- Slides: 12
PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE & CONTINUOUS
PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE FORM: have / has + past participle USES: 1. LIFE EXPERIENCES (NEVER/ EVER) I’ve been to China I have never been to the USA. She’s ridden a horse Have you ever seen the Eiffel Tower?
PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE 2. ALREADY, JUST & YET They’ve just left She’s already called her friend They haven’t finished yet
PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE With SUPERLATIVES & “THE FIRST, SECOND, LAST TIME”, ETC It’s the best meal I’ve ever had It’s the first time he’s given a speech
PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE 3. CONNECTION PAST & PRESENT/ FUTURE - action happened in the past (we do not know the exact time) and can be repeated in the present or future I’ve read a lot of books. He’s lost his keys
PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE 4. HOW LONG / FOR/ SINCE (NONACTION – STATIVE VERBS: be, have, know, like, etc) I’ve known Maria for 10 years They’ve had that car since 2007
PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE 5. HOW MUCH / HOW MANY TIMES How many books have you written? I’ve spent too much money
PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS FORM: HAVE / HAS + BEEN + VERB + ING USES: 1. “HOW LONG / FOR / SINCE” WITH ACTION VERBS (action started in past & continues now) How long have you been feeling like this? She’s been travelling by bus for 5 years
PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS 2. REPEATED ACTIONS, ESPECIALLY WITH TIME EXPRESSIONS LIKE ALL DAY, RECENTLY, ETC I have been arguing with my husband lately. The phone has been ringing all day.
PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS 3. CONTINUOUS ACTIONS THAT HAVE JUST FINISHED (WITH RESULT IN THE PRESENT) He’s been running all day. He’s dead! A: Look at your hands! They’re so dirty! B: I know. I’ve been painting the living room
PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS 4. ACTIVITY STARTED IN THE PAST AND STILL CONTINUING INTO THE PRESENT I have been doing my homework for 2 hours.
SIMPLE OR CONTINUOUS? PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE: Emphasis on the RESULT of the action I’ve painted my living room PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS: Emphasis on the DURATION of the action I’ve been painting my living room