- Slides: 51
Section A Section B Section C Section D Section E 1 pt 1 pt 2 pt 2 pt 3 pt 3 pt 4 pt 4 pt 5 pt 5 pt
Where is the official beginning of the Oregon Trail?
Where is the official end of the Oregon Trail?
Oregon City, Oregon
On what river is Fort Vancouver located?
The Columbia River
What mountain range did the travelers have to cross on their way?
The Rocky Mountains
When the pioneers arrived at the Columbia River, what location had they heard of up North that had excellent harbors?
The pioneers walked very slowly. Approximately how many miles did they travel each day?
What jobs did the children have during the day?
The travelers slept in two different places at night. What were those two places?
On the ground or in their wagons
What kinds of foods could the pioneers find out on the trail?
They could find wild game, fish, berries, roots, reptiles, nuts and mushrooms.
The land pioneers crossed was home to other people. Who did that land belong to?
Approximately how long did it take the travelers to move from the Northeast to the Northwest?
A few months
What animal was known for being the best at pulling a wagon?
List at least two reasons that people decided to go on the trip.
Answer options: Adventure, to get away from problems in the East (such as slavery), and the main reason was for the land.
Name two ways that the pioneers would cross rivers.
1. Emigrants could use a ferry, (some ferries were operated by Native Americans, some were operated by the Mormons and other entrepreneurs). 2. They could caulk their wagons (built rafts) and float them across the river. 3. They could ford the river (find a shallow place to walk across). 4. They could swim across the river. 5. They could use one of the few bridges that were in place.
How might the weather have affected when the pioneers decided to leave the Northeast to head West?
The pioneers would need to leave early enough in the year to beat the snows in the western mountains. They would also need to leave late enough in the spring to miss the rainy season, so their wagons wouldn’t get bogged down in the mud and so the rivers wouldn’t be swollen.
When the pioneers were finally able to build houses, what part of the house did they normally not have?
Windows. The reason for this is because there was no place to buy glass in Oregon Country at that time.
Because the pioneers could not buy stoves, what did they build for heating and cooking?
Daily Double! What material was the early schoolhouse made of?
Daily Double! Logs
What year did the first successful wagon train of the Great Migration arrive in Oregon?
Once the first pioneer school was built, how were the classes split up?
Students of all ages were put in a single room with one teacher.
About how many pounds of goods and supplies do you think the average farm wagon could hold?
The average farm wagon could hold about 2, 000 pounds of goods and supplies.
If the pioneers were running low on supplies out on the trail, how might they restock their provisions?
1. The pioneers could hunt, fish or gather roots and berries. 2. They could purchase supplies at the forts. 3. They could trade with the Native Americans.
If the pioneers were taking a wagon out west what are the top five essentials they would need take with them?
1. Animals to pull the wagons (horses, mules or oxen) 2. Weapons and ammunition 3. Tools 4. Food and cooking utensils 5. Clothing and blankets
List at least two ways that the Oregon Trail changed the lives of the Native Americans.
1. Thousands of settlers were moving onto their land. 2. The Indians had to find new hunting ground because the pioneers were clearing trees to build farms and the animals had to find new homes. 3. The buffalo began to disappear because they were being shot, sometimes just for sport. 4. Some Indians even began to dress and live more like the settlers were. 5. Many Indians traded for guns so they had new weapons and ways of hunting.
Daily Double! What happened on February 14, 1859?
Daily Double! Oregon gained statehood.