# Receivables Notes Receivable and Interest Revenue Receivables Premise

• Slides: 38

Receivables Notes Receivable and Interest Revenue

Receivables Premise:

Receivables Premise: When you extend credit to customers…

Receivables Premise: When you extend credit to customers… you know some customers won’t pay.

Receivables Premise: When you extend credit to customers… you know some customers won’t pay. Solutions:

Receivables Premise: When you extend credit to customers… you know some customers won’t pay. Solutions: I. Notes Receivable and Interest

Receivables Premise: When you extend credit to customers… you know some customers won’t pay. Solutions: I. Notes Receivable and Interest II. Uncollectible Accounts

Receivables Premise: When you extend credit to customers… you know some customers won’t pay. Solutions: I. Notes Receivable and Interest II. Uncollectible Accounts Lecture

Receivables Premise: When you extend credit to customers… you know some customers won’t pay. Solutions: I. Notes Receivable and Interest Today II. Uncollectible Accounts

Why Notes instead of Accounts Receivable? ücharge (earn) interest üstronger legal claim ümore liquid -- may be converted to cash selling A/R called “factoring” selling Notes Receivable called “discounting”

Calculating Interest P x R x T ürate is an annual rate ütime expressed as a portion of year government uses 365 many banks use 360 in homework / class

Short-cut “ 6% - 60 day” Method \$844. x 6% x 60 / 360 = ? ? ? \$844. = ? ? ?

Short-cut “ 6% - 60 day” Method \$844. x 6% x 60 / 360 = ? ? ? \$844. = \$8. 44

Short-cut “ 6% - 60 day” Method \$844. x 6% x 60 / 360 = ? ? ? \$844. = \$8. 44 You try. . .

Short-cut “ 6% - 60 day” Method \$844. x 6% x 60 / 360 = ? ? ? \$844. = \$8. 44 You try. . . 6% for 30 days =

Short-cut “ 6% - 60 day” Method \$844. x 6% x 60 / 360 = ? ? ? \$844. = \$8. 44 You try. . . 6% for 30 days = \$4. 22

Short-cut “ 6% - 60 day” Method \$844. x 6% x 60 / 360 = ? ? ? \$844. = \$8. 44 You try. . . 6% for 30 days = \$4. 22 12% for 60 days =

Short-cut “ 6% - 60 day” Method \$844. x 6% x 60 / 360 = ? ? ? \$844. = \$8. 44 You try. . . 6% for 30 days = \$4. 22 12% for 60 days = \$16. 88

Determining the (Exact) Due Date • Learn the number of days in each month • poem method • knuckle method • counting days if term of note • stated in days • stated in months

Example of Counting Days A 60 -day note dated August 17 is due ____. 31 - 17 14 + 30 44 + ? ? 60 The note is due October 16.

Due Date When Stated in Months RULE: “same day of the month”

Examples of Counting Months A two-month note dated August 17 is due ______. October 17

Due Date When Stated in Months RULE: “same day of the month” EXCEPTION: how to deal with EOM “last day of month”

Examples of Counting Months A two-month note dated August 17 is due ______. October 17 A three-month note dated Nov. 30 is due ______. February 28 A three-month note dated April 30 is due ______. July 30

Exercise E 9 -8 page 388 8/16 Sold merchandise to Prentice Berge on account, \$4, 000. Date Account Title 16 Accounts Receivable - PB Sales Ref Debit Credit 4, 000 Should also record reduction in inventory. 4, 000

Exercise E 9 -8 page 388 11/1 Loaned \$18, 000 cash to Sally Morgan on a 1 -year, 10% note. Date Account Title 1 Notes Receivable Cash Ref Debit Credit 18, 000 What about the interest? 18, 000

interest Ever been lost. . . … at Disney. World? … in a hospital? … in an office building? 11/1 You are here! Interest What about the discount? 10/31

Exercise E 9 -8 page 388 12/11 Sold goods to Sue Adams, Inc. , receiving a \$6, 000, 90 -day, 12% note. Date Account Title 1 Notes Receivable Sales Ref Debit Credit 6, 000 Should also record reduction in inventory. 6, 000

Exercise E 9 -8 page 388 8/16 Sold merchandise to Prentice Berge on account, \$4, 000. Date Account Title Ref Debit Credit 16 Accounts Receivable - PB 4, 000 Sales 4, 000 12/16 Received a \$4, 000, 6 -month, 12% note on account from Prentice Berge. Date Account Title 16 Notes Receivable Accounts Receivable - PB Ref Debit Credit 4, 000

Exercise E 9 -8 page 388 12/31 Accrued interest revenue on all notes receivable. Date Account Title Ref 31 Interest Receivable Interest Revenue How much? Debit Credit earned

Accrued Interest 11/1 \$18, 000, one year, 10% 12/11 12/16 \$6, 000, 90 days, 12% \$4, 000, 6 months, 12%

Accrued Interest 11/1 12/16 12/31

Accrued Interest 11/1 \$18, 000 x 10% x ? ? 12/11 \$6, 000 x 12% x ? ? 12/16 \$4, 000 x 12% x ? ? 12/31 \$18, 000 x 10% x ? ? \$6, 000 \$4, 000 xx 12% xx ? ?

Accrued Interest 11/1 2 / 12 12/11 31 - 11 = 20 12/16 ½ month 12/31 / 12= 20 31 ½ -2 month 11

Exercise E 9 -8 page 388 12/31 Accrued interest revenue on all notes receivable. Date Account Title Ref 31 Interest Receivable Interest Revenue How much? Debit Credit earned

Exercise E 9 -8 page 388 12/31 Accrued interest revenue on all notes receivable. Date Account Title Ref 31 Interest Receivable Interest Revenue \$360 Debit Credit \$360

Receivables