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psychlotron. org. Greetings, earthlings. We have noticed that there are two sorts of human, women and men. How are they different?
Today’s session You will learn how to. . . You will learn about. . . psychological terms l. Gender development l. Compare ‘lay’ psychological l. Sex, gender and sex-role theories with psychological stereotypes research l. Androgyny psychlotron. org. l. Define
What do you think these terms mean? psychlotron. org. • Sex • Gender • Sex-role stereotype
Gender terminology • Sex – biological characteristics of a person (genes/chromosomes; reproductive anatomy) – Male & female – Masculine & feminine • Sex-role stereotypes – widely held beliefs about expected or appropriate ways of acting for men and women psychlotron. org. • Gender – psychological or behavioural characteristics of a person relating to their sex (ways of thinking, feeling, acting)
psychlotron. org. • From the list we made earlier select one example of a sex difference, one example of a gender difference, and one example of a sexrole stereotype.
psychlotron. org. Annie Lennox. Source unknown. Androgyny Andros = male Gyne = female
Androgyny (Bem, 1974) Low psychlotron. org. High femininity High masculinity • Masculinity and femininity are independent traits • They are not inevitably linked to sex • A person can score high or low on either or both
• Why did Bem (1975) find that androgynous people were more psychologically healthy? • How far does it matter that the BSRI was based on the views of US Americans in the 1970 s? • The BSRI is a quantitative, self-report measure. Does this raise any validity concerns? psychlotron. org. Androgyny