Resistance to Absolutism Resistance Theory Is there room

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Resistance to Absolutism

Resistance to Absolutism

Resistance Theory ¡Is there room to resist an king given that position by God?

Resistance Theory ¡Is there room to resist an king given that position by God? ¡ Aristotle (384 -322 BCE) ¡ Augustine (354 -430 CE) ¡ Thomas Aquinas (1225 -1274 CE) ¡ John Milton (1608 -1674) ¡ The Tenure of Kings and Magistrates (1649)

John Milton (1649)

John Milton (1649)

The Failure of Absolutism in England

The Failure of Absolutism in England

Heir to the Budding Empire Elizabeth I (d. 1603) James I of England (r.

Heir to the Budding Empire Elizabeth I (d. 1603) James I of England (r. 1603 -1625)

James I of England (r. 1603 -1625) ¡True Law of Free Monarchies (1579) ¡Gunpowder

James I of England (r. 1603 -1625) ¡True Law of Free Monarchies (1579) ¡Gunpowder Plot ¡ Guy Fawkes (5 November 1605) ¡Imposed taxes to deal with the debt (that he himself had incurred) but did not call parliament

The Gunpowder Plot

The Gunpowder Plot

Charles I of England (r. 1625 -1649) ¡Married Henrietta Maria, daughter of King Henry

Charles I of England (r. 1625 -1649) ¡Married Henrietta Maria, daughter of King Henry IV of France ¡refused to call Parliament ¡Engaged in war with Scotland ¡ Over imposition of English Book of Common Prayer ¡Civil War 1642 -1648 ¡ Puritans ¡Tried for “waging war on parliament” 1649 ¡ Executed for treason January 1649

The Execution of Charles I (1649)

The Execution of Charles I (1649)

Execution Order of Charles I English Civl War in Song

Execution Order of Charles I English Civl War in Song

Oliver Cromwell (1599 -1658, September) ¡De facto control of England after Charles death though

Oliver Cromwell (1599 -1658, September) ¡De facto control of England after Charles death though Parliament continued to meet ¡Led army to fight in Ireland, which had supported Charles ¡Becomes Lord Protector ¡ Makes position hereditary

Cromwell’s End after Death…

Cromwell’s End after Death…

The Glorious Revolution ¡James II (1685 -1688) ¡ Catholic ¡ Placed Catholics in positions

The Glorious Revolution ¡James II (1685 -1688) ¡ Catholic ¡ Placed Catholics in positions of authority in spite of Test Acts (1673) ¡Parliament responds ¡ Invitation issued to William and Mary of Orange to “invade” England ¡ James II flees to France ¡ Institution of constitutional monarchy