- Slides: 34
Think-Pair-Share What are similarities and differences between Greek and Roman art?
EOA and POD
Key Term: Rome- Italy’s capital, is a city with nearly 3, 000 years of globally influential art, architecture and culture on display.
Key Term: Roman- of or relating to ancient Rome or its empire or people.
Roman Empire 200 B. C. E to 400 A. C. E. The Roman Empire stretched from England to Egypt; Spain to Russia. It was ruled by an emperor. Roman culture was a mixture of older cultures (primarily Greek). Romans spread this cultural mix to the places they conquered.
Influences Art was heavily influenced by Greek art. Roman art is less religious and less idealized than Greek art. It was more commemorative (made to memorialize)
Purpose of Roman art: To celebrate and show off the power and might of the emperor and empire. To create a record of Roman history.
Sculpture showed realistic depictions of Roman leaders. Influenced by wax death masks used for memorializing the deceased. Designed to be seen in public places all over the empire.
Questions How does this sculpture show the power of the emperor? Why would you want to spread sculptures around the empire?
Coins A popular way to show the emperor’s might and his image was through the use of coins. Coins were spread around the empire. New coins were made every time a new emperor was appointed.
Realism Roman sculpture is less idealized than Greek sculpture (not obsessed with perfect beauty) Showed the true looks of their subject- including their imperfections.
Greek or Roman?
Reliefs Roman relief sculptures are shallow, 3 -dimensional carvings on flat surfaces. Showed off the skill of the artists with many intricate carvings and figures. Most reliefs are on architectural works and have subject matters of battles or hunts.
Key Term: Relief- a sculptural technique, meaning ‘to raise’. To create a sculpture in relief is to give the impression that the sculpted material has been raised above the background plane.
Trajan’s Column Built in 113 A. C. E. in Rome. Made of marble. Made to commemorate Trajan’s battle victories. Height of the column and relief sculptures symbolize the ‘height of success and accomplishment’ of the emperor Trajan.
Trajan’s Column Detailed
Question What art history period had the biggest influence on Roman architecture?
Question What parts of this building show Greek architectural influences?
Architecture Most are massive public buildings like courts, stadiums, and palaces to proclaim the power and riches of the Roman Empire. Other types of architecture include baths, aqueducts, and bridges. Their architectural style was spread through the empire.
Architecture Romans incorporated Greek pediments and columns into their architecture. They also popularized the use of the arch, dome, and vault. These three architectural features were made possible through the Roman invention of concrete.
Key Term: Arch- structure that spans a wide space that is open underneath. Used for bridges, aqueducts, and triumphal arches.
Key Term: Vault- A series of arches used to create an open space with a rounded ceiling. Used for hallways, sewers, and tunnels.
Key Term: Dome- Architectural element that resembles the hollow upper talk of a sphere. Used for massive public buildings.
Colosseum Built in Rome, 70 B. C. E. Made of concrete It was an amphitheater used for gladiatorial battles, mock sea battles, executions, and plays.
Colosseum It was constructed with multiple series of arches and vaults. There a hidden series of networks and tunnels underneath the floor to hold animals and gladiators.
Pantheon Built in Rome in 126 A. C. E. Made of granite It was a temple to all the Roman gods. Huge Corinthian columns supporting a pediment.
Pantheon There is a domed central area behind the columns and pediments. It’s the world’s largest free standing dome. The skylight functions as a heating, cooling, and lighting system.
Key Term: Mosaic-a picture or pattern produced by arranging together small colored pieces of materials, such as stone, tile, paper, or glass.
Video-Roman Art History-Goodbye Art Academy