Section Four the Flower Part One Makeup and

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Section Four the Flower

Section Four the Flower

Part One Makeup and Shape v Definition The flower is a abnormal short shoot.

Part One Makeup and Shape v Definition The flower is a abnormal short shoot. v Physiological Function through blossom out and pollination , than raise up seed.

Medicinal Values v For example , Flos Carthami(红花) , Flos Caryophylli(丁香) , Flos Chrysanthemi(菊花)

Medicinal Values v For example , Flos Carthami(红花) , Flos Caryophylli(丁香) , Flos Chrysanthemi(菊花) Flos Lonicerae(金银花) , Flos Mgnoliae(辛夷 ) , Pollen Pini(松花粉), Stigma Croci(番红花) and etc.

Flos Carthami Flos Lonicerae Flos Caryophylli Flos Chrysanthemi Flos Mgnoliae

Flos Carthami Flos Lonicerae Flos Caryophylli Flos Chrysanthemi Flos Mgnoliae

Ornamental Values Paeonia ostii Lanhua Tanhua

Ornamental Values Paeonia ostii Lanhua Tanhua

Composing of Flower 1. Corolla 2. Anther 3. Filament 4. Stigma 5. Style 6.

Composing of Flower 1. Corolla 2. Anther 3. Filament 4. Stigma 5. Style 6. Ovary 7. Receptacle 8. Calyx 9. pedicel

The composing of Flower

The composing of Flower

1. Composition ★Pedicel ★Receptacle ★Perianth   calyx    corolla

1. Composition ★Pedicel ★Receptacle ★Perianth   calyx    corolla

the Types of Corolla ☆cruciferous corolla ☆papilionaceous ~ ☆labiate ~ ☆tubular ~ ☆ligulate ~

the Types of Corolla ☆cruciferous corolla ☆papilionaceous ~ ☆labiate ~ ☆tubular ~ ☆ligulate ~ ☆funnel-shaped ~ ☆Campanulate ~ ☆urceolate ~ ☆salver-shaped ~ ☆rotate~

Types of Corolla 1. cruciferous corolla 2. papilionaceous ~ 3. labiate ~ 4. tubular

Types of Corolla 1. cruciferous corolla 2. papilionaceous ~ 3. labiate ~ 4. tubular ~ and ligulate ~ 5. funnel-shaped ~ 6. Campanulate ~ 7. rotate~ 8. salver-shaped ~

v ★androecium filament anther v v v v distinct stamen didynamous ~ tetradynamous ~

v ★androecium filament anther v v v v distinct stamen didynamous ~ tetradynamous ~ monadelphous ~ Types diadelphous ~ polyadelphous ~ syngenesious ~

Type of Stamen 1. Monadelphous stamen 2. Diadelphous stamen 3. Didynamous stamen 4. Tetradynamous

Type of Stamen 1. Monadelphous stamen 2. Diadelphous stamen 3. Didynamous stamen 4. Tetradynamous stamen 5. Polyadelphous stamen 6. Syngenesious stamen

Type of Stamen 1. Didynamous stamen 2. Polyadelphous stamen 3. Monadelphous stamen 4. Synantherous

Type of Stamen 1. Didynamous stamen 2. Polyadelphous stamen 3. Monadelphous stamen 4. Synantherous stamen 5. Diadelphous stamen 6. Tetradynamous stamen

v ★gynoecium v v v Types: v stigma style ovary simple pistil compound pistil

v ★gynoecium v v v Types: v stigma style ovary simple pistil compound pistil

Type of Pistil 1. Simple pistil 2. syncarpous pistil 3. syncarpous pistil 4. simple

Type of Pistil 1. Simple pistil 2. syncarpous pistil 3. syncarpous pistil 4. simple pistil 5. apocarpous pistil

v Ovary v v flower) superior ovary(hypogynous flower) inferior ovary(epigynous flower) half-inferior ovary(perigynous

v Ovary v v flower) superior ovary(hypogynous flower) inferior ovary(epigynous flower) half-inferior ovary(perigynous

Part Two Type of Flower v ★complete v ★double flower, incomplete flower perianth flower,

Part Two Type of Flower v ★complete v ★double flower, incomplete flower perianth flower, simple ~,naked ~ v ★bisexual flower, unisexual ~, monoecism , dioecism, asexual ~ v ★actinomorphic , asymmetric ~ flower, zygomorphic ~

Type of Flower Ⅰ. naked flower Ⅱ. Simple flower Ⅲ. double perianth flowewr 1.

Type of Flower Ⅰ. naked flower Ⅱ. Simple flower Ⅲ. double perianth flowewr 1. Bract 2. calyx 3. corolla

Type of Flower 1. naked flower 2. double perianth flowewr 3. 4. Simple flower

Type of Flower 1. naked flower 2. double perianth flowewr 3. 4. Simple flower

Part Three Flower Formula and Flower Diagram v Flower v Formula it show composing

Part Three Flower Formula and Flower Diagram v Flower v Formula it show composing , arrange , location and each other relation of flower with letter, number and symbol.

v 1. Letter P: perianthium v K: kelch C: corolla v A: androecium G:

v 1. Letter P: perianthium v K: kelch C: corolla v A: androecium G: gynoecium v 2. Number 0 wanting or degenerate v ∞ ≥ 10 or unsureness v Carpel: ovary room: ovule

v 3. Symbol *:actinomorphic flower v ↑: zygomorphic flower v : bisexual flower v

v 3. Symbol *:actinomorphic flower v ↑: zygomorphic flower v : bisexual flower v ♂: staminate flower v ♀: pistillate flower v ( ) adnation v + ring v G: superior ovary v G : inferior ovary v G: half-inferior ovary

For instance v 桑科(Moraceae) ♂P 4~ 6 A 4~ 6 ♀P 4~ 6 G(2:

For instance v 桑科(Moraceae) ♂P 4~ 6 A 4~ 6 ♀P 4~ 6 G(2: 1: 1) v 罂粟科(Papaveraceae)   *↑K 2 C 4~ 6 A 4~ 6, ∞G (2~∞: 1:∞)

v Flower v Diagram It is the illustration drawing by transverse section of flower.

v Flower v Diagram It is the illustration drawing by transverse section of flower.

Part Four Inflorescence v The way in which the flower arranges regularly on the

Part Four Inflorescence v The way in which the flower arranges regularly on the rachis and open order are called inflorescence.

v ★Indefinite v v v v ~: Raceme spike catkin Spadix Corymb umbel Capitulum

v ★Indefinite v v v v ~: Raceme spike catkin Spadix Corymb umbel Capitulum hypanthodium

Type of Inflorescence 1. Raceme 2. spike 3. corymb 4. catkin 5. spadix 6.

Type of Inflorescence 1. Raceme 2. spike 3. corymb 4. catkin 5. spadix 6. umbel 7. head 8. hypanthodium 9. panicle 10. cyme

Type of Inflorescence 1. Raceme 2. spike 3. spadix 4. catkin 5. corymb 6.

Type of Inflorescence 1. Raceme 2. spike 3. spadix 4. catkin 5. corymb 6. umbel 7. head 8. hypanthodium 9. panicle 10. cyme 11. Verticillaster 12. coniform spike

v ★Definite v v ~: Monochasium dichasium Pleiochasium verticillaster

v ★Definite v v ~: Monochasium dichasium Pleiochasium verticillaster

Type of Definite Inflorescence 1. Hericoid cyme 2. Scorpioid cyme 3. Dichasium 4. Pleiochasium

Type of Definite Inflorescence 1. Hericoid cyme 2. Scorpioid cyme 3. Dichasium 4. Pleiochasium 5. Verticillaster

Type of Definite Inflorescence 1. Scorpioid cyme 2. Hericoid cyme 3. Dichasium 4. Pleiochasium

Type of Definite Inflorescence 1. Scorpioid cyme 2. Hericoid cyme 3. Dichasium 4. Pleiochasium

Part Five Physiological Function v 1. Anthesis self pollination v v 2. pollination cross

Part Five Physiological Function v 1. Anthesis self pollination v v 2. pollination cross pollination v v 3. fertilization

Part six microscopic structure (一) calyx 1 epidermis 2 mesophyll 3 vein

Part six microscopic structure (一) calyx 1 epidermis 2 mesophyll 3 vein

(二) Morphology of pollen grain

(二) Morphology of pollen grain

Morphology of pollen grain

Morphology of pollen grain

v Review Questions v 一. Definition v flower , androecium , gynoecium, placenta, complete

v Review Questions v 一. Definition v flower , androecium , gynoecium, placenta, complete flower , incomplete flower , double perianth flower , simple perianth flower , naked flower , bisexual flower , unisexual flower , asexual flower , flower formula

answer v 1. what is the function of the flower? v 2. what is

answer v 1. what is the function of the flower? v 2. what is the composing of the flower? v 二. simple