- Slides: 10
Present Perfect Continuous and Past Perfect
Present Perfect Continuous l have been + ing l has I have been talking. She has been working. They have been living here.
Expressa uma ação que começou no passado e terminou recentemente. You’re eyes are red. You have been crying. l She is wearing her uniform. She has been studying at school. l The children are making a snow man. It has been snowing. l George’s hair is wet. He has been taking a shower. l
Expressa uma ação que começou no passado e anda continua no presente. I have been living in São Bento for 8 years. l You have been sitting here since 9: 30 a. m. l The student have been playing soccer for one hour. l The maid has been cleaning the house since 7: 30 a. m. Or: The maid has cleaned the house since 7: 30 a. m. l
To know, to like, to believe l Normalmente não usamos formas contínuas: How long have you believed in him? Mas: How long have Will and Carol been fixing the TV?
Não confunda: Present Perfect com Present Perfect Continuous l Henry has eaten. (ação já terminada) l Henry has been eating since he arrived at home. (ação não terminada, ele ainda está comendo)
Não confunda: Perfect Continuous com Present Perfect Continuous l They are smoking right now. (indica que a ação está acontecendo no momento) l They have been smoking lately. (indica que a ação tem acontencido ultimamente, mas não necessariamente no momento. )
Past Perfect Tense l had + past participle She had eaten a lot yesterday. Monica hadn’t written the letter. Harry had answered the telephone. Cecile and Matthew hadn’t said any bad words.
Indica uma ação completamente passada, anterior à outra também expressa no passado. A ação que aconteceu primeiro é que se expressa com o Past Perfect Tense: They had taken a shower when Mary woke up. Peter had arrived before we left home. I had called them after they had lunch.
Simple Past Tense + Simple Past Tense l When I opened the window, the cat went out. l When Carl parked the car, the woman entered in it. Uma ação ocorreu logo após a outra.