Rights and duties Rights are those claims which
- Slides: 20
Rights and duties Rights are those claims which are necessary for the growth of individuals. Society give recognizations to these claims and state enforce these claims.
Nature and characteristics of rights n n n n n Rights are possible only in the society Rights are the claims of the individual Rights are recognised and enforced by the society Rights are not absolute Rights are equal for all Rights are bound with duties Rights keep on changing Rights can be used for social goods Rights are moral and reasonable
Classification or kinds of rights Rights Natural Rights Civil Rights Moral Rights Legal Rights Political Rights Fundamental Rights Economic Rights
Classification or kinds of rights n Natural rights n Moral rights n Fundamental rights n Legal Rights
Fundamental rights n Rights to equality n Rights to freedom n Rights against exploitations n Rights to religious freedom n Cultural and educational rights n Rights to constitutional remedies
Legal Rights n Civil rights n Economic rights n Political rights
Civil Rights n n n n Right to Life Right to Family Rights to Personal Freedom Right to Education Rights to Religious Freedom Right to Equality Right to Freedom of Thought and Expression Right to Freedom of Movement Rights to Press Rights to Secure Justice Right form Association Right to Contract Right to freedom in Domestic Matters Right to Social Security
Economic Rights n Right to Work n Right to Adequate Wages n Right to Property n Right to Rest And Leisure n Right to Economic Security n Right to Fixed hours of work
Political Right n n n n Right to Vote Right to Contest Election Right to hold Public Offices Right to form Political Parties and Association etc. Rights to Petition Right to Criticise The Government Right to Protection in other Countries Right to Information
Necessary Arrangements For the Protection of Rights n n n n n Inclusion of rights in the consititution Difficult method to amend the constitution Provision of constitutional remedies Independent judiciary Not to make law against the rights vigilant citizen Democratic government Separation of powers strong opposition party Free and honest press Right to information
Duties The word duty is derived from the word ‘Dept’ which means loan. Thus, duty is a kind loan which citizens pay in return of his rights. Classification of duties-: 1. Moral Duties 2. Legal Duties
Duties towards One’self n n n Character building Self-control Good health Honesty Truthfulness To get education To earn one’s livelihood Simple living and high thinking Disciplined daily life Progressive outlook Hard work
Moral Duties towards Family n n n n n Obedience Ideal atmosphere in home Procreation of children To take of the health of others Fulfilment of needs Family planning Saving To provide education to his children To look after the old parents To bring fame to the family
Moral Duties towards Society n Social service n To keep the surroundings clean n To eradicate social evils n Co-operation n To spread love among others n Help in arresting criminals n Development of villages and cities n To join others in sorrows and happiness n To have compassion
Moral Duties towards Humanity n Not to discriminate n To help in the maintenance of world peace n To rise above blind nationalism n To help the poor n Sense of world citizenship
Legal Duties n Loyalty towards the state n Obedience to laws n Respect for the constitution n Respect for the national flag n Payment of taxes n Proper use of right to vote n Military service n Co-operation with the government n Protection of public property
Relationship between Rights & Duties n Rights and duties go together n My right is other’s duty n My right is my duty also n Right should be used for social good n Duty toward the state n Rights without duties are mere powers
Conclusion Rights are those conditions of life without which are essential for the all round development of personality of individuals. Rights and duties are closely related. In the absence of one, the other becomes meaningless.
n n n n References Aggarwal R. C. , Principles of Political Science, S. Chand Company, New Delhi, 1976. Badyal, J. S, Political Theory, Raj Publishers, 2012, Jalander. Garner James Wildford, Political Science and Government, The World Press Priviate LTD. Calcutta, 1951. Gauba O. P, An Introduction to Political Theory, Macmillan Publisher, Delhi, 2009. Heywood Andrew, Political Theory An Introduction, Palgrave Macmillan, New Yeork, 2005. Misra K. K & Iyengar Kalpana. M, Modern Political Theory, S. Chand Company, New Delhi, 1988. Ray Amal, Political Theory Idess and Institutions, The World Press Priviate LTD. Calcutta, 1988 Johari J. C, Principles of Modern Political Science, Sterling Publishers, New Delhi, 1989.
n By n Dr. AMANDIP KAUR n DEPTT. OF POLITICAL SCIENCE, n PGGCG, SEC. 11, CHANDIGARH