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Search Engines and Knowledge Portals: The Power of Open Access Resources Mrs. Uma Pandey Assistant Librarian Central Library, Integral University, Lucknow Umaraj. [email protected] com And Dr. (Ms. ) Shiva Kanaujia Sukula Dy. Librarian Central Library, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi shivasukula [email protected] com
Abstract A review of recent litereature related to concept of search engines and knowledge portals and nature of searching information � The significant features of search engines and knowledge portals that influence the research productivity of academicians and excellence of information retrieval � Search Engines and Knowledge are playing very important role for the research organizations to contain a knowledge portal consisting of the presented precise and implicit information � The utilization of search engines and knowledge portals for retriving information is framworked by contrasting search engines against knowledge portals evaluation and comparative study of the effect of web searching on open access �
� What are the benifits of searching information on Search engines and � � � knowledge portals and how personalization helps in retrieving the precise information in the shortest time with the least effort. Users of search engines and knowledge portals are increasing in compare to print media is also explained. Intensive training for reseachers in order for them to acquire the essential search strategies for effective information retrieval was made is recommended so that Indian researchers can use these searching strategies for retrieving information on Search engines and knowledge portals. The influance of search engines and knowledge portals can be enhanced by making a user friendly simplistic search strategies for research libraries. Recommendation is made as to which aspects to be considered when evaluating search engines and knowledge portals accessibility for researchers. Need for intensive training for reserchers in order for them to acquire the indispensable search apporach for effective information retrieval by search engines and knowledge portals by the reserchers.
Introduction � The awareness and applications of computer technologies specifically Internet has enormously increased the availability of information. � The increases in volume of available information as well as the linking of various disparate. � Diversified information sources is making harder for users to retrieve relevant information based on their specific task related requirement. � Search engines have been developed to facilitate fast information retrieval.
Search Engines and Knowledge Portals Features Main Features are the Search engines are: �Search engines must be user friendly with Universal customization facility. �Provide varied options of searching, must have automatic current information update. �Advanced searching technique.
Enhancing the users of search engines and portals �The search engines retrieve the information from the content and html- mark up of the pages. �Knowledge Portals can spotlight on a particular subject field or area.
Knowledge Portal features � Practices applied during setting up of a knowledge portal project. � Major difficulties and lessons learnt during the project are discussed. � A centralized access point for information. � A wide range of tools for content customization. � Customized content for individual knowledge workers that match their daily tasks requirements.
Search Engines and Knowledge Portals Influencing the Research Productivity: �Important for the Higher Educational institutions and Universities �To have a Knowledge Portal consisting of the obtainable explicit and Implicit information. �Accessible to everybody who desires information.
Benefits of Utilization of Search Engines and Knowledge Portals: �Storage of information and knowledge in Document �Contribution Management system. �Utilization and sharing Knowledge is easier.
Increasing of the Users for Search Engines and Knowledge Portals: Knowledge Portals provide awareness and notification features. � Knowledge Portals have Inter group and inter personal forums, chats, newsgroups and other tools for continuous communication. �
Few Aspects for Consideration � Knowledge portal must act as a central access system in terms of a “single point of access” for all electronic information services, namely the library’s catalogue and full-text in-house applications to external, licensed sources. � To improve collaborative filtering techniques in Knowledge portal usage of domain heuristics is done so as to overcome the problem of low numbers of knowledge portals users. � Proper planning and deployment of a knowledge portal must be done.
�There must be a general idea of mandatory and optional components which should be included. �The components of knowledge portal should be included on the basis of case examples involving consulting firms. �Suitable KM mechanisms are necessary to support the access, creation and transfer of knowledge between these portals and their users.
Recommendations � � To foster collaborative work as well as help knowledge workers in saving considerable time, suitable functionalities and a widely agreed content classification scheme be adhered to with the incorporation of Federated search engine and usage of selective Web 2. 0 tools. Knowledge portals should provide sharing and learning platform for the public with the purpose of improving efficiency and the quality of E-Government processes and services. A considerable amount of effort is needed to re-configure such heterogeneous applications and information applications and services across different levels of government agencies, into a new platform. Semantics and in particular meta-knowledge about the nature and types of application services offered by these e-Government services must be covered comprehensively.
� The application of Semantic Web and Web 2. 0 technologies that provide interoperability among various types of application services is desired. � All the factors i. e. technology, information artifacts, people and practices of a domain must be considered before embarking on KP development. � All three main components of Portals i. e. community of practice, body of knowledge, organization of the body of knowledge is around a knowledge map, services to maintain that knowledge body must be factored into prototype design of the required KP. � Integration aspects within enterprise knowledge portals must be addressed. � An approach for communicating the user’s information need among the portals by using Semantic Web technologies
Conclusion and Suggestions � The design of search engines, knowledge portals and the browser add-ons must be done keeping in consideration the web search behavior patterns. � Local interface must be made available to academic researchers, as Google succeeded in its country‐specific customization of search results. That’s why country‐specific customization of search engines and knowledge are preferred. � Fundamental parameters of search engines and knowledge portals must be evaluated along with, precision and recall due to their simplicity, evenhandedness and reliability.
� There is need for intensive training for researchers in order for them to acquire the essential search strategies. This is necessary for the effective information retrieval by the Indian academics. � User friendly portals must be designed that entails simplistic search strategies for special libraries of India and other developing countries were made. � Diversification makes the ranking in a way that the top results are diverse. Methods to assess diversity within web search must be exploited by information architects and webmasters, � Libraries can also open their huge data to the knowledge portals and search engines and can get listed in the top results to get more visibility. � It is also recommended designing content oriented Knowledge portals with high quality, well-written content.