- Slides: 11
Reconstruction 1865 -1877
Stop and think #1 � How should the U. S. bring the South back into the Union?
Lincoln’s plan for Reconstruction � Plan was based on forgiveness (pardon all Southerners expect high ranking Confederate leaders) � 10% of a state’s population would take an oath to be loyal to the U. S. � Remove slavery from state laws � Adopt the 13 th, 14 th, and 15 th Amendments
Stop and think #2 � How should the government integrate and protect newly freed black men and women?
Black Codes � Southern states passes law to take away rights from freed African. Americans. � Couldn’t own land � Couldn’t own a gun � Couldn’t meet together after sunset � Couldn’t marry white people
Freedmen’s Bureau � Gov’t agency to provide services to freed slaves and war victims � Northern abolitionists risked their lives to help Southern freedmen.
Freedmen Bureau’s Schools � About 250, 000 students attend 4, 300 schools � University � Howard founded: Univ. � Hampton Institute
Nicknames � Carpetbaggers- a Northerner who went to the South after the Civil War (either for personal gain or to help) � Scalawags- white Southerners who always supported the Union.
Pres. Johnson’s Plan for Reconstruction � 10% of state’s population takes loyalty oath � No pardons for Confederates who killed POWs � Pass the 13 th amendment � Very plan similar to Lincoln’s
Radical Republican Plan � South under military rule � Required Southern states to allow all eligible voters, including African Americans, to vote � Temporarily barred Confederate supporters from voting � Ratify the 13 th and 14 th Amendments
The President vs. Congress � Congress tried to impeach Johnson � He removed Sec. of War Stanton � Tenure of Office Act stated that a President could not remove an appointed official without the consent of Congress � Congress brought charges of impeachment � The Senate voted 35 guilty to 19 not guilty � Johnson was acquitted � One vote short of impeachment � Radical plan is used in Reconstruction (Reconstruction act of 1867)