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WHAT IS A ROBOT? A robot is a mechanical or virtual agent, usually an electromechanical machine that is guided by a computer program or electronic circuitry. Robots can be autonomous or semi-autonomous and range from humanoids such as Honda's Advanced Step in Innovative Mobility (ASIMO) and Tosy's TOSY Ping Pong Playing Robot (TOPIO) to industrial robots, collectively programmed ’swarm’ robots, and even microscopic Nano robots. By mimicking a lifelike appearance or automating movements, a robot may convey a sense of intelligence or thought of its own. Some examples of robots include: Industrial robots Domestic of household robots Medical robots Service robots Military robots Entertainment robots Hobby and competition robots
INDUSTRIAL ROBOTS Typical applications of industrial robots include welding, painting, assembly, pick and place (such as packaging, palletizing and SMT), product inspection, and testing; all accomplished with high endurance, speed, and precision. Most manufacturers of robot hardware provide their own software. There are over 30 different manufacturers of industrial robots, so there also 30 different robot programming languages required. Fortunately, there are enough similarities between the different robots that it is possible to gain a broad-based understanding of robot programming without having to learn each manufacturer's proprietary language. The earliest known industrial robot, conforming to the ISO definition was completed by “Bill” Griffith P. Taylor in 1937 and published in Meccano Magazine, March 1938. The crane-like device was built almost entirely using Meccano parts, and powered by a single electric motor. Five axes of movement were possible, including Grab and Grab Rotation. Automation was achieved using punched paper tape to energise solenoids, which would facilitate the movement of the crane's control levers. The robot could stack wooden blocks in pre-programmed patterns. The number of motor revolutions required for each desired movement was first plotted on graph paper. This information was then transferred to the paper tape, which was also driven by the robot's single motor.
DOMESTIC ROBOTS A domestic robot, or service robot, is an autonomous robot that is used for household chores. Thus far, there are only a few limited models, though speculators, such as Bill Gates, have suggested that they could become more common in the future. Many domestic robots are used for basic household chores. Others are educational or entertainment robots, such as the HERO line of the 1980 s. While most domestic robots are simplistic, some are connected to Wi. Fi home networks or smart environments and are autonomous to a high degree. They were developed in about 1932 when Japanese inventors created the “liliput”, a 15 cm tall wind-up toy which walked. There are many programming languages which can be used to program microcontrollers, the most common of which are: Assembly Basic C/C++ Java . NET/C# Processing Python
MEDICAL ROBOTS Medical robots are robots that allow surgeons greater access to areas under operation using more precise and less invasive methods. They are in most telemanipulators, which use the surgeon's actions on one side to control the "effector" on the other side. Robots were first introduced in 1987 with the first laparoscopic surgery, a cholescystecotomy. Recently, there are plenty of robot programming languages available. Among them, five robot languages are commonly and basically used. They are: RAIL AML VAL AL RPL
SERVICE ROBOTS Service robots assist human beings, typically by performing a job that is dirty, dull, distant, dangerous or repetitive, including household chores. They typically are autonomous and/or operated by a build in control system, with manual override options. The International Federation of Robotics has proposed a tentative definition, "A service robot is a robot which operates semi- or fully autonomously to perform services useful to the well-being of humans and equipment, excluding manufacturing operations. “ Service robots may also be defined as an industrial domestic robot. The first electric autonomous robot was created by William Grey Walter in Bristol, England in 1948. The main programming languages for service robots are: URBI PYTHON ROBOTC
MILITARY ROBOTS Military robots are autonomous robots or remote-controlled devices designed for military applications. It is also believed that military robots history can be dated back to the 19 th century, precisely in 1898. The history begins with the invention of radio controlled boat intended for military use by Nicola Tesla. He offered his invention to US navy in order to produce radio controlled torpedoes but the navy refused his offer. All military programming languages and schematics for these robots are classified.
ENTERTAINMENT ROBOTS An entertainment robot is, as the name indicates, a robot that is not made for utilitarian use, as in production or domestic services, but for the sole subjective pleasure of the human it serves, usually the owner or his housemates, guests or clients. Robotics technologies are applied in many areas of culture and entertainment. The first entertainment robot was created by Jacques de Vaucanson in 1738 named the Duck The most famous automaton, not robot but an automaton, was the duck. This mechanical duck tried to imitate a real life duck. Its made quacking noises and moved it wings. Programming languages include C/C++, and a newer scripting language called Lua.
HOBBY AND COMPETITION ROBOTS A competition or hobby robot is a robot where it is made completely by the owner of the robot. The robot will have to accomplish a task. Usually they have to beat other robots in order to become the best one. Most competitions are for schools but several professional competitions are arising. The first hobby robots where made the same time as the entertainment robots back in 1738, by Jacques de Vaucanson Some programming languages are easyc v 4, ROBOTC, MPLAB, Flowpro, Flowol, and many others.
CONCLUSION Robots help society today in many reasons and will be a big help in the future as well. Robots already record our shows, cook our food, play our music, and even run our cars. We just don't see it because these robots don't have a face we can talk to. There are things robots do right now that will change our lives for the future, and all in a good way. The first is entertainment (done that), the second is grunt work in dangerous places (coming up), third is elderly care, and last but not least is telepresence, shopping, tourism, and assistance. If it works, robots won't just change our lives in the future, they'll expand them. Not just for fun, but for necessity. We've taken the first steps into welcoming them into our homes, we just have to wait a bit to proctor them into making us more human.
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