Reconstruction 1865 1877 Stop and think 1 How

  • Slides: 11
Download presentation
Reconstruction 1865 -1877

Reconstruction 1865 -1877

Stop and think #1 � How should the U. S. bring the South back

Stop and think #1 � How should the U. S. bring the South back into the Union?

Lincoln’s plan for Reconstruction � Plan was based on forgiveness (pardon all Southerners expect

Lincoln’s plan for Reconstruction � Plan was based on forgiveness (pardon all Southerners expect high ranking Confederate leaders) � 10% of a state’s population would take an oath to be loyal to the U. S. � Remove slavery from state laws � Adopt the 13 th, 14 th, and 15 th Amendments

Stop and think #2 � How should the government integrate and protect newly freed

Stop and think #2 � How should the government integrate and protect newly freed black men and women?

Black Codes � Southern states passes law to take away rights from freed African.

Black Codes � Southern states passes law to take away rights from freed African. Americans. � Couldn’t own land � Couldn’t own a gun � Couldn’t meet together after sunset � Couldn’t marry white people

Freedmen’s Bureau � Gov’t agency to provide services to freed slaves and war victims

Freedmen’s Bureau � Gov’t agency to provide services to freed slaves and war victims � Northern abolitionists risked their lives to help Southern freedmen.

Freedmen Bureau’s Schools � About 250, 000 students attend 4, 300 schools � University

Freedmen Bureau’s Schools � About 250, 000 students attend 4, 300 schools � University � Howard founded: Univ. � Hampton Institute

Nicknames � Carpetbaggers- a Northerner who went to the South after the Civil War

Nicknames � Carpetbaggers- a Northerner who went to the South after the Civil War (either for personal gain or to help) � Scalawags- white Southerners who always supported the Union.

Pres. Johnson’s Plan for Reconstruction � 10% of state’s population takes loyalty oath �

Pres. Johnson’s Plan for Reconstruction � 10% of state’s population takes loyalty oath � No pardons for Confederates who killed POWs � Pass the 13 th amendment � Very plan similar to Lincoln’s

Radical Republican Plan � South under military rule � Required Southern states to allow

Radical Republican Plan � South under military rule � Required Southern states to allow all eligible voters, including African Americans, to vote � Temporarily barred Confederate supporters from voting � Ratify the 13 th and 14 th Amendments

The President vs. Congress � Congress tried to impeach Johnson � He removed Sec.

The President vs. Congress � Congress tried to impeach Johnson � He removed Sec. of War Stanton � Tenure of Office Act stated that a President could not remove an appointed official without the consent of Congress � Congress brought charges of impeachment � The Senate voted 35 guilty to 19 not guilty � Johnson was acquitted � One vote short of impeachment � Radical plan is used in Reconstruction (Reconstruction act of 1867)