settlement • What do we mean by site and situation of a settlement? •

Settlement • What do we mean by site and situation of a settlement? • The site and situation of a settlement are very different things. The site of a settlement is the land upon which it was built. There a range of factors that can determine the site of a settlement. These are: • • • wet point site - these are sites close to a supply of water dry point site - these are sites that avoided the risk of flooding defensive site - these were sites that were on high ground allowed the inhabitants to see enemies from a distance aspect - many settlements in the northern hemisphere are located on south facing sides of valleys where it is sunny shelter - away from rain and prevailing winds trading point - often settlements developed where natural training points meet such as along rivers or natural route ways resources - many settlements developed close to where natural resources could be found. The situation of a settlement is its location in relation to surrounding human and physical features. We usually describe the situation when we are telling someone where a settlement is • • •

Settlement • • What is a settlement? -it's a piece of land where a

Settlement • • What is a settlement? -it's a piece of land where a community is established • • How are settlements classified? -permanent, built with bricks temporary, people waiting for houses, building of corrugated iron sheets nomads, people who stay in one place for a short time • • Which countries still have nomadic settlements? Sudan and Somalia

Zone types • • What types of lands / zones are found in urban

Zone types • • What types of lands / zones are found in urban settlements? Zone types: Central Business District - CBD zones for lights and Heavy industries residential areas Shopping Centers Services and Recreation • • • How is the CBD characterized? -lot of buildings in a small area traffic congestion, many people work there -how land value -how buildings and built close to each other

Name 3 types of residential areas? -high income -middle income -low income

Name 3 types of residential areas? -high income -middle income -low income

Residential • • Describe high income residential areas? -large houses and gardens excellent infrastructure

Residential • • Describe high income residential areas? -large houses and gardens excellent infrastructure -high quality service provider easy access to transport routes • What are the characteristics of middleincome residential areas? • • houses on medium-sized plots apartment blocks, duplexes area near city center older people live here What are the characteristics of low-income neighborhoods / cheap housing-higher density- Poor infrastructure and service deliveryborder with factory and industrial areaeg townships and informal settlements

Name the types of rural settlements? farming settlements mining settlements forestry settlements fishery settlements

Name the types of rural settlements? farming settlements mining settlements forestry settlements fishery settlements

What resources are needed for farming settlements? -Fertile soil and water Do the characteristics

What resources are needed for farming settlements? -Fertile soil and water Do the characteristics of a rural farm give settlement? -large piece of land on which crops are grown farmhouse, barn, windmill river or more Which farmers are included in rural farming? subsistence farmers, eat their own food small-scale farmers, sell what's left commercial farmers, produce on a large scale

Where are rural mining settlements located? -near mining areas Give the characteristics of large-scale

Where are rural mining settlements located? -near mining areas Give the characteristics of large-scale rural mining settlements? mine shafts machinery equipment What is a small-scale rural mining settlement? miners sell their mine for money and food What are the characteristics of these mining settlements? infrastructure is weak -no tools and equipment

Where are forestry settlements found? forest plantations Give the characteristics of forestry settlements? forest

Where are forestry settlements found? forest plantations Give the characteristics of forestry settlements? forest office parking spaces residences railway

Where does rural fishing settlement occur? -by the coast -along more eg. Lake Malawi

Where does rural fishing settlement occur? -by the coast -along more eg. Lake Malawi they export fish Characteristics of the rural fishing settlement? common water supply fish processing -marketing -repairing boats