- Slides: 19
Propaganda Movement The Campaign for the Secularization of Parishes The Cavity Mutiny and the Execution of the Three Priests Circulo Hispano-Filipino La Solidaridad La Liga Filipina
The Campaign for the Secularization of Parishes Regular Priests were Spanish who belong to religious order of Jesuits, Dominicans, Agustinians, Recoletos, Franciscans, etc. Secular Priests were Filipinos who were not members of any religious orders and who were under the authority of the bishop.
Monsignor Pedro Pelaez he, together with Monsignor Mariano Gomez, led the secularization campaign which aims to fight for the equal rights of the regular and secular priest. he died on June 3, 1863
THE CAVITE MUTINY AND EXECUTION OF THE PARISH PRIESTS Fernando La Madrid- led the Cavite Mutiny on February 12 , 1872
Father Mariano Gomez, Father Jose Burgos, and Father Jacinto Zamora (Gom. Bur. Za) - were among the earnest advocates of leading secularization campaign. -they were executed by means of garrote on February 17, 1872
What is the difference between a secular priest and a regular priest? What is the secularization campaign about? Why did it become a way to some movements to bring about independence? What reasons led the Cavity Mutiny? Why did the rebellion in Cavite failed? Why did the Spaniards accused the three priest of leading the mutiny? Why do you think was the execution of the three priests considered one of the biggest mistake of the Spanish colonial government.
Propaganda Movement Ø a peaceful crusade or campaign for reforms was done by means of pen and tongue to pressure. Ø It was organized and participated by the illustrados. Ø Propagandist were brave writers who exposed the exploitation of the Spaniards to filipinos.
Aims of the Propaganda Movement v The Spaniards and the Filipinos must be treated equally before the law. v The Philippines to become a province of Spain v Philippine representation in the Cortes (legislature) of Spain v Filipino priests to be assigned as parish priests. v The filipinos to enjoy their rights as humans.
Other well-known Filipinos who joined the founding of the Propaganda Movement v Jose Ma. Panginiban v Mariano Ponce v Pedro Serrano Laktaw v Felix Hidalgo v Juan Luna v Antonio Luna v Gregorio Sanciangco v Eduardo de lete
Circulo Hispano- Filipino Ø An organization composed of Filipino and Spaniards whose aim is to reform the Philippines during Spanish colonization. Ø Established in 1882 led by Juan Atayde Revista del Circulo Hispano-Filipino -their newspaper which is edited by Graciano Lopez Jaena
La Solidaridad Ø the official newspaper and venue for all political writing of the propaganda movement. Graciano Lopez Jaena Ø First editor in chief Ø He is an accomplished orator and writer. Ø His works are: Fray Botod ( Big Bellied Friar) Esperanzas La Hija del Fraile
Jose Rizal Ø Jose Protacio Rizal Mercado Alonso y Realonda Ø Born in Calamba , Laguna on June 19, 1861 Ø Laong-laang and Dimasalang were his pen names. Ø His famous works are Noli Me Tangere and EL Filibusterismo. Ø He dedicated El Filibusterismo to the Gom. Bur. Za.
Marcelo H. del Pilar Ø Known as the greatest writer and defender of the propaganda movement. Ø He replaced Jaena as the editor in chief of La Solidaridad. Ø He founded Diariong Tagalog. Ø He used the pen name Plaridel, Piping Dilat, Dolores Manapat Ø His famous works are: Ø Dasalan at Tocsohan Ø Caiingat Cayo Ø Sagot ng Espanya sa Hibic ng Filipinas
Other Propagandist with their pen names Ø Antonio Luna ( Taga-ilog) Ø Jose Ma. Panginaban ( JOMAPA) Ø Mariano Ponce ( Tikbalang, Naning, or Kalipulako.
The Division of Propaganda 1. Rizalinos 2. Pilarista
La Liga Filipina Ø a political association for patriotic filipinos founded by Rizal Ø Andres Bonifacio and Apolinario Mabini joined the organization AIMS § § § The unification of the entire country into one Homogeneous body Mutual protection in every want and necessity Defense against all violence and injustice Support for the development of education, agriculture and commerce Study and implementation of reforms
Why the Propaganda Movement failed? q The lack of unity among its members q The lack of funds q Spain was too preoccupied with its own political situation q The propagandist encountered hardships of their own.
Enumerate the contributions of the propaganda movement to the awakening o f the national consciousness and nationalism among the filipinos Why did the propaganda fail to attain its goals? If you were born during the Spanish colonial period, would you join the propaganda movement? Or what will be your contribution in awakening the minds of the filipinos?