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Royal University of Law and Economic Professor : Mateusz Prorok Subject: International Civil Litigation Procedure Topic: German Civil Code – Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch Group Member 1. Mornsambath Nheata 2. Mean Sambath 3. Porn Sreypich
Table Content : �History of The German Civil Code - Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch (or BGB) �German Civil Code and The Development of Private Law �Structure �References
German Civil Code (Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch, BGB) § § The German Civil Code (Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch, BGB), was first drafted in 1881, ratified in 1896, and formally took effect on January 1, 1900. The process, spanning nearly two decades, established national Private Law in Germany, thereby unifying the formerly disjointed, inconsistent, and regional systems of private and family laws in Germany after the unification and the founding of the German Empire in 1871.
�The Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch covered contracts, quasi-contracts, civil liability, property, family law and estates but excluding parts of the law which the Germans preferred to codify separately in a Commercial Code (Handelsgesetz buch or HGB).
German Civil Code and the Development of Private Law �The Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch abbreviated BGB, is the civil code of Germany. It is the body of codified private law that went into effect in the German empire in 1900. �The code grew out of a desire for a truly national law that would override the often conflicting customs and codes of the various German territories.
� In the first half of the nineteenth century, the various states joined in the Deutscher Bund (German Federation) had already started to accommodate the needs of an expanding economy. � The advent of machinery and urbanisation facilitated the production processes and the rising bourgeoisie favoured open markets promoting the free interplay of economic forces. � With the Modernization of the Law of Obligations Act, most of the special statutes in the field of consumer contract law have now found a place in the BGB.
Structure of the German civil code �The German Civil Code in divided into five parts: § A General Part (Allgemeiner Teil) that comprises 240 sections. It acts as an introduction to the other four parts and contains general rules about individuals, their ability on concluding contracts, types of contracts, the annulment of contracts, and restrictions of actions. § The Law of Obligations ("Recht der Schuldverhältnisse") comprises 612 sections and describes the types of contracts and the obligations people have once they’ve concluded a contract.
� The Property Law ("Sachenrecht") contains 442 parts and is the legal frame for property possession, rights regarding property possession in Germany and the transference of such rights. � The Family Law ("Familienrecht") comprises 624 parts and sets the provisions regarding marriage and family relations. � The Succession Law ("Erbrecht") is the legal frame that enables the succession of goods that belonged to deceased persons and includes the German Law of Wills.
On the day the BGB came into force, one German publication ran this headline: “One people. One empire. One law. ”
v References �https: //www. lawyersgermany. com/civil-law-ingermany �https: //www. britannica. com/topic/German-Civil. Code �“German Civil Code (1896). ” GHDI–Documents, at: http: //ghdi. ghidc. org/sub_image. cfm? image_id=1694 (Accessed April 19, 2018).
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