psychlotron org uk How might a cognitive psychologist

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psychlotron. org. uk • How might a cognitive psychologist think about phobias and OCD?

psychlotron. org. uk • How might a cognitive psychologist think about phobias and OCD? • Could perceptual processes be different in people that have anxiety disorders? How? Why?

Today’s session We are learning how to. . . Design psychological research studies Interpret

Today’s session We are learning how to. . . Design psychological research studies Interpret the results of studies Use evidence to evaluate theories psychlotron. org. uk We are learning about. . . Cognitive explanations for anxiety disorders

The cognitive approach World Thinking Perception Information Emotion Behaviour psychlotron. org. uk Mind

The cognitive approach World Thinking Perception Information Emotion Behaviour psychlotron. org. uk Mind

The cognitive approach • People with anxiety disorders feel anxious because they perceive and

The cognitive approach • People with anxiety disorders feel anxious because they perceive and understand the world in threatening ways. psychlotron. org. uk – Which sorts of perceptual process might be involved? – How might the biases in people’s thinking play a part?

Cognition and anxiety • ‘Catastrophic’ thinking (CT) • Maladaptive attempts to control CT –

Cognition and anxiety • ‘Catastrophic’ thinking (CT) • Maladaptive attempts to control CT – Phobia – avoidance, lack of reality testing – OCD – paradoxical effects of suppression psychlotron. org. uk • Tendency to misconstrue world and own responses to it

In pairs. . . – Variables & operationalisation – An alternative hypothesis – A

In pairs. . . – Variables & operationalisation – An alternative hypothesis – A sample – Controls psychlotron. org. uk • Design a study to test the idea that people with an anxiety disorder think differently from those that don’t. • You will need to think about. . .

Now swap designs with a different pair. . . – Will the study allow

Now swap designs with a different pair. . . – Will the study allow you to decide whether anxiety patients really do think differently from others? – Have appropriate variables been operationalised and controlled? – Is there anything that might show a false effect or hide a real one? psychlotron. org. uk • Can you identify any flaws in the other pair’s design?

In pairs. . . psychlotron. org. uk • Make at least one improvement to

In pairs. . . psychlotron. org. uk • Make at least one improvement to the design of your study.

One possible approach. . . • Spider or flower? (Kolassa et al, 2007) psychlotron.

One possible approach. . . • Spider or flower? (Kolassa et al, 2007) psychlotron. org. uk • We might expect that compared with nonphobics, phobics would be more likely to interpret ambiguous stimuli as threatening

What would be the problems with. . . psychlotron. org. uk • Trying to

What would be the problems with. . . psychlotron. org. uk • Trying to alter how people think to see if you can make them phobic? • Comparing phobics and non-phobics on any measure of cognition?

Homework pt. 2 • Read, understand & take notes: psychlotron. org. uk – Cognitive

Homework pt. 2 • Read, understand & take notes: psychlotron. org. uk – Cognitive explanations of anxiety (Pennington & Mc. Loughlin, 2008; pp. 294 -295; 307 -308 – Kolassa et al (2007) – link on VLE. It’s the original paper so you’ll need to work at it. Pull out AMRC