- Slides: 29
Radical Reconstruction and freedmen • Did Radical Reconstruction (1867 -77) succeed or fail in protecting/ assisting freedmen? • What were the most significant changes in the lives of freedmen?
Radical Reconstruction…. • Freedmen’s Bureau in South to assist freedmen • 14 th Amendment- equal citizenship • 15 th Amendment- can’t deny vote based on race • Reconstruction Act- South under military control…
• What is a “carpetbagger”? • What is meant by “bayonet rule”? • What is the message of this cartoon ? CARPETBAG AND BAYONET RULE THE SOLID SOUTH
Under Reconstruction, Republican government control the South: • scalawags- white southern “traitors” who cooperate with the Republican governments • Carpetbaggers- northern Republicans who move into the south • Freedmen- former slaves (90% Republican) 1867 cartoon- military registering freedmen to vote 1868 cartoon 1872 cartoon
How did things change former slaves during Reconstruction? • Alone or with a partner, read the assigned sections of textbook (ch. 12, section 2) • Identify the main idea(s) in the section • Identify and bullet at least 3 supporting facts/details • (feel free to use a separate piece of paper if you’ve large handwriting)
Voting/ Political Power (African Americans as Voters, p. 386 Politics and African Americans, p. 389) MAIN IDEA(S): • AT LEAST 3 SUPPORTING DETAILS:
Voting/ Political Power (African Americans as Voters, p. 386 Politics and African Americans, p. 389) MAIN IDEA(S): 15 th Amendment- African American (AA) men register to vote for the first time • AT LEAST 3 SUPPORTING DETAILS: • 9/10 AAs vote Republican • 90% of eligible AAs vote in the South • Face hardships- (threatened by employers)
Voting/ Political Power (African Americans as Voters, p. 386 Politics and African Americans, p. 389) MAIN IDEA(S): 15 th Amendment- African American (AA) men register to vote for the first time • 1865 -1877 - AAs involved in politics for the first time • AT LEAST 3 SUPPORTING DETAILS: 9/10 AAs vote Republican 90% of eligible AAs vote in the South Face hardships- threatened by employers Afr. Ams. held office in local, state, and federal gov’t S Carolina- held a majority in state legislature 16 AAs elected to US Congress Hiram Revels- 1 st AA Senator • • • •
Voting/ Political Power
Movement: • How many “moved”? • Those who did, where did they go?
Reunification of families
RELIGION/ ORGANIZATIONS: African American churches, schools, volunteer groups form…
What is this a picture of? When do you think it was taken?
Sharecropping/ tenant farming 3. HW: Was this system fair? 4. How did it lead to a “cycle of debt”? 5. How is it like slavery? Different?
Closure • What are the 3 most important changes for freedmen during Reconstruction? Why? – Voting – Movement – Reunification of fams – Education – New organizations – Sharecropping
• Did Radical Reconstruction (1867 -77) succeed or fail in protecting/ assisting freedmen?
BB King interview • BB King– What was life like for sharecroppers in 1930 s/40 s Mississippi? – Positive? – Negative?
What is the message?
Political Cartoons • Thomas Nast – Made cartoons for Harper’s Weekly, a NORTHERN magazine • SOURCING– Do you think he’d be with President Johnson (lenient) or the Radical Republicans (punish the south, provide rights to freedmen)?
Shall I trust these men and not this man?
According to cartoons, how did attitudes towards Freedmen change over the course of Reconstruction?
COMPROMISE OF 1877 • https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=tkn. VMk VDUto • Why is it called the “the Great Betrayal”? • PREDICTION: What will happen with the return of “home rule” in the South?