- Slides: 21
POLITICAL GEOGRAPHY AP Human Geography
POLITICAL GEOGRAPHY IS…. • The study of the political organization of the world • What is a state • Why states are where they are • Physical geography of states (their affect on a state) • Interactions between states • Interaction within a state
A STATE…. • Politically organized territory with: • Permanent population • Defined territory • Government • Sovereignty • Recognized by other states • How does that stack up against our list?
SOVREIGNTY • Recognized right to control territory both politically and militarily
HOW TO GET RECOGNIZED • Other countries must recognize your right to exist. • Need to have a couple of big countries recognize you or a majority of the United Nations
REAL STATE OR NOT? • Republic of China (AKA Taiwan)? • Kosovo? • North Korea? • Israel? • Armenia? • Palestine?
Nat ? n Multinational o i t ion? a Country n s s state? e l e t a ? t S Microstate ? TERMS RELATED TO STATES n o i t a N te? a t S Satellite State? Sta t e ? Multistate nation?
NATION STATE • Blueistan • Everyone living in Blueistan is also Blueistani
MULTINATIONAL STATE • Blueistan • The people living in blueistan are different nationalities – like purpleini, greeneons, etc
MULTISTATE NATION • The Blueistanis live not only in Blueistan, but also in neighboring countries. The Nationality is in several neighboring states
STATELESS NATION • The Blueistani people are not the majority in any country. They don’t have a country to call their own
NOT A STATELESS NATION • In this case the Bluestanis are not a stateless nation – because they are all in one country. They may not have a country called Bluestani, but they are all together
SHAPES OF STATES
THE SHAPE OF A STATE CAN EFFECT: ORGANIZATION CONTROL TRANSPORTATION MANAGEMENT GOVERNANCE ECONOMY RELATIONSHIP WITH NEIGHBORS
COMPACT STATE • Usually the perfect state shape • Especially when capital is in the center • Transportation • communication
ELONGATED STATE • Least efficient • Further from the capital = isolation • Transportation • Defense
PRORUPT STATE • Combo of compact and elongated • Proruption usually has some sort of significance
FRAGMENTED STATE • Most difficult • Can be only islands or part continent, part island • Communication, defense, control
PERFORATED STATE • One state completely surrounds another state • Surrounded state = enclave • Access, defense, dependence
STATE SHAPE ACTIVITY