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Schizophrenia Psychological theories • • • Psychodynamic Behaviourist Cognitive psychlotron. org. uk •
Psychodynamic Psychological disorders assumed to be manifestations of: • • Imbalance between id, ego & superego Attempts to deal with unacceptable repressed material psychlotron. org. uk •
Healthy Psyche OK Guys – I’m in charge. Anything you want has to go through me. OK. Ego Id Superego psychlotron. org. uk OK.
Neurotic Listen up! I’m in charge, and you are not here to enjoy yourselves. Get ready for a double-size portion of anxiety with a side order of guilt! No fun. Superego Id Ego psychlotron. org. uk >whimper<
Psychotic Who turned out the lights? Id Ego Superego psychlotron. org. uk Sex! Food! Drink! Drugs! NOW!
Psychodynamic Regression to primary narcissism • • Id takes over No distinction between reality & fantasy, self & others Inability to function; delay gratification Assumed to be due to maternal behaviour (schizogenic mother) psychlotron. org. uk •
Behaviourist Mental disorders regarded as sets of learned behaviour • • Behaviour acquired through observation of others Behaviour maintained through operant processes psychlotron. org. uk •
Cognitive Abnormal behaviours assumed to arise from faulty thinking processes • Bentall (2004) presents an account of how psychotic symptoms occur, but rejects the idea that schiz. is a discrete diagnostic entity psychlotron. org. uk •
Cognitive Hallucinations • • Misattributed inner speech Delusions • • Attempts to make sense of hallucinatory experiences Once delusion arises, attentional bias tends to maintain it psychlotron. org. uk •
Cognitive Disorganised thinking & speech • • • Difficulty distinguishing between thinking and speech Deficits in STM and semantic memory Exacerbated by emotional arousal, resulting in ‘vicious circle’ or disorganisation psychlotron. org. uk •