Practice of English Composition shaoguangqinggmail com www windofspring
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Practice of English Composition 영작문 연습 [email protected]. com www. windofspring. weebly. com
Contents o Unit 5 Comparison and contrast essays n n Part 1 o Thinking about the topic o Modeling writing: Bananas vs. Grapes o Comparison and contrast organizations o Reading: Learning about differences Part 2 o Free-writing (5 points for volunteers) o Reading: A walk on Sunday afternoon o Group work: From outline to essay
Thinking about the topic
Thinking about the topic Compare-and-contrast writing helps readers gain a deeper understanding and appreciation of two subjects through analyzing the relationships between them.
Thinking about the topic Compare-andcontrast writing allows you to examine the advantages and disadvantages of two subjects.
Thinking about the topic Compare-andcontrast writing helps you discover the unique similarities and differences between two subjects.
Modeling writing: the Venn diagram
Organization: o similarities-anddifferences pattern Body paragraph 1 Topic sentence about similarities ____________________ n Details ____________________ n o Body paragraph 2 Topic sentence about differences ____________________ n Details ____________________ n
Similarities-and-differences pattern o Introduction n o Body paragraph 1 n n o Topic sentence about similarities Details Body paragraph 2 n n o Hook Background information Thesis statement Topic sentence about differences Details Conclusion
Organization 2: point-by-point pattern o Body paragraph 1 n n o Topic sentence with a point of comparison: ___________ Details: _____________ Body paragraph 2 n n Topic sentence with a point of comparison: ___________ Details: _____________
point-by-point pattern o Introduction n o Body paragraph 1 n n o Topic sentence with point of comparison Details Body paragraph 2 n n o Hook Background information Thesis statement Topic sentence with point of comparison Details Conclusion
Bananas vs. Grapes o Point 1 n n o Similarities: Differences: Point 2 Nutrition facts n n o Physical properties Similarities: Differences: Point 3 Related products n n Similarities: Differences:
Reading: Learning about differences Write T or F for each statement. o __1. This was Yunus’ first trip outside of F Bangladesh. T o __2. The author was surprised by the University of Colorado students’ behavior. F o __3. The author was eager to make friends with his female classmates in Colorado. o __4. At Chittagong University, the author F had more direct internaction with the female students than with the male students.
Responding to the text o 1. How was communication between professors and students different at the University of Colorado than it was at Chittagong University? n The students at Boulder communicated with their professors in a more informal manner. The professors were more friendly with their students. At Chittagon University, the students did not address their professor unless he spoke to them first.
Responding to the text o 2. How did Yunus react to the young female students in Colorado? Why do you think this is so? n Yunus was very shy around the female students at Boulder. Perhaps this was because there were many fewer female students than male students at Chittagong University, and he did not have much interaction with them.
Responding to the text o 3. According to the author, how was the experience of female students at Chittagong University different from that of male students? n Female students were separated from male students most of the time and did not or were not allowed to participate in some activities such as politics and drama. There were many fewer female students than male students, and the female students were very shy.
Responding to the text o 4. In this piece, Yunus is writing about an experience that he had in 1965. Has students’ behavior changed over the last 40 years or has it stayed the same? n The difference between 1965 and the present day represents almost two generations, and it would be difficult to find any place in the world where the behavior of students today is the same as that of their grandparents’ generation. In many places, a student’s grandparents would never have gone to a university at all. However, it is impossible to generalize a single answer for all cultures of the world.
Free writing (5 points for each voluntary speaker) o Think of 2 places you know well and compare them. n n Describe both places. How is the appearance of both places similar or different? How are the people similar or different? How are the customs and traditions of both places similar or different?
Reading and Structural Analysis: A Walk on Sunday Afternoon o o Read the essay. What does Willowbrook Mall remind the writer of? n Willowbrook Mall reminds the writer of Moreda Street in Morelia, Mexico.
Responding to the text o 1. What does the writer like to do on Sunday afternoon? n The writer likes to spend Sunday afternoons outside the house.
Responding to the text o 2. Where did the writer go on Sunday afternoon in Morelia? n On Sunday afternoon in Morelia, the writer went to Moreda Street.
Responding to the text o 3. Where does the writer go in Houston? n In Houston, the writer goes to the Willowbrook Mall.
Responding to the text o 4. What does the writer do in these places? n The author likes to watch people, have coffee with friends, and relax.
Structural Analysis o Introduction n Hook (sentence 1) Background information (sentence 2 -3) Thesis statement o They are very different but also similar in some ways, esp. on a Sunday afternoon.
Structural Analysis o Body paragraph 1 n n o Topic sentence about similarities (Sentence 1) Similarities: In both places, people stroll and gather. Body paragraph 2 n n Topic sentence about differences (Sentence 1) Differences: The Willowbrook Mall is more modern than Moreda Street. On Modern Street the people and the architecture are more traditional.
Structural Analysis o Conclusion n Summary of similarities and differences o Moreda Street and Willowbrook Mall are very different in appearance and culture, but they are also similar because they are both places where people like to go to relax on a Sunday afternoon.
Group work: From outline to essay o o Draft an outline (either similarities-anddifferences pattern or point-by-point pattern) first and then develop this outline into a comparison and contrast essay. Topics: n n n Group Group 1: 2: 3: 4: 5: Two Two Two different people you know different pets different celebrations works of art books that you’ve read
Outline 1: Similarities-and-differences pattern o Introduction n o Body paragraph 1 n n o Topic sentence Details about similarities Body paragraph 2 n n o Hook Background information Thesis statement Topic sentence Details about differences Conclusion n Summary or comments
Outline 2: point-by-point pattern o Introduction n o Body paragraph 1 n n o Topic sentence with point of comparison Details Body paragraph 2 n n o Hook Background information Thesis statement Topic sentence with point of comparison Details Conclusion n Summary or comments