- Slides: 15
Present Continuous Yapı Kullanım Alıştırmalar
Yapı [Özne + am/is/are + Fiil+ing] Örnekler: – You are watching TV. – Are you watching TV? – You are not watching TV. Positive Negative Question I am speaking. You are speaking. We are speaking. They are speaking. He is speaking. She is speaking. It is speaking. I am not speaking. You are not speaking. We are not speaking. They are not speaking. He is not speaking. She is not speaking. It is not speaking. Am I speaking? Are you speaking? Are we speaking? Are they speaking? Is he speaking? Is she speaking? Is it speaking?
Yapı • Şimdiki Zaman - Zaman Zarfları • Present Continuous Tense cümleleri çoğu zaman şu zaman zarflarıyla beraber kullanılır: now, at the moment, today, this evening …etc.
USE 1 • Konuşma esnasında devam eden (ya da etmeyen) olayları ifade etmek için kullanılır. • Örnekler: – – – – – You are learning English now. You are not swimming now. Are you sleeping? I am sitting. I am not standing. Is he sitting or standing? They are reading their books. They are not watching television. What are you doing? Why aren't you doing your homework?
USE 2 • İngilizce’de “şimdi” demekle bazen içinde bulunulan an değil de, içinde bulunulan dönem, gün, yıl vs. kastedilebilir. Dolaysıyla, “şimdi” ibaresini, “şimdilerde” gibi de düşünmemiz gerekebilir. • Örnekler: – – – I am studying to become a doctor. I am not studying to become a dentist. I am reading the book Tom Sawyer. I am not reading any books right now. Are you working on any special projects at work? Aren't you teaching at the university now?
USE 3 • Bazen şimdiki zaman yapısıyla, yakın gelecek zamanda olacak bir eylemden bahsedilebilir. (zaman kayması) • Örnekler: – – I am meeting some friends after work. I am not going to the party tonight. Is he visiting his parents next weekend? Isn't he coming with us tonight?
USE 4 • Bazen şimdiki zaman yapısının içinde “always” ya da “constantly” kullanarak, bahsi geçen eylemden duyulan rahatsızlığı ima etmiş oluruz. • Örnekler: – She is always coming to class late. – He is constantly talking. I wish he would shut up. – I don't like them because they are always complaining.
Note: Non- Continuous Verbs • İngilizcede bazı fiiller şimdiki zaman yapısıyla kullanılamaz. Bu fiiller Türkçe’deki karşılıklarından bağımsız düşünülmeli ve – ing takısı eklenmemelidir. • Örnekler: – She is loving this chocolate ice cream. Yanlış – She loves this chocolate ice cream. Doğru – – He is needing help now. Yanlış He needs help now. Doğru He is wanting a drink now. Yanlış He wants a drink now. Doğru
Non-Continuous Verbs Bu özellikteki bazı fiiller: be, want, cost, seem, need, care, contain, owe, exist, possess, own, belong, like, love, hate, dislike, fear, envy, mind. . .
Alıştırmalar-1: He _____ hard. (to work) He is working hard. We ______ anxious. (to feel) We are feeling anxious. 1. I ________ the questions. (to answer) 2. You ________ boots. (to wear) 3. We _______ for work. (to look) 4. She _______ her friend. (to call) 5. He ________ a house. (to build) 6. They ________ supper. (to cook) 7. We _______ a story. (to tell) 8. You _______ for the bus. (to wait) 9. I ________ a book. (to read) 10. They ________ berries. (to pick)
Alıştırmalar-3: Present Simple vs. Present Continuous 1. At the moment, I _________ supper. (to cook) 2. He ________ the paper every weekday. (to read) 3. We ________ right now. (to study) 4. She ________ every day. (to study) 5. Now it ________. (to rain) 6. They _______ to Mexico every year. (to travel) 7. Just now we ________ the shopping. (to do) 8. She always ________ correctly. ( to answer) 9. You ________ never late. (to be) 10. Now I ________ to the radio. (to listen) 11. Each Sunday, we ________ the flea market. (to visit) 12. At present, I ________ for work. (to look)
References: http: //www. anselluebersetzungen. com/gramex 03. html#9 Puchta H. & Stranks J. (2012) Mind Your English. Cambridge University Press.