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Present Perfect Simple VS Present Perfect Continuous
Present Perfect (Simple) action They have been here for a month. Have you just arrived at the station? He hasn’t done the task. connection past present future Used to denote a completed action connected with the present through its result action past present Have(has) + Participle II future • I’ve bought a good dictionary. Look at it. • You can’t see her, she has gone home. • He told me his name, but I’ve forgotten it. • “Is Sally here? ” – “No, she’s gone out” • I have known him for 2 years. • Ow! I’ve cut my finger! • I can’t find my key. I think I’ve lost it. Used for recently completed actions Forsince ever, just, already, before, never, not … yet, lately, so far, always.
Present Perfect (Simple) 7 a. m action morning 12 p. m 18 p. m afternoon evening moment of speaking Used to denote a period of time which is not over yet. Today This morning This week This month This year • • I’ve drunk four cups of coffee today. Have you had a holiday this year? I haven’t seen Tom this morning. Have you? Rob hasn’t worked hard this term. BUT if the period is over, The Past Simple is used.
Present Perfect (Simple) In special questions introduced by: Where How Who What Why What … for both the Present Perfect and the Past Simple are possible. The choice of tense in such cases is situational. • Why have you done this to me? (I’m upset) • Why did you do this? (at a certain past moment) In when –questions only Past Simple is used • When did you go there? • When did it happen?
Present Perfect (Simple) It’s the (first) time something has happened This is • Don is having a driving lesson. It’s his first one. It’s the first time he has driven a car. • This is the first time he has eaten sushi. • Bill is phoning his girlfriend again. That’s the third time he’s phoned her this evening.
Present Perfect Continuous action began in process past moment of speaking present future Have (has) + been + V-ing I’ve been living in Moscow for twenty years. He has been working since nine o’clock. Has he been working since nine o’clock? He hasn’t been working since nine o’clock. Serves to express an action in progress which began before the moment of speaking and continues into it. In this case either the starting point of the action or the period of time during which it has been in progress is indicated. • • • It has been raining ever since midnight, and it’s still drizzling. I’ve been sitting at my computer for quite a while ago. I’ve been keeping diaries all my life. action has just stopped action began • in process past present future Action was in progress quite recently and which affects the present situation, explains the state of things at the present moment. • • There are puddles everywhere. It has been raining hard. Don’t tell mother what I’ve been saying. Where have you been? I’ve been looking for you everywhere. How long, forsince