§Québec city, Samuel de Champlain in 1608 §Trois-Rivière, Sieur de Laviolette 1634 §Ville-Marie (Montréal) Sieur de Maisonneuve in 1642
§Long and narrow parcel of land §Land distribution based on the French model §Distributed by the colony’s official to officers, merchants, noble or religious communities. §Owners allocate portion of their land to colonists in return of an annual payment.
§Bringing Engagé as worker or apprentice to work for a period of 3 years and encourage them to stay by encouraging them to practice agriculture in a seigneurie. §Soldiers to protect the colony and encourage them to stay after their service and settle in a seigneurie.
§Filles du Roy to balance women and man en courage mariage. §Baby bonus granted to families with more than 10 children. §Fine for unmarried daughters and sons.
§Evangelize the Aboriginal people (convert them to the Christian faith. §Take care of schools and hospitals. §Ensure the continuity of the catholic faith in New France among the colonist.
§Settlement around the St-Lawrence River. §Development of seigneuries. §Increasing population due to immigration of Engager, Soldiers and Filles du Roy §Increasing population by Natural Grow. §Governor and Intendant in charge, Church is really important.
§The 13 colonies and New France had to fight for their mother country. New France lost to the British soldier in 1760 during the Battle of the plain of Abraham. The colony was control by the British Soldiers until 1963 (the end of the war)
§Britain Won §France had to give the territory of New France to Great Britain. §It was made official in the Treaty of Paris in 1963.
§Because they wanted to assimilate the French population. §They wanted to encourage the British immigration.
§The Francophone were having big families. (an average of 7 kids per family) §They were afraid they would be assimilated by the Anglophone. It was their way to preserve their identity.
§The loyalist were colonist living in the 13 colonies. After the war of Independence in 1776, some American didn’t want to be independent and wanted to remain loyal to the British crown. In order to do that, they move to Lower and upper Canada since it had recently become an British territory. They were called Loyalist
§With the protectionism at the border, the national policy help the development of the Canadian market. §With the construction of the railway, it help for the good exchange through the country. §With the new immigration to the west, it help with the development of the new provinces and increase the population in Canada.
§The government wanted the new immigrant to settle in the West to populate the country and to develop the provinces. Also the government wanted immigrants to settle in city and work in factories.
§With the modernization of the machinery and the overpopulated farmland. People started to move to the cities to work in manufactories. This movement of emigration from rural to urban area is call urbanization. The constant presence of available workers in the cities, permitted the development of many factories and it help the industrialization of Canada.
§The living condition were horrible. People were living in small and crowded houses. They didn’t have a proper sanitary system or clean water to drink. Disease were spreading fast in those neighborhood and children were the first one to die.
§ In the beginning, it was the aboriginal peoples who came to the Americas and colonized them and by extension, also colonize the present day Quebec territory. § Several century later. , around the year 1500, they came into contact with Europeans, who did not manage to settle on their lands permanently.
§ In 1608, Samuel de Champlain left France settlement in Québec City. As a result of his effort, the French managed to gradually settle and colonize North America. In the 18 th century, an agricultural society was firmly established in New France.
§ In the 19 th century, the composition of Québec’s population changed as a result of migration flows. In 1830, the society started to welcome a growing number of immigrants of British origin. Around 1840 s, French Canadians started migrating to the US.
§ In the early 20 s century, urbanization continued as a portion of Québec society moved to the working-class neighborhoods in the city as the result of urbanization. Today, most of the population of Québec lives in cities, mainly in the Montréal metropolitan area. People of diverse origins and cultures with a variety of occupations, live there in large numbers.