Poetry Vocabulary Poetry Vocabulary Poetry is literature that

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Poetry Vocabulary

Poetry Vocabulary

Poetry Vocabulary Poetry is literature that uses a few words to tell about ideas,

Poetry Vocabulary Poetry is literature that uses a few words to tell about ideas, feelings and paints a picture in the readers mind. Most poems were written to be read aloud. Poems may or may not rhyme. Lecture 9, American Literature (I) Autumn 2008

Form The form of a poem is the way that it looks on the

Form The form of a poem is the way that it looks on the page. Lecture 9, American Literature (I) Autumn 2008

What a poem looks like: Bad Hair Day line I looked in the mirror

What a poem looks like: Bad Hair Day line I looked in the mirror with shock and with dread Stanza Rhyming words to discover two antlers had sprung from my head. Lecture 9, American Literature (I) Autumn 2008

Lines The way that poets arrange words into lines. The lines may or may

Lines The way that poets arrange words into lines. The lines may or may not be sentences. Lecture 9, American Literature (I) Autumn 2008

Stanzas Groups of lines in traditional poetry. What Bugs Me When my teacher tells

Stanzas Groups of lines in traditional poetry. What Bugs Me When my teacher tells me to write a poem. When my mother tells me to clean up my room. When my sister practices her violin while I’m watching TV. When my father tells me to turn off the TV and do my homework. When my brother picks a fight with me and I have to go to bed early. When my teacher asks me to get up in front of the class and read the poem I wrote on the school bus. Lecture 9, American Literature (I) Autumn 2008 Stanza

Free Verse Poems that do not usually rhyme and have no fixed rhythm or

Free Verse Poems that do not usually rhyme and have no fixed rhythm or pattern. They are written like a conversation. Lecture 9, American Literature (I) Autumn 2008

Sound Devices Elements of poetry that use one type of sound related characteristic. Rhythm

Sound Devices Elements of poetry that use one type of sound related characteristic. Rhythm Meter Rhyme Onomatopoeia And more. . . Lecture 9, American Literature (I) Autumn 2008

Rhythm The beat of the poem. These are made up patterns of strong and

Rhythm The beat of the poem. These are made up patterns of strong and weak syllables. Lecture 9, American Literature (I) Autumn 2008

Meter A pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables. Meter occurs when the stressed and

Meter A pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables. Meter occurs when the stressed and unstressed syllables of the words in a poem are arranged in a repeating pattern. When poets write in meter, they count out the number of stressed (strong) syllables and unstressed (weak) syllables for each line. They repeat the pattern throughout the poem. Lecture 9, American Literature (I) Autumn 2008

Rhyme Sounds that are alike at the end of words, such as snow and

Rhyme Sounds that are alike at the end of words, such as snow and crow. There are several types of rhyme such as end rhyme like run and fun, internal rhyme as in: Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered weak and weary. and near rhyme -- words that do not exactly rhyme such as rose and lose. Lecture 9, American Literature (I) Autumn 2008

Sample Rhyme scheme The Germ Ogden Nash A mighty creature is the germ, Though

Sample Rhyme scheme The Germ Ogden Nash A mighty creature is the germ, Though smaller than the pachyderm. His customary dwelling place Is deep within the human race. His childish pride he often pleases By giving people strange diseases. Do you, my poppet, feel infirm? You probably contain a germ. Lecture 9, American Literature (I) Autumn 2008 A A B B C C A A

Alliteration Consonant sounds repeated at the beginnings of words If Peter Piper picked a

Alliteration Consonant sounds repeated at the beginnings of words If Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers, how many pickled peppers did Peter Piper pick? Lecture 9, American Literature (I) Autumn 2008

Onomatopoeia Words that imitate the sound they are naming: BUZZ OR sounds that imitate

Onomatopoeia Words that imitate the sound they are naming: BUZZ OR sounds that imitate another sound “The silken, sad, uncertain, rustling of each purple curtain. . . ” Lecture 9, American Literature (I) Autumn 2008

Repetition The repeating of sounds, words, phrases, or lines in a poem. I like

Repetition The repeating of sounds, words, phrases, or lines in a poem. I like popcorn! I like candy! I like chips! I like ice cream! I need to brush my teeth! Lecture 9, American Literature (I) Autumn 2008

Figurative Language and Other Poetic Devices Figurative language Imagery Simile Metaphor Personification Tone Assonance

Figurative Language and Other Poetic Devices Figurative language Imagery Simile Metaphor Personification Tone Assonance Symbolism Idiom Hyperbole Lecture 9, American Literature (I) Autumn 2008

Figurative Language Words and phrases that help the reader picture things in a new

Figurative Language Words and phrases that help the reader picture things in a new way. Example: She heard music when he kissed her. Lecture 9, American Literature (I) Autumn 2008

Imagery Words or phrases that appeal to the five senses: sight, hearing, smell, taste,

Imagery Words or phrases that appeal to the five senses: sight, hearing, smell, taste, and touch. Imagery is what helps you paint a picture or imagine what is happening or what the poet is feeling. Example: The hamburgers sizzled on the grill … Lecture 9, American Literature (I) Autumn 2008

Simile A comparison of two things using the words like or as. e. g.

Simile A comparison of two things using the words like or as. e. g. Her smile was bright like the sun! The peach was as delicious as a kiss. My dog is as mean as a snake. Lecture 9, American Literature (I) Autumn 2008

Metaphor A comparison of two things WITHOUT using “as or like”. e. g. His

Metaphor A comparison of two things WITHOUT using “as or like”. e. g. His face is a puzzle to me, I can never figure out what he is thinking. Lecture 9, American Literature (I) Autumn 2008

Personification Giving an animal or an object human qualities. e. g. My dog smiles

Personification Giving an animal or an object human qualities. e. g. My dog smiles at me. The house glowed with happiness. The car was irritated when she pumped it full of cheap gas. Lecture 9, American Literature (I) Autumn 2008

Tone The writer's attitude toward his readers and his subject; his mood or moral

Tone The writer's attitude toward his readers and his subject; his mood or moral view. A writer can be formal, informal, playful, ironic, and especially, optimistic or pessimistic. Lecture 9, American Literature (I) Autumn 2008

Assonance Repeated VOWEL sounds in a line or lines of poetry. Examples of ASSONANCE:

Assonance Repeated VOWEL sounds in a line or lines of poetry. Examples of ASSONANCE: “Slow the low gradual moan came in the snowing. ” -- John Masefield “Shall ever medicine thee to that sweet sleep. ” -- William Shakespeare Lecture 9, American Literature (I) Autumn 2008

Symbolism When a person, place, thing, or event that has meaning in itself also

Symbolism When a person, place, thing, or event that has meaning in itself also represents, or stands for, something else, usually something bigger and more important. Lecture 9, American Literature (I) Autumn 2008 = Innocence = America =Peace

Idiom An expression where the literal meaning of the words is not the meaning

Idiom An expression where the literal meaning of the words is not the meaning of the expression. It means something other than what it actually says. Ex. It’s raining cats and dogs. Lecture 9, American Literature (I) Autumn 2008

Hyperbole Obvious and intentional exaggeration. e. g. There a million people in here! I

Hyperbole Obvious and intentional exaggeration. e. g. There a million people in here! I could sleep for a year! I have a ton of homework tonight! Lecture 9, American Literature (I) Autumn 2008

No Where Near the End! There is so much more to poetry. . .

No Where Near the End! There is so much more to poetry. . . we have only scratched the surface. . . Refer to Jack Lynch: Glossary of Literary and Rhetorical Terms Lecture 9, American Literature (I) Autumn 2008