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POWER DYNAMICS OF STANDARD LANGUAGE vs. HOME LANGUAGE PRESENTATION BY- SUMAN DEY B. Ed. 1 ST SEMESTER ROLL NO. - 47
STANDARD LANGUAGE � A Standard language is a special dialect of some language which has been codified and elaborated for use in variety of domains (prof. RL Trask). �In 21 st century, standard language refers to the language which is spoken in the capital areas of the country and is also participated by the majority of the educated section of the society.
ROLE OF STANDARD LANGUAGE �It serves many roles especially in the middle class section of the society as it becomes the most popular and acceptable medium of instruction from news to profession. • According to Mc. Arthur – “Standard language is a term for the form of language used for example, in general publishing , the news media, education, government and other such profession and specially by the middle classes”.
HOME LANGUAGE �Home language ( or the variety of language ) that is most commonly spoken by the members of the family for everyday interaction at the home. �Home language is also called as the family language or the language of the home. �It is sometimes also used synonymously with “mother tongue”.
ROLE OF HOME LANGUAGE �An individual gets entry into the social life or society by interaction with others through this language. �Forms the backbone of ethnic identity of a religion. �Enables one to spontaneously participate in the socio cultural belief of society.
COMPARISON BETWEEN STANDARD LANGUAGE AND HOME LANGUAGE STANDARD LANGUAGE HOME LANGUAGE spoken by the educated people living in capital of a country. Learned by the child where he /she is born and brought up. Homogeneous Heterogeneous Main stream language and does not involve grammatical experimentation Has variety and has grammatical experimentation Acquired through some organized language learning programme. Learnt in the family. Extensively used in the production of literary and non literary text. Generally not used in the production of literary and non literary text. Has wide acceptance. Limited acceptance generally used in front of known one. Cannot act as gate pass for any individual being into society. Gets entry into society by home language. Ethnicity has nothing to with standard language Ethnicity survives through home language.