Pumping Apparatus DriverOperator Lesson 2 Pumping Apparatus DriverOperator

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Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator — Lesson 2 Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator Handbook, 2 nd Edition Chapter

Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator — Lesson 2 Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator Handbook, 2 nd Edition Chapter 2 — Types of Fire Apparatus Equipped with a Fire Pump Instructor

Learning Objectives 1. Answer questions about fire department pumpers. 2. Choose correct responses about

Learning Objectives 1. Answer questions about fire department pumpers. 2. Choose correct responses about various types of pumpers. 3. Select facts about mobile water supply apparatus. 4. Recall information about wildland fire apparatus. (Continued) Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 1

Learning Objectives 5. Complete ICS pumper and water tender (tanker) classification tables. 6. Select

Learning Objectives 5. Complete ICS pumper and water tender (tanker) classification tables. 6. Select from a list characteristics of aircraft rescue and fire fighting (ARFF) apparatus. 7. Select from a list characteristics of fire boat apparatus. 8. List reasons for equipping aerial(Continued) Apparatus apparatus with. Pumping fire pumps. Driver/Operator 2

Learning Objectives 9. Answer questions about aerial apparatus equipped with fire pumps. 10. Select

Learning Objectives 9. Answer questions about aerial apparatus equipped with fire pumps. 10. Select from a list characteristics of ladder tenders. 11. Select facts about rescue apparatus equipped with fire pumps. 12. Recognize information about electric (Continued) power generation equipment. Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 3

Learning Objectives 13. Answer questions about scene lighting and electric power distribution equipment. 14.

Learning Objectives 13. Answer questions about scene lighting and electric power distribution equipment. 14. Select facts about hydraulic rescue tool systems. Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 4

Fire Department Pumpers • Provide water at an adequate pressure for fire streams •

Fire Department Pumpers • Provide water at an adequate pressure for fire streams • Are regulated by NFPA 1901 • Must have a minimum pump capacity of 750 gpm (3 000 L/min); larger pumps are found in increments of 250 gpm (1 000 L/min) (Continued) Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 5

Fire Department Pumpers • Must have intake and discharge pump connections, pump and engine

Fire Department Pumpers • Must have intake and discharge pump connections, pump and engine controls, gauges, and other components to allow the driver/operator to use the pump • Must be equipped with a variety of hose sizes and types (Continued) Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 6

Fire Department Pumpers • May include various types of equipment • May be combined

Fire Department Pumpers • May include various types of equipment • May be combined with the functions of a rescue company Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 7

Industrial Pumpers with Foam Capability • Are large-capacity foam pumpers, manned by the site

Industrial Pumpers with Foam Capability • Are large-capacity foam pumpers, manned by the site fire brigade • Are primarily intended to produce large quantities of foam solution to attack Class B fires and suppress vapors in spills • Are built according to NFPA 1901 (Continued) Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 8

Industrial Pumpers with Foam Capability • May be equipped with around-the-pump, direct injection, balanced

Industrial Pumpers with Foam Capability • May be equipped with around-the-pump, direct injection, balanced pressure foam proportioning systems, compressed-air foam systems (CAFS), or a combination of these • May have CAFS in addition to, not instead of, a proportioning system • Use some form of balanced pressure proportioning system because of the reliability of the foam proportioning at large flows (Continued) Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 9

Industrial Pumpers with Foam Capability • Are equipped with fire pumps that range in

Industrial Pumpers with Foam Capability • Are equipped with fire pumps that range in capacity from 1, 000 to 3, 000 gpm (4 000 L/min to 12 000 L/min) or greater • Most have large foam concentrate tank on board, ranging from 500 to 1, 500 gallons (2 000 L to 6 000 L) of concentrate (Continued) Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 10

Industrial Pumpers with Foam Capability • Are typically equipped with a large fixed foam/water

Industrial Pumpers with Foam Capability • Are typically equipped with a large fixed foam/water turret capable of flowing the entire capacity of the fire pump Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 11

Municipal Pumpers with Foam Capability • Some may be equipped with fixed Class A

Municipal Pumpers with Foam Capability • Some may be equipped with fixed Class A and/or Class B foam systems • Have foam proportioning systems that are typically scaled-down versions of those described for industrial apparatus • Range from 20 to 100 gallons (80 L to 400 L) • Are designed to be refilled with 5 gallon (20 L) containers when necessary Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 12

Pumpers with Elevating Water Devices • Provide a means for discharging fire streams from

Pumpers with Elevating Water Devices • Provide a means for discharging fire streams from elevated nozzles • Can be used to apply fire streams to the lower floors of a building • Range in height from 50 to 75 feet (15 m to 23 m) (Continued) Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 13

Pumpers with Elevating Water Devices Photo courtesy: Joel Woods Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 14

Pumpers with Elevating Water Devices Photo courtesy: Joel Woods Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 14

Initial Attack Fire Apparatus • Are basically scaled-down versions of the fire department pumpers

Initial Attack Fire Apparatus • Are basically scaled-down versions of the fire department pumpers previously described • Are built according to NFPA 1901 • Types – Minipumpers – Midipumpers Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 15

Minipumpers • Are smaller, quick-attack pumpers • Are designed to handle small fires that

Minipumpers • Are smaller, quick-attack pumpers • Are designed to handle small fires that do not require the capacity or personnel needed for a larger pumper • Enable a department to initiate a quick attack on small fires or fires in remote locations (Continued) Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 16

Minipumpers • Many are equipped with four-wheel drive • Are most often mounted on

Minipumpers • Many are equipped with four-wheel drive • Are most often mounted on one-ton chassis with custom-made bodies or modular units • Most have pumps with a capacity of no larger than 500 gpm (2 000 L/min) (Continued) Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 17

Minipumpers • Carry most of the same equipment as a larger pumper, but in

Minipumpers • Carry most of the same equipment as a larger pumper, but in smaller numbers • Are able to get into small spaces to set up a master stream Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 18

Midipumpers • Are well suited for small fires • Have the ability to start

Midipumpers • Are well suited for small fires • Have the ability to start an initial attack on larger fires • Are built on a chassis usually over 12, 000 pounds (5 443 kg) Gross Vehicle Weight (Continued) Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 19

Midipumpers • Are routinely equipped with pumps as large as 1, 000 gpm (4

Midipumpers • Are routinely equipped with pumps as large as 1, 000 gpm (4 000 L/min) • Typically carry the same type equipment as a full-size pumper (Continued) Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 20

Midipumpers Photo courtesy: Joel Woods Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 21

Midipumpers Photo courtesy: Joel Woods Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 21

Differences Between Minipumpers and Midipumpers • Size • Pump Capacity • Amount of equipment

Differences Between Minipumpers and Midipumpers • Size • Pump Capacity • Amount of equipment carried Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 22

Mobile Water Supply Apparatus • Also known as water tenders or tankers • Are

Mobile Water Supply Apparatus • Also known as water tenders or tankers • Are used to transport water to areas beyond a water system or to areas where water supply is inadequate • Have water tanks that are larger than those generally found on standard pumpers • Are designed to meet NFPA 1901 (Continued) Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 23

Mobile Water Supply Apparatus • Must carry at least 1, 000 gallons (4 000

Mobile Water Supply Apparatus • Must carry at least 1, 000 gallons (4 000 L) to be considered a mobile water supply apparatus • Are limited to 1, 500 gallons (6 000 L) or less for single rear-axle vehicles • Are used as support vehicles for pumpers that are attacking a fire (Continued) Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 24

Mobile Water Supply Apparatus Photo courtesy: Joel Woods Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 25

Mobile Water Supply Apparatus Photo courtesy: Joel Woods Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 25

Factors Affecting Water Tank Size of Mobile Water Supply Apparatus • Terrain • Bridge

Factors Affecting Water Tank Size of Mobile Water Supply Apparatus • Terrain • Bridge weight limits • Monetary constraints • Size of other mobile water supply apparatus in the area Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 26

Construction Requirements of Mobile Water Supply Apparatus • Adequate but reasonable water tank capacity

Construction Requirements of Mobile Water Supply Apparatus • Adequate but reasonable water tank capacity • Adequate filling rate • Adequate dump time • Adequate suspension and steering Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 27 (Continued)

Construction Requirements of Mobile Water Supply Apparatus • Properly sized chassis • Properly sized

Construction Requirements of Mobile Water Supply Apparatus • Properly sized chassis • Properly sized engine for tank size and terrain • Sufficient braking ability • Proper tank mounting Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 28 (Continued)

Construction Requirements of Mobile Water Supply Apparatus • Proper and safe tank baffling •

Construction Requirements of Mobile Water Supply Apparatus • Proper and safe tank baffling • Adequate tank venting system • Ability to dump water from either side or the rear of the apparatus Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 29

Wildland Fire Apparatus • Are lightweight, highly maneuverable vehicles that can go places inaccessible

Wildland Fire Apparatus • Are lightweight, highly maneuverable vehicles that can go places inaccessible to larger apparatus • Are usually built on a one-ton or larger vehicle chassis, and most have all-wheel drive • Most have pump capacities and water tank sizes of less than 500 gallons (2 000 L) (Continued) Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 30

Wildland Fire Apparatus • Have the ability to “pump and roll” – Method 1:

Wildland Fire Apparatus • Have the ability to “pump and roll” – Method 1: Firefighters use short sections of attack hose, walking alongside the apparatus (staying in the “black” or burned area) and extinguishing fire as they go – Method 2: Firefighters use nozzles that are remotely controlled from inside the cab (Continued) Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 31

Wildland Fire Apparatus • Some jurisdictions design their apparatus so that firefighters may ride

Wildland Fire Apparatus • Some jurisdictions design their apparatus so that firefighters may ride on the outside of the vehicle and discharge water as the vehicle is driven. This practice is strictly prohibited by NFPA 1500. (Continued) Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 32

Wildland Fire Apparatus • WARNING! It is hazardous to ride on the outside of

Wildland Fire Apparatus • WARNING! It is hazardous to ride on the outside of any fire apparatus, even during slow-speed supply-hose-loading operations. IFSTA does not condone riding on the outside of the apparatus. (Continued) Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 33

Wildland Fire Apparatus • Most carry booster hose, forestry hose, or small diameter attack

Wildland Fire Apparatus • Most carry booster hose, forestry hose, or small diameter attack lines • May be equipped with remote-controlled nozzles or ground sweep nozzles • May carry Class A foam agents (Continued) Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 34

Wildland Fire Apparatus • Carry booster tanks that vary from approximately 50 gallons (200

Wildland Fire Apparatus • Carry booster tanks that vary from approximately 50 gallons (200 L) on allterrain vehicles to in excess of 1, 000 gallons (4 000 L) on larger apparatus Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 35

ICS Pumper and Water Tender (Tanker) Typing • The Incident Command System (ICS), as

ICS Pumper and Water Tender (Tanker) Typing • The Incident Command System (ICS), as defined by the National Incident Management System (NIMS) categorizes pumping apparatus by capability. • Tables 2. 1 and 2. 2 are taken from the National Wildfire Coordinating Group (NWCG). (Continued) Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 36

ICS Pumper and Water Tender (Tanker) Typing • While similar to those of the

ICS Pumper and Water Tender (Tanker) Typing • While similar to those of the NWCG, the FEMA resource typing requirements are shown in Tables 2. 3 and 2. 4 • Individual states or jurisdictions may have their own method of typing Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 37

ARFF Apparatus • Were formerly referred to as crash, fire, rescue (CFR) vehicles •

ARFF Apparatus • Were formerly referred to as crash, fire, rescue (CFR) vehicles • Provide immediate suppression of flammable liquid fires and suppression of spill vapors on airport properties • Are required to meet NFPA 414 (Continued) Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 38

ARFF Apparatus • Classifications – Major fire fighting vehicles – Rapid intervention vehicles –

ARFF Apparatus • Classifications – Major fire fighting vehicles – Rapid intervention vehicles – Combined agent vehicles Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 39

Fire Boat Apparatus • Protect docks, wharves, piers, and boats in waterfront cities •

Fire Boat Apparatus • Protect docks, wharves, piers, and boats in waterfront cities • May be a small, high-speed, shallow draft vessel, or may be the size of a river, harbor, or ocean-going tug, depending on duties and area to be covered (Continued) Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 40

Fire Boat Apparatus • May be used for ice or water rescue, fire fighting,

Fire Boat Apparatus • May be used for ice or water rescue, fire fighting, or relaying water to land-based apparatus • May deliver as much as 26, 000 gpm (98 420 L/min) (Continued) Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 41

Fire Boat Apparatus • Smaller boats are propelled by water jets or are amphibious

Fire Boat Apparatus • Smaller boats are propelled by water jets or are amphibious • Heavy duty boats are powered by marinetype diesel engines Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 42

Reasons for Equipping Aerial Apparatus with Fire Pumps • The apparatus may be operated

Reasons for Equipping Aerial Apparatus with Fire Pumps • The apparatus may be operated as a ladder company, engine company, or both, providing the fire department with more flexibility. • The apparatus will be capable of supplying its own elevated master stream. (Continued) Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 43

Reasons for Equipping Aerial Apparatus with Fire Pumps • The apparatus may be used

Reasons for Equipping Aerial Apparatus with Fire Pumps • The apparatus may be used to extinguish small fires encountered when an engine company is not present. • The apparatus may be used to protect itself in high radiant-heat situations. Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 44

Aerial Apparatus Equipped with Fire Pumps • Will include various sizes of pumps depending

Aerial Apparatus Equipped with Fire Pumps • Will include various sizes of pumps depending on the preference of the local jurisdiction • Must have a minimum pump capacity of 250 gpm (946 L/min) – May specify smaller or larger pumps depending on need (Continued) Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 45

Aerial Apparatus Equipped with Fire Pumps Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 46

Aerial Apparatus Equipped with Fire Pumps Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 46

Ladder Tenders • Are smaller units used on incidents that do not require full-size

Ladder Tenders • Are smaller units used on incidents that do not require full-size ladder trucks • May be equipped with relatively small water tanks, fire pumps, and booster hose that allow them to handle small nuisance fires and some vehicle fires (Continued) Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 47

Ladder Tenders Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 48

Ladder Tenders Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 48

Rescue Apparatus Equipped with Fire Pumps • Can handle small fires and provide protective

Rescue Apparatus Equipped with Fire Pumps • Can handle small fires and provide protective hoselines at incident scenes; do not have the fire fighting capabilities of a full-sized fire department pumper • Generally have a pump with a rated capacity of 500 gpm (2 000 L/min) or less (Continued) Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 49

Rescue Apparatus Equipped with Fire Pumps • Usually carry 500 gallons (2 000 L)

Rescue Apparatus Equipped with Fire Pumps • Usually carry 500 gallons (2 000 L) of water or less • May be equipped with foam proportioning systems and a foam concentrate tank • Commonly have the fire pump panel located inside one of the compartments Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 50

Inverters • Are used on pumpers when the local jurisdiction determines that it is

Inverters • Are used on pumpers when the local jurisdiction determines that it is not necessary for the pumper to be able to generate large amounts of power • Converts the vehicle’s 12 - or 24 -volt DC current into 110 - or 220 -volt AC current (Continued) Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 51

Inverters • Are generally capable of providing approximately 1, 500 watts (1. 5 k.

Inverters • Are generally capable of providing approximately 1, 500 watts (1. 5 k. W) or more of electric power • Are most commonly used to power vehiclemounted floodlights (Continued) Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 52

Inverters • Advantages — Fuel efficiency and low or nonexistent noise during operation •

Inverters • Advantages — Fuel efficiency and low or nonexistent noise during operation • Disadvantages — Small capacities and limited mobility from the vehicle Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 53

Portable Generators • Are the most common power source used for emergency services •

Portable Generators • Are the most common power source used for emergency services • Are powered by small gasoline or diesel engines • Generally have 110 - and/or 220 -volt capacities (Continued) Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 54

Portable Generators • Can be operated in the compartment of the apparatus, or can

Portable Generators • Can be operated in the compartment of the apparatus, or can be carried to a remote location • Are designed to be carried by one or two people • Are designed with a variety of power capabilities, with 5, 000 watts (5 k. W) of power being the largest (Continued) Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 55

Portable Generators Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 56

Portable Generators Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 56

Vehicle-Mounted Generators • Usually have a larger capacity than portable units • Provide power

Vehicle-Mounted Generators • Usually have a larger capacity than portable units • Provide power for portable equipment and for the floodlighting system on the vehicle • Can be powered by gasoline, diesel, or propane engines or by hydraulic or power take-off systems (Continued) Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 57

Vehicle-Mounted Generators • Usually have fixed floodlights wired directly to the unit with outlets

Vehicle-Mounted Generators • Usually have fixed floodlights wired directly to the unit with outlets for other equipment • Generally have 110 - and 220 -volt capabilities • Pumpers commonly have capacities up to 12, 000 watts (12 k. W) (Continued) Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 58

Vehicle-Mounted Generators • Rescue vehicles may have capacities up to 50, 000 watts (50

Vehicle-Mounted Generators • Rescue vehicles may have capacities up to 50, 000 watts (50 k. W) or more • Can be noisy Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 59

Portable Lights • Are used where fixed lights are not able to reach or

Portable Lights • Are used where fixed lights are not able to reach or when additional lighting is necessary • Range from 300 to 1, 000 watts (0. 3 k. W to 1 k. W) • May be supplied by a cord from the power plant or may have a self-contained power unit (Continued) Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 60

Portable Lights • Usually have handles for safe carrying and large bases for stable

Portable Lights • Usually have handles for safe carrying and large bases for stable setting and placement • Some are connected to telescoping stands that eliminate the need for personnel to either hold them or find something to set them on (Continued) Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 61

Portable Lights Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 62

Portable Lights Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 62

Fixed Lights • Are mounted to the vehicle • Provide overall lighting of the

Fixed Lights • Are mounted to the vehicle • Provide overall lighting of the emergency scene • Are usually mounted to be raised, lowered, or turned to provide the best possible lighting (Continued) Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 63

Fixed Lights • Are often mounted on telescoping poles that allow movement • May

Fixed Lights • Are often mounted on telescoping poles that allow movement • May include electrically, pneumatically, or hydraulically operated booms with a bank of lights • Range from 500 to 1, 500 watts (0. 5 k. W to 1. 5 k. W) per light in the bank of lights Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 64 (Continued)

Fixed Lights Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 65

Fixed Lights Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 65

Electric Distribution Equipment • Electrical cables or extension cords – Are necessary to conduct

Electric Distribution Equipment • Electrical cables or extension cords – Are necessary to conduct electrical power to portable equipment – Are most often a 12 -gauge, 3 -wire type – Must be adequately insulated, waterproof, and have no exposed wires (Continued) Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 66

Electric Distribution Equipment • Junction boxes – Used when multiple connections are needed –

Electric Distribution Equipment • Junction boxes – Used when multiple connections are needed – Are supplied by one inlet from the power plant and are fitted with several outlets • Adapters – For use where mutual aid departments frequently work together and have different sizes or types of connectors Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 67

Powered Hydraulic Extrication Equipment • Types – – Spreaders Shears Combination spreader/shears Extension rams

Powered Hydraulic Extrication Equipment • Types – – Spreaders Shears Combination spreader/shears Extension rams • Are used in most extrication situations due to their wide range of uses, speed, and superior power (Continued) Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 68

Powered Hydraulic Extrication Equipment • Receive their power from – Compressed air – Electric

Powered Hydraulic Extrication Equipment • Receive their power from – Compressed air – Electric motors – Two- or four-cycle gas motors – Apparatus-mounted power take-off systems (Continued) Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 69

Powered Hydraulic Extrication Equipment • May be portable and carried with the tool •

Powered Hydraulic Extrication Equipment • May be portable and carried with the tool • May be mounted on the vehicle and supply the tool through long coiled hoses or a hose reel line Note: Most pumps cannot operate the tool at full speed when hose length between the pump and tool exceeds 100 feet (30 m) Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 70

Summary • Fire apparatus are classified according to the functions for which they are

Summary • Fire apparatus are classified according to the functions for which they are designed. • The minimum design specifications for most pumping apparatus are contained in NFPA 1901. • Fire apparatus with water-pumping capabilities range from relatively small initialattack and wildland apparatus to large tandem-axle and tractor-drawn mobile water supply vehicles. Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 71

Discussion Questions 1. What is the minimum pump capacity of a fire department pumper?

Discussion Questions 1. What is the minimum pump capacity of a fire department pumper? 2. What are four types of fire department pumpers? 3. What are three characteristics of industrial pumpers with foam capability? (Continued) Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 72

Discussion Questions 4. What are two characteristics of municipal pumpers with foam capability? 5.

Discussion Questions 4. What are two characteristics of municipal pumpers with foam capability? 5. What are two characteristics of pumpers with elevating water devices? 6. What are two types of initial attack fire apparatus? (Continued) Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 73

Discussion Questions 7. What variables determine the size of a water tender’s tank? 8.

Discussion Questions 7. What variables determine the size of a water tender’s tank? 8. What are two ways to “pump and roll”? 9. What wildland apparatus practice is strictly prohibited by NFPA 1500? 10. What are three general Apparatus classifications Pumping of ARFF apparatus? Driver/Operator 74 (Continued)

Discussion Questions 11. What are two reasons for equipping aerial apparatus with fire pumps?

Discussion Questions 11. What are two reasons for equipping aerial apparatus with fire pumps? 12. What are three types of electric power generation equipment? 13. What are three types of powered hydraulic extrication equipment? Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator 75