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SIMPLE SENTENCES • Simple sentences have one independent clause. • An independent clause is a clause that can stand alone. • An independent clause is a complete thought. It is a sentence.
SIMPLE SENTENCES • Subject | Predicate • The dancer | sat on the pie. • The flower and the pumpkin | have blown away. • That Max likes cucumbers | surprises his mother. • Dancing | is my favorite exercise.
More Examples of Simple Sentences • Josh laughed. • The hairstylist gave Maryann a new look. • Ernie has volunteered to organize the recycling program. • Throughout history, people have invented and used a variety of weapons. • The elderly man walked to his house. • REMEMBER: S + V = Simple Sentence
Compound Sentences • A compound sentence has two or more independent clauses. • Each independent clause can be a complete sentence on its own. • Independent clauses are joined by linking words – conjunctions.
CONJUNCTIONS • Conjunctions connect independent clauses. • One type of conjunction is called a coordinating conjunction. • FANBOYS – – – – For And Nor But Or Yet So
Examples of Compound Sentences • The whistle blew, the drums rolled, and the crowd cheered. (S+V) • Albert led half the way, and then Jared took the lead. • My mother usually cooks tacos for dinner once a week, and she makes the best tacos in the world. • S + V + S + V = Compound Sentence.
COMPLEX SENTENCES • Complex Sentence: A sentence with one independent clause and at least one dependent clause. • After Mary added up all the sales, she discovered that the lemonade stand was 32 cents short.
COMPOUND COMPLEX SENTENCES • Complex-Compound Sentence: A sentence with multiple independent clauses and at least one dependent clause. • Catch-22 is widely regarded as Joseph Heller's best novel, and because Heller served in World War II, which the novel satirizes*, the zany but savage wit of the novel packs an extra punch. – *a relative pronoun