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Südtirol / Alto Adige / South Tyrol
Where are we?
Where are we?
Demographics South Tyrol Bozen Inhabitants 419, 000 103, 000 German 70% 24% Italian 26% 75% Ladin 4% 1%
History Bozen/Bolzano • 18 BC Pons Drusi (Drusus bridge) near Bauzanum, inhabited by Raetian people • 679 Bavarians • 1190 market town between Venice and Augsburg, cultural crosspoint Dome of Bozen
History South Tyrol I • Before WWI: Austro. Hungarian empire • 1919: Annexed by Italy • 20/30 ies: Italienization by Benito Mussolini • 1946 Autonomy of Trentino – South Tyrol granting rights to the German speaking population
History of South Tyrol II • 1950/60 ies terrorist acts of the liberation movement • 1960 UN no resolution • 1971 International Court of Justice in The Hague • 1972 new autonomy with high level of selfgovernment • 1992 Autonomy agreement between Austria and Italy • 1996 Euroregion Tyrol. South Tyrol-Trentino
Free University Bozen Economics and Management Agricultural Sciences Fruit Science Computer Science Design and Art Science and Technology Casa. Clima-Klima. Haus Agricultural Technology Education Multilingual Communication • • German Italian English (Ladin)
The autonomy • Anchored in the Italian constitution • Grants equal rights to the German, Italian and Ladin population • Financial independence from Italy • Self-government in many areas Role model for the successful and fair resolution of inter-ethnic conflict to other regions of the world. e. g. Tibet and China (Dalai Lama) e. g. Kosovo and Albania
Apples • Movie
Castles and Towns
Mountains and more
Giorgio Moroder Famous People Ötzi- The Iceman Gustav Thöni Andreas Seppi Reinhold Messner