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Reasons for European Exploration Ch. 2, Lesson 1 EQ: What are the consequences when cultures interact?
Home Learning: Ch. 2, Lesson 1 Vocabulary (Index Cards) • • • technology compass strait Circumnavigate Columbian Exchange (found in your reading)
Bell Ringer: Dangerous Voyages Pretend that in the year 2050 you will make a voyage (journey) to outer of space. What kinds of equipment would you need to take? What are the risks of such a journey? What would make people want to make such far away voyages? Early European explorers made voyages across the Atlantic Ocean to the “New World. ”
Look at pg. 40 in your textbook.
Why do Europeans explore the New World? • For the Three G’s: –GOLD –GOD –GLORY
For Gold! • People during this time wanted to trade to make profit ($)
For Glory! • Rulers of Spain, France, and Portugal hoped to extend their influence and power through exploration. • Monarchy: government ruled by kings or queens.
For God! • European missionaries, sought to spread Christianity to the “New World”
Christopher Columbus • Italian navigator—seeks help from Spain to sail to the Indies (Asia). • Queen Isabella of Spain fund his expedition. Why? – Bring Christianity to any lands – Find new route to Asia, Spain would grow rich from trade • Columbus set out from Spain in August — October 12, 1492, he landed in the Bahamas. – He went ashore, claimed the island for Spain, and named it San Salvador http: //www. history. com/topics/exploration/christopher-columbus/videos/columbusships-are-marvels-of-engineering? m=528 e 394 da 93 ae&s=undefined&f=1&free=false http: //videos. huffing tonpost. com/politics/-the-real-story-ofcolumbus-517998547
Cause and Effect • Read pg. 42 -43
Advances in Technology New TECHNOLOGY helped Europeans explore the world. • -shipbuilding improvements • -COMPASS (from China) • -quadrant • -astrolabe http: //www. history. com/topics/exploration/christopher-columbus/videos/columbus-uses-theskies-to-survive astrolabe quadrant
Other Explorers • Amerigo Vespucci sailed along South America's coast in 1502. – America is named after him. • Vasco Núñez de Balboa explored Panama in Central America. – He discovered the Pacific Ocean.
Sailing Around the World • 1520, Ferdinand Magellan reached the southern tip of South America. – He sailed through a strait and named the ocean the "Pacific. " – Magellan died during the voyage, his crew reached Spain in 1522. • His crew were the first known people to circumnavigate or sail around, the world. ’ http: //www. biography. com/people/ferdinand-magellan-9395202/videos/ferdinand-magellan-minibiography-39300675603
Cause and Effect • Read pg. 43 -46
The Columbian Exchange • A movement of living things (plants, people, animals, and diseases) between the Eastern and Western hemispheres is called the Columbian Exchange.
The Columbian Exchange
Columbian Exchange: Negative Effects • Smallpox, measles, and influenza killed many Native Americans who had no immunity towards these diseases. • Europeans decreased Amerindian populations by 90 to 95 % between the years 1519 and 1619.
Positive Effects in the Americas • Europeans brought plants and animals to the Americas. – Cattle, pigs, and horses all thrived in the Americas. – Grapes, onions, and wheat, also thrived in the Americas.
Positive Effects in Europe • The Columbian Exchange benefited Europe, too. • Corn and Potatoes from the Americas helped feed European people and improve their diet.
Critical Thinking Activity 1. Create a T-Chart like the one below. List the Negative and Positive Effects of the Columbian Exchange. Positive Effects Negative Effects 2. Do you think the positive aspects of the Columbian Exchange outweighed the negative aspects? Explain. NOTE: You must provide 2 supporting statements that support your argument.
Columbian Exchange: Positive or Negative • Make a list of the positive and negative effects of the Columbian Exchange. • In your opinion was the Columbian Exchange a positive or negative event. Provide two reasons to support your opinion.