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PREPOSITIONS AND PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES Preposition- a word that relates its object to some other word in the sentence To have a “prepositional phrase” you need a preposition and an object of the preposition. In fact, a prepositional phrase begins with the preposition and ends with the object of the preposition.
So, your first task in seeing prepositional phrases in sentences is to see the prepositions. You must be able to see them. Here are some common prepositions we use to make prepositional phrases: About below for past Aboard beneath from since Above beside in through Across besides inside to After between into toward Against beyond like under
Along but near until Amid by of up Among concerning off upon Around down on with At during onto within Before except outside without Behind over We also have “more than one word” prepositions. Note the following:
According to in addition to instead of Because of in front of next to By means of in spite of owing to In place of as of on account of If you can “see” the preposition in a sentence, you can determine the entire prepositional phrase. Here is how you do it: 1. Find the preposition 2. 2. Using the preposition, ask the words “who” or “what” after the preposition. The answer to that question will be the object of the preposition.
First, find the prepositions: Last Tuesday, my Spanish class went on a field trip to Juarez, Mexico, across the Rio Grande from El Paso, Texas Next take the found preposition and make a question: Last what? Tuesday (Last Tuesday) On what? Field trip (on a field trip) To what? Juarez, Mexico (to Juarez, Mexico) Across what? Rio Grande (across the Rio Grande) From what (from El Paso, Texas) El Paso, Texas
PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES FUNCTION AS ADJECTIVES OR ADVERBS IN A SENTENCE John went to the store. Where? To the store - adverb Mary won the contest by cheating. How? By cheating - adverb The gentleman in the gray suit is the new school principal. Which one? In the gray suit - adjective
Prepositional phrases are groups of words which function as or in a sentence.
An adjective modifies a noun or a pronoun. It answers the question: how many? what kind? or which one?
An adverb modifies a verb, adjective, or another adverb. Adverbs tell: where, when, why, how often, how much, or to what degree.
1. The cadets marched through the woods. – “through” is the preposition – “the” is the modifier for the object “woods” – functions as an 2. Everyone in the class wrote an essay. – “in” is the preposition – “the” is the modifier for the object “class” – functions as an
1. adverb 2. adjective