Present Perfect and Present Perfect Progressive Present Perfect
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Present Perfect and Present Perfect Progressive
Present Perfect and Present Perfect Progressive Despite the presence of the word “present, ” these two verb tenses indicate actions that happened in the past. The difference between past and present perfect tenses is that “has” and “have” are used instead of “had. ”
Participles and Infinitives Infinitive - The original form of a verb. Participle: A verb form used with helper verbs such as had, has, have, was, were, etc.
Examples Infinitive Simple Past Present Participle Past Participle See Burn Saw Burned/Burnt Seeing Burning Seen Burned/Burnt
Present Perfect: Has/Have + Past Participle Use #1: Use this verb form when saying that something happened sometime in the past where you aren’t sure of exactly when or how long. Use #2: Use this verb form to say that something started in the past and stopped
Ways of Using Present Perfect Describing Experience: Octavian and Steven have run around this block several times before. Change Over Time: Bush has become more power hungry since he became president. Accomplishments: Jafet has maintained a high GPA since last year.
Ways of Using Present Perfect An Expected Uncompleted Action: This is when you know for sure the action is yet to be completed. Ex. James has not yet heard from his coach about playing on the team. Multiple Actions at Different Times: This shows actions that happened at different times in the past and which may happen again. Ex. Brittani has had numerous fights this year.
When Not To Use Present Perfect Do not use this verb form with time specific words like: last week, yesterday, three days ago, etc. , unless you are saying that something started at a specific time and is continuing until now. Example (Do not do): Aaron has been worried last week. Example (Acceptable): Isaiah has been worried about his grammar since first semester.
Present Perfect Progressive: Has/Have Been + Verb-ing § Use #1: Use this tense to show that an action started in the past and continued until the present for a certain duration of time. Use words such as “since” and “for” to indicate the block of time you’re talking about. § Example: David has been stalking Iesha for the last two weeks.
Present Perfect Progressive: Has/Have Been + Verb-ing § Use #2: You can also use this verb form to indicate that an action has been happening in the recent past and continues through the present. § Example: Iesha has been feeling scared lately because of David’s stalking.
Present Perfect vs. Present Perfect Progressive ØThe present perfect progressive form shows an action that continues the for the entire duration of time indicated. ØThe present perfect form indicates an action that has been completed and the effects of that action endures for a duration of time.