RIT 05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design The

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RIT 05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design

RIT 05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design

The Team Lincoln Cummings (IE) – Project Manager Joe Calkins (ME) – Chief Engineer

The Team Lincoln Cummings (IE) – Project Manager Joe Calkins (ME) – Chief Engineer Mark Fazzio (ME) – Technical Writer Allison Studley (ME) – Minutes Taker Dr. Kozak – Faculty Advisor Dr. Walter – Faculty Coordinator Sponsor – RIT Mechanical Engineering Dept. 05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design

Team Assignments 05002 Micro-Turbine Project Leader – Cliff Cummings Mentor – Prof. Jeff Kozak

Team Assignments 05002 Micro-Turbine Project Leader – Cliff Cummings Mentor – Prof. Jeff Kozak Turbine and Housing Leads – Joe/Allison Fuel Systems Lead – Mark Asst. - Cliff PDR/ CDR Paper Lead – Mark 05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design Presentation Lead - Joe

Mission Statement We will design and build a microturbine/generator that can be integrated onto

Mission Statement We will design and build a microturbine/generator that can be integrated onto a micro-air-vehicle airframe and power the vehicle’s accessories. The micro-turbine will be a continuation of the previous team’s project with the application of their design to be used for MAV power production. 05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design

Background • Current battery technology causes the battery to be up to half of

Background • Current battery technology causes the battery to be up to half of the weight of the MAV. • Research into lighter weight power generation methods led to micro-turbine generators. • Third generation RIT Senior Design project 05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design

Primary Objectives • • Produce a constant 5 watts of power Overall weight of

Primary Objectives • • Produce a constant 5 watts of power Overall weight of less than 45 grams Integrated into the MAV airframe Minimum flight time of 3 minutes Additional Objectives • Drive the propeller of the plane • Increase efficiency of the system 05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design

Previous Design 05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design

Previous Design 05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design

Previous Turbine Design Senior Design Team 04013 05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design

Previous Turbine Design Senior Design Team 04013 05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design

Concept Considerations • Smaller housing needed to integrate into MAV airframe • Compressed gas

Concept Considerations • Smaller housing needed to integrate into MAV airframe • Compressed gas containers must be integrated into MAV airframe • Components capable of high rotational speeds • Containment of high pressures within the system • Minimum 3 minute run time • Overall system weight goal of 45 grams 05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design

Research Methods • Preliminary Research • Review of last year’s design • Additional Research

Research Methods • Preliminary Research • Review of last year’s design • Additional Research 05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design

Feasibility Assessment • 2 Options – Direct Comparison • >2 Options – Weighted Comparison

Feasibility Assessment • 2 Options – Direct Comparison • >2 Options – Weighted Comparison 05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design

Feasibility Assessment • • • Considerations Ability to meet the objectives Overall Size Total

Feasibility Assessment • • • Considerations Ability to meet the objectives Overall Size Total Weight Availability of procured items Ease of Manufacture Cost of procurement/manufacture 05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design

Turbine Concepts 2 -D Pelton Wheel Turbine 3 -D Pelton Wheel Turbine 05002 Micro

Turbine Concepts 2 -D Pelton Wheel Turbine 3 -D Pelton Wheel Turbine 05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design Axial Impulse Turbine Francis Turbine

Turbine Feasibility 05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design

Turbine Feasibility 05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design

Turbine Feasibility Axial Impulse Turbine 2 -D Pelton Wheel Turbine ? 3 -D Pelton

Turbine Feasibility Axial Impulse Turbine 2 -D Pelton Wheel Turbine ? 3 -D Pelton Wheel Turbine 05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design Francis Turbine

Housing Concept • Cross flow design • 2 Inlets – 2 Outlets • Tight

Housing Concept • Cross flow design • 2 Inlets – 2 Outlets • Tight tolerances to prevent flow from going around the turbine. • 30% Fiberglass reinforced Nylon material • Overall Size: 1. 25” OD 0. 6” Depth 05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design

Housing Feasibility • Smaller OD • Lighter weight • O-Ring seal vs. Gasket seal

Housing Feasibility • Smaller OD • Lighter weight • O-Ring seal vs. Gasket seal • Inlet/Outlet redesign • Designed for manufacturability 05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design

Housing Analysis 05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design

Housing Analysis 05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design

Propellant System Concepts Fuel • Compressed CO 2 Cartridges • Compressed N 2 Cartridges

Propellant System Concepts Fuel • Compressed CO 2 Cartridges • Compressed N 2 Cartridges • Compressed Air Tanks Tubing • Flexible plastic lines • Rigid metal lines Regulator • Bellows regulator to decrease the inlet pressure • Micro nozzle to decrease the inlet pressure 05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design

Propellant System Feasibility Fuel • Compressed CO 2 Cartridges • Compressed N 2 Cartridges

Propellant System Feasibility Fuel • Compressed CO 2 Cartridges • Compressed N 2 Cartridges • Compressed Air Tanks Tubing • Flexible plastic lines • Rigid metal lines Regulator • Bellows regulator to decrease the inlet pressure • Micro nozzle to decrease the inlet pressure 05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design

Other Design Concepts/Considerations • Bearings: Sealed Shielded • Seals: Air Magnetic O-Ring Gasket •

Other Design Concepts/Considerations • Bearings: Sealed Shielded • Seals: Air Magnetic O-Ring Gasket • Use outlet flow in rear of wings/plane to reduce pressure drag 05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design

Other Design Concepts/Considerations • Bearings: Sealed Shielded • Seals: Air Magnetic O-Ring Gasket •

Other Design Concepts/Considerations • Bearings: Sealed Shielded • Seals: Air Magnetic O-Ring Gasket • Use outlet flow in rear of wings/plane to reduce pressure drag 05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design

Test Setup • Test initially using laboratory supplied compressed nitrogen. • Canister compressed gas

Test Setup • Test initially using laboratory supplied compressed nitrogen. • Canister compressed gas testing will be performed after concept is proven 05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design

Financial Analysis 05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design

Financial Analysis 05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design

Final Design 05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design

Final Design 05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design

Design Limitations • Propellant cartridge & piercing device weight is 24 x higher than

Design Limitations • Propellant cartridge & piercing device weight is 24 x higher than the design target weight • Means of reducing the pressure of the propellant are inefficient • Finding a generator to meet the high speed requirements 05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design

Schedule 05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design

Schedule 05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design

Questions? 05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design

Questions? 05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design