Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells are the basic unit of life for ALL living things. Two Basic types 1. Prokaryotic – Domain – Bacteria and Archaea Kingdom – Eubacteria and Archaeabacteria 2. Eukaryotic – Domain – Eukaryotic Kingdom - Protists, Fungi, Plantae and Animalia
Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells Similarities • DNA – genetic material • Plasma (cell) membrane – protects the cell • Cytoplasm – where chemical reactions take place • Ribosome – makes proteins
Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells What are their differences? Prokaryotic – • No nucleus • Lack organelles • Unicellular – simple organisms • Oldest cell type • Small • DNA not in nucleus • Reproduce asexually Eukaryotic – • Membrane bound nucleus • Have organelles • Multicellular or unicellular – more complex organisms • Evolved from prokaryotic cells • Larger • DNA in nucleus • Reproduce sexually
Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells Unicellular vs. Multicellular Prokaryotic • Unicellular – made of one cell • All life activities are carried out by the cell itself with its internal structures. Eukaryotic • Multicellular – made of more than one cell • Organism is a group of cells that function in the same way to form tissue or organs.
Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells Eukaryotes Organisms with Eukaryotic cells • Yeast • Paramecia • Mushrooms • Grass • Potatoes • Trees • Algae • Frogs • Humans
Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells Prokaryotic • Prefix - Pro– before • Suffix – kary – nut, kernel or nucleus (Greek) • Before nucleus – no nucleus Eukaryotic • Prefix – Eu – true • Suffix – kary - nucleus • True nucleus – with nucleus Pro = before Kary = nucleus Eu = true Kary = nucleus
Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells Nucleus Prokaryotic – (before nucleus) cells do not have a membrane bound nucleus Eukaryotic – (true nucleus) cells have a membrane bound nucleus
Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells Organelles Prokaryotic Lack organelles Eukaryotic Have multiple organelles with many functions
Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells DNA Prokaryotic • DNA - one single chromosome attached to the cell membrane Eukaryotic • DNA – linear chromosomes within the nucleus
Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells Prokaryotes Organisms with prokaryotic cells • Escherichia coli (e-coli) bacterium – gives us intestinal diseases • Streptococcus bacterium – gives us strep throat. • Streptomyces bacterium – gives us the antibiotic streptomycin E-coli bacterium
Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells Size of Cells • Size – unit-micrometer • Prokaryotic – 1 -10 mm • Eukaryotic – 10 -100 mm • 10 times larger • 1 mm = 0. 0000010 m
Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells Reproduction Prokaryotic • Asexual • Two genetically identical cells are produced. Eukaryotic • Sexual • New cells genetic material is 50% from one parent and 50% from the other parent
Quick Action – INB Template Title INB Template 1. 2. 3. 4. Cut out the Template This will be the last page in the flip book. Glue along the narrow tab into your notebook. Answer the questions
Quick Action – INB Template Title INB Template 1. 2. 3. 4. Cut out the Template This is the middle page of the flipbook. Glue along narrow tab on top of the last page. Add notes from organize it!! station.
Quick Action – INB Template Title INB Template 1. 2. 3. 4. Cut out the Template cutting along all solid lines. This is the cover for your flipbook. Glue along the narrow tab and place on top of flipbook. You will now have three flipbooks in one.