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What is poetry? ? ? • Poetry- A piece of writing used to convey images, feelings and emotions. • Poetry can appear in many different forms. Can be short or long. • Poetry CAN Rhyme, but does not have to.
Forms of Poetry • There are many different forms of poetry. Listed below are the ones that we will study. - Haiku - Free Verse - Limerick - Sonnet - Ballad or Narrative Poetry
What is Figurative Language? • Figurative Language- Language enriched by word meanings and figures of speech
Figurative Language • Alliteration- the repetition of first letter of a word. Ex. : I hear the lake water lapping with low sounds by the shore. . . Ex: The silken sad uncertainty rustling of each purple curtain.
Consonance • The repetition of the consonant sound in neighboring words (not just at the beginning) Example: The silken sad uncertainty rustling of each purple curtain.
Assonance • The repetition of the vowel sound. Example: Slow the low gradual moan Came in the snowing
Figurative Language • Personification- giving human qualities to things that are not human, like animals or trees or rivers. Ex- The wind whistled through the trees Bugs Bunny • Onomatopoeia- word that imitates the sound it represents Ex- Buzz, Tap, Zip, Pop, Moo, Swish
Figurative Language • Metaphor- compares two different things without like or as Ex. : For ever since that time you went away I've been a rabbit burrowed in the wood Simile- compares two different things using like or as Ex. : Joe is like an old bull He is as cunning as a fox
Figurative Language • Hyperbole- figure of speech which is an exaggeration - I nearly died laughing - I tried a thousand times • You’re so… jokes -My dog is so ugly I have to tie a $100 bill on it so people will pet it! -My aunt is so fat you have to take 2 trains and a bus to get on her good side.
Poetic Elements • Refrain- Repetition of a word or phrase • Lines- ONE line of a poem • Stanza- One of the divisions of a poem, composed of two or more lines usually characterized by a common pattern of meter, rhyme, and number of lines.
Kinds of Stanzas Couplet Triplet Quatrain Quintet Sestet Septet Octave = = = = two line stanza three line stanza four line stanza five line stanza six line stanza seven line stanza eight line stanza
Rhyme • The repetition of a sound within a word. • Examples: nail and whale, material and cereal, icicle and bicycle We looked! Then we saw him Step in on the mat We looked! And we saw him The Cat and the Hat
Poetic Elements Rhyme Scheme- The pattern in which the last word of the lines of a poem rhyme. The first rhyming sound is labeled as “A”. The second Rhyming sound is labeled “B” and so on and so forth. Example: Roses are red Violets are blue Sugar is sweet And so are you (A) (B) (C) (B)
Example of Rhyme It was many and many a year ago In a Kingdom by the sea, That a maiden there lived, who you many know By the name of Annabel Lee; And this maiden she lived with no other thought Than to love and be loved by me Edgar Allen Poe On your paper write the poem and the rhyme scheme.
Rhyme Scheme It was many and many a year ago In a Kingdom by the sea, That a maiden there lived, who you many know By the name of Annabel Lee; B And this maiden she lived with no other thought Than to love and be loved by me A B A C B Edgar Allen Poe
End Rhyme • A word at the end of one line, rhymes with the word at the end of another line. • Example: Whose woods these are I think I know His house is in the Village, though He will not see me stopping here To watch his woods fill up with snow
Internal Rhyme • A word inside a line rhymes with another word in the same line. I'm Being Swallowed by a Boa Constrictor Lyrics I'm being swallowed by a boa constrictor And I don't like it very much Oh no (oh no) he swallowed my toe (he swallowed my toe) Oh me (oh me) he swallowed my knee (he swallowed my knee) Oh fiddle (oh fiddle) he's up to my middle (he's up to my middle) Oh heck (oh heck) he swallowed my neck (he swallowed my neck) Oh dread, he's up to my (slurp gulp)
Repetition • The repeated use of a word, phrase or stanza in any form of literature • Repetition adds special meaning or emphasis to a piece of literature.
Haiku • a three line poem, typically dealing with nature; 17 total syllables in a 5 -7 -5 pattern • Originated in Japan
Examples of Haiku The red blossom bends and drips its dew to the ground. Like a tear it falls on the Chinese vase the flowers retain brightness - - pouring out water.
Limericks • a humorous form consisting on five lines. Lines 1, 2 and 5 are long and they all rhyme. Lines 3 and 4 are short and they rhyme. • Rhyme scheme is AABBA • Typically start with “There once was…” • Originated in Ireland
Example of a Limerick There once was a farmer from Leeds, Who ate six packets of seeds, It soon came to pass, He was covered with grass, And he couldn't sit down for the weeds!
Example of a Limerick There once was a young hunter named Shepherd Who was eaten for lunch by a leopard. Said the leopard, "Egad! You'd be tastier, lad If you had been salted and peppered!"
How to… 1. Across the top of your paper, write 5 -6 places that you have either lived or visited…cities, states, countries, addresses. 2. Choose the two places that are easiest to rhyme (this may take some experimenting and more than one try). You may help each other brainstorm rhyming words. Write those rhyming words next the locations you have picked. Example: Beijing: bring, fling, king, Ming, opening, ring, sling. 4. Use those rhyming words to help you create your own limerick 3. Use past tense
Example: There once was a man from Beijing. All of his life he hoped to be king. So he put on a crown, Which quickly fell down. That small smelly man from Beijing.
Ballad or Narrative Poetry • A ballad is a Narrative Poem (tells a story) and can be sung, but doesn’t have to be. • Often times has a refrain or some sort of repetition • Usually rhymes in some way, but there is no set rhyming pattern. • An example of a ballad is “The Edmond Fitzgerald” by Gordon Lightfoot
Ballad or Narrative Poetry • • • Popular Subjects Tragic Love Family Conflicts War Shipwrecks Crimes and Outlaws
The Wreck of the Edmond Fitzgerald by Gordon Lightfoot
Free Verse • Free Verse is a form of Poetry composed of either rhymed or unrhymed lines that have no set fixed pattern. • The early 20 th-century poets were the first to write what they called "free verse" which allowed them to break from the rules of traditional poetry.
Free Verse Example Dolphins Here I swim, with my friends. They jump around me and flip in the air. I am in Florida. There is lots of different kinds of dolphin’s I am a Bottled nosed dolphin. I slip in the water to find my prey. My predators are sharks and some bigger animals than me that live in the ocean. I see something standing on land that I have seen before. There is a noise coming from there. I keep playing with my friends.
Sonnet • A 14 line poem with a set rhyme scheme and pattern ABAB CDCD EFEF GG • A typical line of a sonnet has ten syllables and is written in Iambic Pentameter. This means that every other syllable is accented, so it sounds singsongy • Made famous by William Shakespeare
• SONNET 18 Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate: Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer's lease hath all too short a date: Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, And often is his gold complexion dimm'd; And every fair from fair sometime declines, By chance or nature's changing course untrimm'd; But thy eternal summer shall not fade Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest; Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade, When in eternal lines to time thou growest: So long as men can breathe or eyes can see, So long lives this and this gives life to thee.
Sonnet Practice With the remainder of the class period work on creating your own sonnet. What you do not finish in class is for homework.