Public Administration Public Administration Public administration has been

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Public Administration

Public Administration

Public Administration Public administration has been recognized as a field of systematic study in

Public Administration Public administration has been recognized as a field of systematic study in the later part of 19 th century. In the year 1887, in the writing “The study of administration” Woodrow Wilson-father of public administration disclose the importance of the study of public administration and generally it may be considered as the starting point of public administration. Contoso S u i t e s 2

According to: • Woodrow Wilson, “Public administration details systematic execution of law, every particular

According to: • Woodrow Wilson, “Public administration details systematic execution of law, every particular application of law is an act of public administration. ” • John F Fiffner, “Public administration is the co-ordination of collective efforts to implement public policy. ” • E N Gladder , “Public administration is concern with the administration of government. ” Contoso S u i t e s 3

Definition of Public Administration • Public administration means government in action. • Public Administration

Definition of Public Administration • Public administration means government in action. • Public Administration is the system of government. • Public Administration is the process of policy formulation and implementation. • Public Administration is the executive branches of government. Meaning administration comes from the Latin word AD and Ministrare. This means in general all types of public affair and co-ordination are related in public administration. Contoso S u i t e s 4

Private Administration is defined as management and organization of private business enterprises. It is

Private Administration is defined as management and organization of private business enterprises. It is an administrative function carried out by the private individuals or a group, to earn a profit. It is a business activity which is non-political in nature. Contoso S u i t e s 5

Comparison Difference between the public and private administration: topic • Circumference of the work

Comparison Difference between the public and private administration: topic • Circumference of the work • Importance work • Aim and purpose Public Administration Private Administration • The field of public administration work is very large. • but in private sector it is not so large. • The function of public administration is very important. Such as supply of gas, water, electricity etc. • The aim of public administration is to public welfare • But in opposite the function of private administration is not so important. It has alternative option too. • But in other side the aim of private administration is business. Contoso S u i t e s 6

topic Public Administration Private Administration • Direct accountability • Public administrative people or civil

topic Public Administration Private Administration • Direct accountability • Public administrative people or civil servant is directly accountable to the general people. • but private administrative people are not accountable to general people. • Difference between income and expenditure • For the betterment of the people public administration spent a lot of money rather their income. • In private administration, they always try to increase their benefit. • Profit and loss • Public administration works for the people benefit. So for the welfare of the people in some case they are not benefited. • But in private sector they will close the project if it will not be a profitable one. • Financial expanse • Public administration is an executive branch of the government. Administrative expenditure of all the public administration is paid by the legislature. • But administrative expenditure of all the private administration is paid by them. So, all the member of the administration is responsible for this. Contoso S u i t e s 7

Function of Public Administration: v ‘P’ stands for planning. Planning is the first step

Function of Public Administration: v ‘P’ stands for planning. Planning is the first step of Public Administration. i. e. working out the broad outline of the things that need to be done. v ‘O’ stands for organization. It means establishment of the formal structure of authority through which the work is sub-divided, arranged and co-ordinate for the defined objective. v ‘S’ stands for stuffing. It means the recruitment and training of the staff and maintenance of favourable conditions of work for the staff. v ‘D’ stands for directing. It means the continuous task of making decisions and embodying them in specific and general orders and instructions and thus guiding the enterprise. v ‘CO’ stands for co-ordination. It means interrelating the various parts of organization such as branches, divisions, sections of the work and elimination of overlapping. POSDCORB: P – Planning O – Organizing S – Stuffing D – Directing CO – Co-ordination R – Reporting B – Budgeting v ‘R’ stands for reporting. It means informing the authority to whom the executive is responsible as to what is going on. v ‘B’ stands for budgeting. It means accounting, fiscal planning and control. Contoso S u i t e s 8

“Public administration is the use of organization and use of man and materials to

“Public administration is the use of organization and use of man and materials to accomplish a purpose. ” Nigro ~Felix A Contoso S u i t e s 9