Power Point Lecture prepared by Jan Campbell THE

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Power. Point® Lecture prepared by Jan Campbell THE BASICS SIXTH EDITION 健全的關係與性: 許下承諾 Copyright

Power. Point® Lecture prepared by Jan Campbell THE BASICS SIXTH EDITION 健全的關係與性: 許下承諾 Copyright © 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. , publishing as Benjamin Cummings 5

親密關係的種類 • 家庭:誓言的約束 • 原生家庭 (Family of origin) 人從一出生的第一年到現在都 與父母及手足同住 • 核心家庭 (Nuclear family)

親密關係的種類 • 家庭:誓言的約束 • 原生家庭 (Family of origin) 人從一出生的第一年到現在都 與父母及手足同住 • 核心家庭 (Nuclear family) 由父母及子女所組成 (通常不一定要結婚) • 建立友誼 (p-5 -8) • 令人愉快的 Enjoyment • 接納 Acceptance • 信賴 Understanding • 尊重 Respect • 互助 Mutual assistance • 信任 Confiding • 瞭解 Understanding • 自發性 Spontaneity Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc. , publishing as Benjamin Cummings

Forming Intimate Relationships • 重要他人、伴侶、配偶 (p-5 -8) • 迷戀 Fascination • 獨占性 Exclusiveness •

Forming Intimate Relationships • 重要他人、伴侶、配偶 (p-5 -8) • 迷戀 Fascination • 獨占性 Exclusiveness • 性欲望 Sexual desire • 最大限度的付出 Giving • 提倡者/擁護者 Advocate Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc. , publishing as Benjamin Cummings

Forming Intimate Relationships • 這就是愛 • 陪伴之愛 Compassionate love • 熱情之愛 Passionate love •

Forming Intimate Relationships • 這就是愛 • 陪伴之愛 Compassionate love • 熱情之愛 Passionate love • There are many different definitions of love. How would you define it? Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc. , publishing as Benjamin Cummings

愛的表達 Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc. , publishing as Benjamin Cummings 圖 5.

愛的表達 Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc. , publishing as Benjamin Cummings 圖 5. 1

親密關係的性別議題 • 不同的溝通型態 希望被傾聽和了結 • 選擇伴侶 Picking Partners • 相似度 Similarities (態度、價值觀、智力與興趣) • 相互性

親密關係的性別議題 • 不同的溝通型態 希望被傾聽和了結 • 選擇伴侶 Picking Partners • 相似度 Similarities (態度、價值觀、智力與興趣) • 相互性 Reciprocity (對你感興趣或是喜歡你) • 外在的吸引力 Physical attraction • What do you look for when picking a partner? Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc. , publishing as Benjamin Cummings

克服親密關係的障礙 • 家庭功能不良 (dysfunctional family) • 家庭成員間的互動會抑制心理成長、自愛、情感表 達和個別的發展 • 猜忌 (p-5 -13) • 對親密關係過度依賴

克服親密關係的障礙 • 家庭功能不良 (dysfunctional family) • 家庭成員間的互動會抑制心理成長、自愛、情感表 達和個別的發展 • 猜忌 (p-5 -13) • 對親密關係過度依賴 Overdependence on the relationship • 過度重視性的獨占 High value placed on sexual exclusivity • 嚴重的危脅 Severity of the threat • 低自尊 Low self-esteem • 害怕失去控制 Fear of losing control Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc. , publishing as Benjamin Cummings

Committed Relationships • 結婚 • 一夫一妻制 Monogamy • 連續性一夫一妻制 Serial monogamy • 開放式關係 Open

Committed Relationships • 結婚 • 一夫一妻制 Monogamy • 連續性一夫一妻制 Serial monogamy • 開放式關係 Open relationships • 同居 Cohabitation (只有親密關係的兩個人同住在一個 屋簷下) • 習慣法婚姻 Common-law marriage Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc. , publishing as Benjamin Cummings

Committed Relationships • 同性戀的伴侶關係 • Significant increase in 2000 census – three times the

Committed Relationships • 同性戀的伴侶關係 • Significant increase in 2000 census – three times the reported number in 1990 • 數據應更多 • 保持獨身 • 37 % of American men • 41% of American women Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc. , publishing as Benjamin Cummings

成功的承諾親密關係 • 自我成長 必須先會愛自己,才能愛別人 • 負責任 Accountability • 對自己做的決定和行為負責 • 自我成長 Self-Nurturance • Developing

成功的承諾親密關係 • 自我成長 必須先會愛自己,才能愛別人 • 負責任 Accountability • 對自己做的決定和行為負責 • 自我成長 Self-Nurturance • Developing individual potential through a balanced and realistic appreciation of self-worth and ability • 要不要生小孩? Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc. , publishing as Benjamin Cummings

Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc. , publishing as Benjamin Cummings Table 5. 1

Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc. , publishing as Benjamin Cummings Table 5. 1

Building Better Relationships • Elements of Healthy Relationships (continued) • Sexual intimacy • Shared

Building Better Relationships • Elements of Healthy Relationships (continued) • Sexual intimacy • Shared history and a cherished history Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc. , publishing as Benjamin Cummings

女性生殖器官圖示 Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc. , publishing as Benjamin Cummings 圖 5.

女性生殖器官圖示 Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc. , publishing as Benjamin Cummings 圖 5. 3

女性生殖系統側面觀 Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc. , publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 5.

女性生殖系統側面觀 Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc. , publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 5. 3

女性生殖系統的解剖與生理學 • 青春期及月經週期 • Endocrine system • 下視丘 (Hypothalamus) • 性腺促泌素 (Gonadotropin) • 釋放

女性生殖系統的解剖與生理學 • 青春期及月經週期 • Endocrine system • 下視丘 (Hypothalamus) • 性腺促泌素 (Gonadotropin) • 釋放 hormone • 促濾泡成熟激素 (Follicle) – 刺激 hormone • 黃體生成激素 (Luteinizing hormone) • 動情激素 (Estrogens) • 黃體激素 (Progesterone) Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc. , publishing as Benjamin Cummings

女性生殖系統的解剖與生理學 • Puberty and the Menstrual Cycle (continued) • 初經 Menarche • 卵巢濾泡 Ovarian

女性生殖系統的解剖與生理學 • Puberty and the Menstrual Cycle (continued) • 初經 Menarche • 卵巢濾泡 Ovarian follicles • 人類絨毛性腺激素 Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) • 停經 Menopause • 動情激素療法 Estrogen replacement therapy Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc. , publishing as Benjamin Cummings

男性生殖系統側面觀 Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc. , publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 5.

男性生殖系統側面觀 Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc. , publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 5. 4

男性生殖系統的解剖與生理學 • 男性內生殖器官 Internal genitals • 輸精管 Vasa deferentia – tubules wound in the

男性生殖系統的解剖與生理學 • 男性內生殖器官 Internal genitals • 輸精管 Vasa deferentia – tubules wound in the epididymides • Urethra – passes sperm and urine • 儲精囊 Seminal vesicles – 產生一種使精子能夠移動的 粘液,構成了精液 • 前列腺 Prostate gland – 提供精子液體使精子在陰道中 更具活力及持久 • 考伯氏腺 Cowper’s glands – 分泌液體論滑尿道 Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc. , publishing as Benjamin Cummings

表達你的性慾 • 性別取向 • 異性戀 Heterosexual • 同性戀 Homosexual • 雙性戀 Bisexual • 同性戀嫌惡

表達你的性慾 • 性別取向 • 異性戀 Heterosexual • 同性戀 Homosexual • 雙性戀 Bisexual • 同性戀嫌惡 Homophobia • 反同性戀的偏見和歧視 Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc. , publishing as Benjamin Cummings

表達你的性慾 • Sexual Behavior: What is “Normal”? • 異姓的標準 Heterosexual standard • 性交及性高潮的標準 Coital

表達你的性慾 • Sexual Behavior: What is “Normal”? • 異姓的標準 Heterosexual standard • 性交及性高潮的標準 Coital standard • 兩人的標準 Two-person standard • 浪漫的標準 Romantic standard • 安全的性的標準 Safer sex standard Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc. , publishing as Benjamin Cummings

表達你的性慾 • Sexual Orientation Multifactorial • Biological • Psychological • Socioenvironmental Copyright © 2004

表達你的性慾 • Sexual Orientation Multifactorial • Biological • Psychological • Socioenvironmental Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc. , publishing as Benjamin Cummings

表達你的性慾 • 性慾表達的方式或種類 • 獨身者(Celibacy) – 避免或戒除與他人發生性行為 • 自慰(Autoerotic behaviors) – 性幻想(sexual fantasy) &

表達你的性慾 • 性慾表達的方式或種類 • 獨身者(Celibacy) – 避免或戒除與他人發生性行為 • 自慰(Autoerotic behaviors) – 性幻想(sexual fantasy) & 自慰(masturbation) • 接吻與親撫 Kissing and erotic touching – 非語言的性 溝通nonverbal sexual communication Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc. , publishing as Benjamin Cummings

表達你的性慾 • Sexual Expression (continued) • 口交 Oral-genital stimulation • 舔陰道 Cunnilingus – oral

表達你的性慾 • Sexual Expression (continued) • 口交 Oral-genital stimulation • 舔陰道 Cunnilingus – oral stimulation of the female’s genitals • 舔陰莖 Fellatio – oral stimulation of the male’s genitals • 陰道性交 Vaginal intercourse – penis into the vagina • 肛交 Anal intercourse – insertion of the penis into the anus Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc. , publishing as Benjamin Cummings

表達你的性慾 • 異常性行為 Variant Sexual Expression • 雜交 Group sex • 戀物性扮異性症 Transvestism •

表達你的性慾 • 異常性行為 Variant Sexual Expression • 雜交 Group sex • 戀物性扮異性症 Transvestism • 變性慾症 Transsexualism • 戀物癖 Fetishism Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc. , publishing as Benjamin Cummings

表達你的性慾 • Variant Sexual Expression (illegal in some states) • 暴露症 Exhibitionism • 窺伺症Voyeurism

表達你的性慾 • Variant Sexual Expression (illegal in some states) • 暴露症 Exhibitionism • 窺伺症Voyeurism • 虐待症及被虐待症 Sadomasochism • 戀童症 Pedophilia • Autoerotic asphyxiation • How many of these variant behaviors have you heard of? Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc. , publishing as Benjamin Cummings

性功能潛在的問題 • 性慾障礙 Sexual Desire Disorder • 習慣性低性慾 Inhibited sexual desire (ISD) • 性嫌惡障礙

性功能潛在的問題 • 性慾障礙 Sexual Desire Disorder • 習慣性低性慾 Inhibited sexual desire (ISD) • 性嫌惡障礙 Sexual aversion disorder • 性勃起障礙 Sexual Arousal Disorder • 勃起困難 Erectile dysfunction or impotence • 性高潮障礙 Orgasmic disorders Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc. , publishing as Benjamin Cummings

性功能潛在的問題 • 性交疼痛障礙 Sexual Pain Disorder • 性交疼痛 Dyspareunia • 陰道金鑾Vaginismus • 尋求協助 Seeking

性功能潛在的問題 • 性交疼痛障礙 Sexual Pain Disorder • 性交疼痛 Dyspareunia • 陰道金鑾Vaginismus • 尋求協助 Seeking Help for Sexual Dysfunction • 選擇合格之治療師或諮詢者 Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc. , publishing as Benjamin Cummings

性功能潛在的問題 • 藥物及性 • 酒精會降低性慾並減緩性的反應 • Tendency to blame the drug for bad behavior

性功能潛在的問題 • 藥物及性 • 酒精會降低性慾並減緩性的反應 • Tendency to blame the drug for bad behavior • “約會強暴藥丸” • Rohypnol (“roofies”) • Gamma-hydroxybutrane (GHB) Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc. , publishing as Benjamin Cummings