PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES What are Prepositional Phrases? Remember…. . !!! !! Prepositional Phrases are groups of words containing prepositions. Look …. . ! Preposi tion The book is on the table. Subj ect Linking Verb No un By Rusman Butar What is the function of Prepositional Phrase? Remember…. . !!! !! Prepositional Phrase functions as a unified part of speech. It normally consists of a preposition and a
Look the following examples! Preposi tion Preposition + Noun Phrase They met at a party. Noun Phrase Preposition She likes to come with me. Prono un Preposition + Pronoun By Rusman Butar Preposition It is a tool for making the lay-cake. - ing clause Preposition + -ing Clause
A Prepositional Phrase can also function as an Adjective. Here, the adjective modifies the nouns, pronouns, and other adjectives. Now Look the following example! Adjective that modifies the noun (the gift) The gift inside the big box is mine. By Rusman Butar A Prepositional Phrase can also function as an Adverb. Here, the adverb modifies verbs and other adverbs. Now Look the following example! Adverb that modifies the noun (the dog) The dog barked loudly behind the tree.
There are numerous combinations in Prepositional Phrases. Some of them are as follows: A. Combinations of a preposition and an adjective: • • • Annoyed at * Different from * Interested in * Sick of * Etc. Aware of * Disappointed in/by * Known for * Surprised by/at Certain of * Familiar with * Opposed to * Tired of Composed of * Famous for * Satisfied with * Thankful for Delighted with * Happy with * Sensitive to * Thrilled by Example: I am sickofofa washing ourand plates. B. Combinations preposition a verb: • • • Ask for out Bring back Carry out Depend on End up * Figure out * Etc. * Give up * Listen to * Happen to * Make up * Interfere with * Name after * Join in * Open up * Keep on * Point * Remind of * Shut up * Think about * Wake up By Rusman Butar Example: She just can’t figure it out. She gives up! C. Other combinations: • • • Due to According to Along with Because of In fact * In addition to * By means of * In charge of * By the way * In love with * In spite of * On the other hand * In terms of * Out of order * Up to now * Etc. Example: Due to the fighting, the headmaster expelled him from
Exercise. Decide whether the prepositional phrases in the sentences are used as adjectives or adverbs. By Rusman Butar 1. The river outside the boundary is dangerous to cross. 2. We will order KFC during the break. 3. Put the fresh flower in the Chinese ceramic vase. 4. Before the first period, Hymes borrowed a book from the library. 5. The book with the plastic cover has been read many times.
By Rusman Butar