Remember, remember the Fifth of November, the Gunpowder Treason and Plot, I see no reason why Gunpowder Treason should ever be forgot. Guy Fawkes, t’was his intent to blow up King and Parliament. Three score barrels were laid below to prove old England’s overthrow; By God’s mercy he was catch’d with a dark lantern and lighted match. Holloa boys, holloa boys, let the bells ring. Holloa boys, holloa boys, God save the King!
The Gunpowder Plot • In 1605 there was an attempted assassination of the English King James I, and the entire House of Lords. • It was believed that this assassination would cause a popular uprising against the government • The end goal was to put James I’s daughter, Elizabeth Stuart, as the Queen of England
Reasons for the Plot • Elizabeth I, daughter of Henry VIII, had instituted the Elizabethan Religious Settlement. • This required all people appointed to public office to swear allegiance to the Monarchs as the head of the Anglican Church. • This lead to the marginalization of Catholicism.
• Eventually James I would come to the throne of England. • Before his rule he has always been more moderate towards Catholics, and many thought he would end the persecution. • When the treatment of Catholics didn’t improve under James, the Gunpowder Plot began to be formed.
Guy Fawkes • Robert Catesby originated the plot with the goal of re-establishing Catholicism in England. • Guy (Guido) Fawkes was recruited into the plot as he was a devout Catholic and an expert with explosives • The plot would grow in size, and eventually eight men would be involved
• A anonymous letter was shown to the King on November 1 st. • A watch was placed on the House of Lords with multiple failed searches taking place. • On the night of November 5 th Fawkes was found guarding 36 barrels of gunpowder. He was over taken before he could explode the powder. Discovering the Plot
Punishment • After the Plot was discovered all the conspirators would eventually be captured. • They were tortured in the Tower of London for information about other plots, and to determine in others knew of their conspiracy. • Eventually all men were found guilty of “high treason” and were executed by being hung, then drawn and quartered.
5 th of November • A law was passed in 1606 establishing 5 th November as a holiday. • Children often made effigies of Guy Fawkes, and burned them. • Some people would shoot off fireworks • The night became known as Bonfire Night, Fireworks Night, or Guy Fawkes Night.
Today • The 5 th of November still remains a popular custom in Britain till this day. • The evening is generally spent with friends around a giant bonfire watching fireworks. • Guy Fawkes was repopularized by the Graphic Novel & Movie V for Vendetta
Sources 1. Robinson, B. . N. p. . Web. 3 Nov 2013. <http: //www. bbc. co. uk/history/british/civil_war_r evolution/gunpowder_robinson_01. shtml>. 2. Trueman, C. . N. p. . Web. 3 Nov 2013. <http: //www. historylearningsite. co. uk/gunpowder _plot_of_1605. htm>. 3. Herber, David. N. p. . Web. 3 Nov 2013. <http: //www. gunpowder-plot. org/fawkes. asp>. 4. . N. p. . Web. 3 Nov 2013. <http: //resources. woodlandsjunior. kent. sch. uk/customs/guy/history. htm>.
Citations • Go to http: //citationmachine. net • Select APA • Follow directions • Wikipedia IS NOT A SOURCE!!!!!
1400 -2000 1 History Project Requirements • • • Student will place the topic/event/person in historical context. Explains the topic/event/person as a historical event Result of topic/event/person: Good, Bad, Mixed Lasting Legacy: How does this affect today? Why does it matter? Power. Point: The Power. Point must have a minimum of 6 slides – – – • • • Title Slide Historical Context Slide Explanation of Event Slide Result of Event Slide Lasting Legacy Slide Citation Slide Pictures: Power. Point must have a minimum of 4 pictures Citations: Student must use a minimum of 3 sources. Student cannot use Wikipedia as a source and will receive no credit for a source cited from Wikipedia Student will present their topic/event/person to the class using their Power. Point. This presentation should take between 4 -8 minutes to deliver. Rubric