- Slides: 15
SANCHO III / SANTXO III OF NAVARRE
SANCHO III / SANTXO III OF NAVARRE. . . and the European Way of Saint James to Compostela • • • Who was Sancho III of Navarre? The Kingdom of Iruñea-Pamplona European influence The Romanesque What did he do? Why is he our european hero?
Who was Sancho III of Navarre? • Sancho III Garces or Gartzea, the Great, King of Iruñea-Pamplona later called Navarre from 1004 until his death in 1035.
The Kingdom of Iruñea-Pamplona
Family tree of Santxo III and his kingship to the Dukes of Vasconia > Wasconia > Gascony House of Aritza 824 -905 Eneko Aritza 824– 851/2 Gartzea Enekoitz 851/2– 882 Fortun Gartzez 882– 905 House of Ximenez 905– 1076 Dukes of Vasconia > Wasconia>Gascony Santxo Mitarra (Menditarra? ) Gilem Santxo 963 -997 Prince of Vasconia ‘Dominus Totius Vasconiae” Santxo Gilem of Wasconia 1010 -1032 Santxo I Gartzez 905– 925 Gartzia II Santxez 931– 970 Santxo II Gartzez Abarka 970– 994 Gartzia Santxez III 994– 1004 SANTXO/SANCHO III NAGUSIA/ THE GREAT 1004– 1035 KING OF Navarre :
European influence • The Kingdom of Sancho III was mainly directed to the north =>Vasconia, Wasconia, Gascony. • Sancho III made it possible that people of different countries of Europe could enter the north of Spain, so he wanted to establish a better relationship between the people of Europe.
The Romanesque • The Way to Saint James: the European highway of people and new ideas. • Romanesque
The Romanesque Eunate Leire Nowadays, the buildings that Sancho III built are one of the most important Romanesque architecture examples.
What did he do? • His most obvious legacy=> Wasconia in the north. • He spread the frontiers of his kingdom to all the Basque speaking people of the time. • He made the Basque-Navarrese Kingdom of Iruñea-Pamplona stronger, politically stable and independent. • He made his kingdom a way open to European ideas and people.
The history of The St. James Way • At the end of 8 th century the legend which told that Saint James the apostle was buried in Compostela. made people walk the way of Saint James. • It made the exchange of ideas, beliefs, technology and all kinds of human contact among Europeans easier. • Nowadays thousands of pilgrims walk the way of Saint James. • Identified =>shell symbol.
Map of the first Way of Saint James
The Way of Saint James nowadays
Why is he our European hero? • Sancho III is our European Hero because he created one of the most important commercial and cultural ways that ever existed, The Way of Saint James. • He created one of the most important exchanges of ideas, beliefs, technology and all kind of human contact among Europeans. • We hope that one day all nations will have a president like Sancho III !!
European Hero Project 2010 Exchange program Charlemagne college Urola ikastola
Made by: • • Gladys Zeevaarders Meringenie Micheels Lindsey Bons Sefania Baadjou • Leire Lopetegi • Maddi Alberdi • Amaia Alonso • Maider Egiguren • Idoia Garmendia